PDA

View Full Version : Undergrad Syllabus summary (1770 lines)

Craig Mcdonald
09-21-1994, 08:13 AM
Hello:

tried to clean up the formatting, etc. but there may be a few spots I
missed. Hopefully the editor I've used will allow you to see the
results. I've separated the responses with ------s.

I think you will find a number of new ideas and references that could
be incorporated into the classes you teach. I also left in the
grading standards for comparison along with other misc information.

Thanks to all who responded. Any late arrivals will be posted.
One syllabus was being sent my regular postal mail.

Craig
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

>From MWHITTLE@UTCVM.UTC.EDU Sat Sep 10 12:50:08 1994

This is a junior level undergraduate course for students pursuing
a bachelors degree in physical therapy. They have already
completed at college-level courses in physics, trigonometry, gross
anatomy and physiology.

Michael W. Whittle, M.D., Ph.D.
Cline Chair of Rehabilitation Technology
The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

PHYT314 - KINESIOLOGY

Course description: An introduction to kinesiology through the
study of biomechanics, including statics and dynamics, joint
kinematics, and related aspects of muscle mechanics and physiology.
Emphasis is on the importance of mechanical principles in relation
to analysis of the human body at rest and in motion, in both normal
and selected pathological conditions.

1. Norkin, C. and Levangie, P. (1983): Joint structure and
function: a comprehensive analysis. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis
Company.
2. Whittle, M.W. (1991): Gait analysis: an introduction. Oxford:
Butterworth-Heinemann.

Topic 1: Introduction and review of relevant mathematics

At the completion of this lesson, the student will be able to:
1. Explain the place of kinesiology within the discipline of biomechanics.
2. Use Pythagoras theorem to calculate the length of the unknown side of a
right triangle.
3. Use sines, cosines and tangents to calculate the unknown anglesin a right
triangle.
4. Use sines, cosines and tangents to calculate the lengths of the unknown
sides of a right triangle.
5. Use the sine formula and the cosine formula to find unknown angles and
side lengths in triangles of any shape.
6. Resolve vectors into components.
7. Reconstruct vectors from their components.
8. Add and subtract vectors. 9. Perform calculations using the relevant
Systeme International (SI) units of scientific measurement.

Topic 2: Biomechanics

At the completion of this lesson, the student will be able to:
1. Define the terminology used in biomechanics, including kinetics,
kinematics, statics, dynamics, displacement, velocity,
acceleration, scalar and vector.
2. Name the three components of a force, and explain the
difference between internal and external forces.
3. State Newton's three laws and explain the concept of action and
reaction.
4. Show how Newton's laws lead to concept of the balance of
forces.
5. Describe inertia and gravity, and explain the relationship
between mass and weight.
6. Describe the concept of center of gravity, and explain how its
position can be determined in various objects.
7. Explain the relationship between stability, center of gravity
and area of support.
8. Explain the concept of friction and how to calculate the
magnitude of the parallel force.
9. Explain what is meant by "degrees of freedom".
10. Describe the how the moment of force is calculated from the
force and the perpendicular distance.
11. Describe the three types of lever and the concept of
12. Explain the concept of the balance of moments.
13. Describe static, dynamic, stable and unstable equilibrium.
14. Calculate the unknown force in a system, by balancing forces
and moments.
15. Describe how anatomic pulleys may change action line, moment
arm, and torque of muscles passing them.
16. Describe the types of lever found in the body, and the
relationship between effort and resistance forces in concentric and
eccentric contraction.
17. Explain why the biomechanical efficiency of muscles changes
through a joint's range of motion.
18. Define energy, work and power, and distinguish between
potential and kinetic energy.

Topic 3: Joint structure and function

At the completion of this lesson, the student will be able to:
1. Describe the structures by which joints achieve the two
cardinal requirements of stability and mobility.
2. Explain the difference between tension, compression and shear
stresses.
3. Explain the difference between stress and strain and the units
in which they are measured.
4. Describe the mechanical properties of bone, ligament, tendon,
hyaline cartilage and fibrocartilage, in terms of their ability to
resist and transmit stress.
5. Describe the structure of the joint capsule and the properties
of synovial fluid.
6. Classify the different types of joint.
7. Classify synovial joints, based on the number of axes about
which motion takes place.
8. Explain the concept of a kinematic chain, and differentiate
between open and closed chains.
9. Differentiate between the three types of joint surface motion:
spin, roll and slide.
10. Explain the concept of joint congruency and the difference
between close-packed and loose-packed positions.
11. Explain how actual joint motion consists primarily of only
one, two or three of the possible six degrees of freedom.
12. Relate the concept of joint stability to the functions of the
different joint structures.
13. Explain the difference between the ideal situation and the
real life situation in terms of muscle lever arms, muscle forces
and joint forces.

Topic 4: Muscle structure and function

At the completion of this lesson, the student will be able to:
1. State the function of muscles.
2. Explain the terms concentric, isometric, eccentric, isotonic
and isokinetic.
3. Explain the difference between anaerobic and anaerobic
contraction.
4. Describe the process of muscle fatigue, including the systems
which may be affected.
5. Describe the motor unit, differentiate three types of muscle
fiber, and explain how fiber type is determined.
6. State the difference between tonic and phasic muscles.
7. Describe the processes of muscle atrophy and hypertrophy.
8. Explain the muscle tension/length relationship, and how it is
responsible for active and passive insufficiency.
9. Explain the difference between single-joint and multiple-joint
muscles, with respect to active and passive insufficiency, and with
respect to their actions at the joints they cross.
10. Explain how maximum force depends on velocity, in eccentric,
isometric and concentric contraction.
11. Describe the factors affecting maximal joint torque.
12. Explain the terms agonist, antagonist, co-contraction and
synergist, and explain synergistic contraction.
13. Explain why contraction of a single muscle will seldom produce
the desired affect, so that synergists are almost always needed.
14. Describe the ways in which textbook descriptions often fail to
describe muscle activity in the "real world".

Topic 5: The elbow and forearm

After completion of this lesson, the student will be able to:
1. Describe the articulating surfaces of the humeroulnar and
2. List the ligaments associated with the elbow complex.
3. Describe the type of motion which occurs at the elbow joint,
the axis of rotation, the close-packed position, and the factors
responsible for stability.
4. List the muscles which cross the elbow joint, stating what
other joints they also cross.
5. State the muscles responsible for flexion and extension of the
elbow.
6. Describe radioulnar separation at full extension.
7. Explain why the elbow joint is limited in extension, but has a
good range of flexion.
8. Describe the carrying angle, noting the gender difference, and
say what happens to the carrying angle during flexion.
9. Explain how the roles of the biceps and brachioradialis as
flexors change with pronation and supination.
10. Describe the articulations of the superior and inferior
11. Describe the ligaments of the radioulnar joints and the
factors responsible for stability.
12. Describe how the two radioulnar joints combine to make a hinge
with a single axis of rotation; describe the motions and the axis
13. List the muscles responsible for pronation and supination.
14. Explain how the roles of the biceps and brachioradialis in
pronation and supination change with the position of the elbow and
15. Explain the role of the interosseous membrane.
during pronation.

Topic 6: The shoulder complex

At the completion of this lesson, the student will be able to:
1. Name the muscles connecting the trunk to the scapula, the trunk
to the arm and the scapula to the arm.
2. Describe the articular surfaces and ligaments of the
sternoclavicular joint.
3. Describe the movements which take place at the sternoclavicular
joint, and the factors responsible for stability.
4. Describe the articular surfaces and ligaments of the
acromioclavicular joint.
5. Describe the movements which take place at the
acromioclavicular joint, and the factors responsible for stability.
6. Describe the structures which form the scapulothoracic
mechanism and the factors responsible for stability.
7. Describe the movements which take place between the chest wall
and the scapula, the alternative names for those movements, and the
secondary movements which accompany the main ones.
8. Describe the muscles (and other forces) which produce downward
scapular rotation and upward scapular rotation.
9. Describe the muscles (and other forces) which produce scapular
elevation and scapular depression.
10. Describe the muscles which produce scapular protraction and
retraction.
11. Explain why motion of the scapula always occurs as part of a
closed kinetic chain.
12. Describe the scapulohumeral rhythm.
13. Describe the articular surfaces and ligaments of the
glenohumeral joint.
14. Describe the movements which take place at the glenohumeral
joint, and the type of joint surface movement.
15. List the muscles which produce abduction and adduction of the
arm.
16. List the muscles which produce flexion and extension of the
arm.
17. List the muscles which produce internal and external rotation
of the arm.
18. Explain how the shoulder is normally prevented from subluxing
due to gravity, and how this mechanism may be disrupted following
a stroke.
19. Explain what is meant by humeral retroversion.
20. Explain how the coracoacromial arch prevents upward
subluxation of the shoulder.
21. Name, and describe the functions of, the rotator cuff muscles,
particularly with regard to their role in abduction of the arm.
22. Describe how the design of the shoulder reconciles a number of
conflicting requirements.

Topic 7: Spine and posture

At the completion of this lesson, the student will be able to:
1. Describe the curves of the vertebral column using appropriate
terminology.
2. List the articulations, major ligaments and structural
components of the vertebral column.
3. Describe the intervertebral disc.
4. Explain the regional characteristics of vertebral structure.
5. Describe the motions of the vertebral column as a whole.
6. Describe the movements of the vertebrae in each region.
7. Describe the movements of the ribs.
8. Explain the lumbar-pelvic rhythm.
9. Describe the lumbosacral junction and the conditions of
spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis.
10. Analyze the effects of an increased lumbosacral angle on the
pelvis and lumbar vertebral column.
11. Describe the sacroiliac joint, the special nomenclature for
flexion and extension of the sacrum, and the movements at this
joint during childbirth.
12. List the muscles of the vertebral column and give the specific
functions of each.
13. Distinguish between posture and balance, and state what is
meant by static and dynamic postures.
14. Explain how the standing posture is maintained by a balance
control feedback loop.
15. Explain postural sway in the standing position, and describe
how small and large postural errors are corrected.
16. Explain the relationship between the line of gravity and the
joint centers in posture control.
17. State what is meant by "optimal posture".
18. Describe visual and scientific posture analysis.
19. Describe the optimal posture in the sagittal plane, as it
relates to the ankle, knee, hip, pelvis, lumbar, thoracic and
cervical regions of the spine, and the head.
20. Describe the optimal posture in the coronal plane, both above
and below the hip joints.
21. Describe the biomechanical consequences of the following
abnormalities of posture: flexed knee, excessive pelvic tilt,
valgus knee, varus knee, and scoliosis.

Topic 8: The wrist and hand complex

After completion of this lesson, the student will be able to:
1. Describe the articular surfaces, ligaments and stabilizing
2. Describe the motions of the radiocarpal joint.
3. Describe the articular surfaces, ligaments and stabilizing
factors for the midcarpal joint.
4. Describe the motions of the midcarpal joint.
5. List the muscles crossing the wrist joint and give their
functions.
6. Describe the carpal tunnel syndrome.
7. Explain the nomenclature used in the wrist and hand.
8. Describe the articular surfaces, ligaments and stabilizing
factors for the carpo-metacarpal joints of the fingers and thumb.
9. Describe the motions of the finger and thumb carpo-metacarpal
joints.
10. Explain the nomenclature used for describing motions of the
thumb.
11. Describe the articular surfaces, ligaments and stabilizing
factors for the metacarpo-phalangeal joints.
12. Describe the motions of the metacarpo-phalangeal joints.
13. List the muscles crossing the metacarpo-phalangeal joints and
give their functions.
14. Describe the articular surfaces, ligaments and stabilizing
factors for the interphalangeal joints.
15. Describe the motions of the interphalangeal joints.
16. Explain the role of the interossei and lumbricals in producing
flexion, extension, adduction and abduction of the fingers.
17. Explain how flexion or extension of the wrist affects the
strength of the fingers, through active and passive insufficiency.
18. Explain how quadriplegics are able to achieve grasp through
tenodesis.

Topic 9: The hip complex

At the completion of this lesson, the student will be able to:
1. Describe the articulating surfaces of the pelvis and femur.
2. Describe the structure and function of the ligaments of the hip
joint.
3. Describe the degrees of freedom of the hip joint and the type
of joint surface motion.
4. Identify all of the muscles which cross the hip joint, and
state what other joints they cross.
5. List the muscles which take a part in hip extension, flexion,
abduction, adduction, internal and external rotation.
6. Distinguish between the mechanical and anatomical axes of the
femur.
7. Explain what is meant by femoral neck anteversion and
retroversion, and femoral torsion.
8. Differentiate between coxa vara and coxa valga, and explain
their importance in terms of bending moments and abductor lever
arms.
9. Explain the movements of the hips and lumbar spine when lateral
pelvic tilt and anterior pelvic tilt occur in a closed kinematic
chain.
10. Describe how the standing position is maintained in the
sagittal plane, and in the coronal plane when standing on both feet
and on one foot.
11. Calculate the forces in the hip joint when standing on both
feet and on one foot.
12. Describe Trendelenburg's sign.
13. Describe the mechanical consequences of congenital dislocation
of the hip (CDH).
14. Explain how the knee position affects the hip.

Topic 10: The knee complex

At the completion of this lesson, the student will be able to:
1. Describe the articulating surfaces of the tibiofemoral and
patellofemoral joints.
2. Describe the ligaments of the knee.
3. Describe the restraints to knee motion in flexion, extension,
abduction, adduction, internal and external rotation.
4. Explain how the combined motion of rolling and sliding gives
the knee joint a shifting axis.
5. Identify the muscles which cross the knee joint, and state what
other joints they cross.
6. List the muscles which take a part in knee extension and
flexion.
7. Explain how the hamstrings run into active and passive
insufficiency, depending on the hip and knee angles.
8. Explain how the cruciate ligaments control knee kinematics by
9. Describe the screw-home mechanism of the knee.
10. Define the "Q" angle and explain how it relates to the
physiological valgus angle and patellar dislocation.
11. Explain the relationship between the location of the line of
12. Explain how the menisci reduce local stresses on the articular
surfaces by increasing the contact surface area.
13. Calculate the force across the tibiofemoral and patellofemoral
joints during knee extension exercise.
14. Explain how tibiofemoral and patellofemoral joint forces vary
with knee angle during knee extension exercise.
15. Describe how mathematical modelling can be used to calculate
knee joint forces during a particular activity.

Topic 11: The ankle-foot complex

At the completion of this lesson, the student will be able to:
1. Define the terminology used in describing motions of the ankle-
foot complex, including inversion/eversion, pronation/supination,
and varus/valgus.
2. Describe the articular surfaces of the ankle (talocrural)
joint.
3. Explain the role of the tibiofibular joints and supporting
ligaments, and state what happens at these joints during ankle
dorsiflexion and plantarflexion.
4. Describe the ligaments of the ankle joint, and the factors
responsible for the stability of the joint.
5. Describe the axis of the ankle joint, the degrees of freedom
and the type of joint surface motion.
6. Name the muscles crossing the ankle and subtalar joints, and
state what other joints they also cross.
7. Describe the articular surfaces of the subtalar (talocalcaneal)
joint.
8. Describe the ligaments of the subtalar joint, and the factors
responsible for the stability of the joint.
9. Describe the axis of the subtalar joint, the degrees of freedom
and the type of joint surface motion.
10. Name the muscles responsible for dorsiflexion, plantarflexion,
inversion and eversion about the ankle and subtalar joints.
11. Explain why motion at the subtalar joint is accompanied by
motion at the talonavicular joint.
12. Explain the relationship between tibial rotation and subtalar
inversion/eversion.
13. Describe the structure and function of the plantar arches.
14. Explain what is meant by the "metatarsal break".
15. Explain the general function of the extrinsic and intrinsic
muscles of the foot.
16. Describe hallux valgus and other common foot deformities.

Topic 12: Gait analysis

At the completion of this lesson, the student will be able to:
1. Name the events of the gait cycle.
2. Explain the timing of the gait cycle, in terms of single and
double support times.
3. Describe the foot placement parameters.
4. Define the general gait parameters and their units of
measurement.
5. Describe angular excursion of hip, knee and ankle in the
sagittal plane during the gait cycle.
6. List the times at which the major muscle groups are active
during the gait cycle.
7. Show how muscular activity relates to the relationship between
the positions of the joints and the ground reaction force.
8. Describe the way in which the energy cost of walking in normal
individuals is minimized by the six "determinants of gait".
9. List three ways in which energy is used during walking, and two
ways of expressing energy usage.
10. Describe simple methods of measuring the general gait
parameters, and a method of presenting the results.
11. Explain how forces in the hip joint are minimized by lateral
trunk bending ("Trendelenburg gait").
12. Explain why a patient with a painful hip should be advised to
use a cane in the opposite hand.
13. Show how anterior trunk bending is able to compensate for
14. Show how posterior trunk bending is able to compensate for hip
extensor paralysis.
15. Explain the relationship between hip flexion contracture and
increased lumbar lordosis.
16. Describe what is meant by a "functional" leg length
discrepancy.
17. Describe four compensations for functional leg length
discrepancy: circumduction, hip hiking, steppage and vaulting.
18. List the varieties and causes of abnormal hip rotation.
19. List the causes of excessive knee extension.
20. List the causes of excessive knee flexion.
21. Explain why anterior tibial weakness may cause both foot slap
and toe drag.
22. List the causes of abnormal foot contact.
23. Describe the gait pattern of insufficient push-off.
24. Give the varieties and causes of an abnormal walking base.
25. Differentiate between irregular and asymmetric rhythmic
disturbances.
26. Describe the methods of gait analysis most appropriate for use
in a clinical setting.
27. Describe the three main methods of measurement used in a
modern gait laboratory.
28. Describe how clinical gait analysis can be used to improve the
management of a patient with cerebral palsy.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

>From jdufek@OREGON.UOREGON.EDU Sat Sep 10 16:37:36 1994
Attached is an outline from our UG biomechanics course--taught this past
summer in a 4-week period. Student pre-reqs include math skills through
trig ( calculus recommended), at least one term of physics and two terms
of human anatomy (with cadaver dissection). At this point, the students
have also completed a year of basic biology and chemistry.

ALL of our majors are required to take this class--they have an option
of advanced biomechanics classes following successful completion of this
course. As well as the lecture material indicated in the outline,
students participate in a laboratory section--2 hrs / week.

I hope this information is helpful.

--jd

UNIVERSITY OF OREGON
Department of Exercise and Movement Science
EMS 381 BIOMECHANICS
Course Outline: Summer 1994

General Information

Instructor: Dr. Janet Dufek
Office: 171 Gerlinger Annex
Phone: 346-3391
Office Hours: 10:00 - 11:00 MW or by appointment
Textbook: Hall, S.J. Basic Biomechanics. St. Louis:
Mosby Year Book, 1991.
Lecture Meeting: 8:00-9:50 MUWH; 248 Gerlinger

Laboratory Instructors: Roger James & Jill Crussemeyer
Offices: B52 Gerlinger Annex (Roger); 342 Gerlinger (Jill)
Phone: 346-1033
Laboratory Meeting: 8:00-10:50 F; B52 Gerlinger Annex

Course Description
Mechanics applied to the analysis of human movement. Emphasis on
developing abi lities to analyze movement skills quantitatively. Pre-
or Co-requisites: BI 311, 312,PH YS 201; MATH 111, 112 recommended.

Purpose and Objectives
The purpose of the course is to provide the student with the basic
knowledge nec essary to undertake a systematic biomechanical approach to
the analysis of human movement. In order to achieve this objective the
student will:

A. Develop an appreciation of the scope and nature of biomechanics.
B. Develop an understanding of the basic terms used to describe
linear and an gular motion (kinematics).
C. Develop an understanding of the basic terms that determine motion
(kinetics).
D. Develop the knowledge to explain and apply the linear and angular
forms of Newton's laws of motion.
E. Develop an understanding of the various applications of internal
and external forces on the human body.
F. Develop an understanding of the basic media components that affect
motion.
G. Develop an understanding of the basic properties and structure of
bones as well as load characteristics.
H. Develop an understanding of the basic properties, actions, types
and mechanical factors of muscle tissue.

Course Content & Tentative Schedule:
A. INTRODUCTION: Ch 1 (June 20)
1. Overview of biomechanics
2. Problems to solve

B. THE BASICS: Ch 2 (June 21)
1. Terminology
2. Simple mechanical concepts
3. Use of vectors

C. LINEAR MOVEMENT: Ch 9 (June 22)
1. Linear kinematics
2. Projectile motion
3. Graphing techniques, derivative relationships

D. ANGULAR MOVEMENT: Ch 10 (June 23)
1. Angular kinematics
2. Relationships to linear kinematics

E. LINEAR KINETICS: Ch 11 (June 27-29)
1. Newton's laws
2. Linear kinetics
3. Friction
4. Impulse-Momentum
5. Work-energy

F. BONES: Ch 3 (June 29)
1. Properties and structure

EXAMINATION I (June 30)

G. ANGULAR KINETICS I: Ch 12 (June 30-July 2)
1. Levers, torque
2. Equilibrium, stability
3. Center of gravity

H. MUSCLE MECHANICS: Ch 4 (July 5-6)
1. Properties, actions, types
2. Mechanical factors; force-velocity, length-tension
3. Muscular strength, power

I. ANGULAR KINETICS II: Ch 13 (July 7-12)
1. Newton's laws, angular analogues
2. Moment of inertia
3. Angular momentum
4. Rotational forces

J. FLUID MECHANICS: Ch 14 (July 13)
1. Buoyancy, lift, drag
2. Interactive effects (friction, spin, pressure)

EXAMINATION II (July 14)

EVALUATION:

Laboratory 25 %
Homework Problems and Quizzes 25 %
Examination I 25 %
Examination II 25 %

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
* Janet S. Dufek, Ph.D.
* Department of Exercise & Movement Science
* 1240 University of Oregon
* Eugene, Oregon 97403-1240
*
* Voice: 503-346-3391
* FAX: 503-346-2841
* Internet: "jdufek@oregon.uoregon.edu"
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
DEPARTMENT OF KINESIOLOGY AND HEALTH EDUCATION
COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT AUSTIN
AUSTIN, TEXAS 78712

KIN 326K KINESIOLOGY: BIOMECHANICAL ANALYSIS OF MOVEMENT
Fall 1993

Dr. Larry Abraham TEACHING ASSISTANT: Dimitrios Kalakanis
OFFICE: Bellmont 222J OFFICE: Bellmont 844E
HOURS: MWF 10-11am, or HOURS: TTH 12:30-1:30pm,
by appointment or by appointment
PHONE: 471-1273 PHONE: 471-1273

This course is designed to provide students with an understanding
of scientific analysis of movement. We shall examine the physiological,
structural, and mechanical bases for human movement, with examples drawn
from sport and rehabilitation. Laboratory sessions will deal with
theoretical and applied aspects of selected mechanical concepts. Lectures
will concentrate on a scientific approach to mechanisms underlying human
movement. The textbook for this course is:

Luttgens, Deutsch, & Hamilton. KINESIOLOGY: Scientific Basis of Human
Motion (8th edition) 1992

Students are to work all problems provided as unit problem sets.
Additional readings may be assigned from time to time and will be available
at the reserve desk of the Education Library (PCL) or at the Learning
Resources Center (LRC) in the Education Building.

Three exams will cover lecture, textbook, and laboratory materials
as well as other assigned material for the first three quarters of the
semester. A comprehensive final exam will review and synthesize material
from all parts of the course. Laboratory assignments will be reviewed
weekly, and are to be compiled in notebooks which will be graded at the end
of the semester.

Grading will be done by a point system. The three regular exams
will be worth 50 points each. The final exam will be worth 100 points.
The lab notebook will be worth a maximum of 50 points, including lab
participation and written assignments. Final grades will be determined as
follows:

A - 270 or more points
B - 240-269 points
C - 210-239 points
D - 180-209 points
F - below 180 points

The course will follow the textbook closely; the back of this sheet
contains a rough schedule for this semester.
KIN 326K TENTATIVE COURSE SCHEDULE
FALL 1993

Abraham
(Textbook chapters)
8/25 Introduction
8/27-30 Skeletal System 1
9/1- 3 Muscle Function 2
9/8-10 Neuromuscular Function 3
9/13 Functional Unit Applications 4-8

9/15 Review
9/17 First Exam

9/20 Biomechanical Measurement 9

9/22-24 Linear Kinematics 10

9/27 Angular Kinematics 10
9/29-10/4 Force and Motion 11

10/6-8 Torque and Rotation 12
10/11 Stability 13
10/13 Review
10/15 Second Exam

10/18 -20 Skill Analysis 14

10/22 Posture 15

10/25-27 Exercise Biomechanics 16

10/29 Pushing and Pulling 17
11/1-3 Throwing and Striking 18
11/5 Review
11/8 Third Exam

11/10-15 Locomotion 19

11/17 Hydrodynamics 20
11/19-22 Flying 21

11/22 Impact 22

11/24 Developmental Patterns
11/29 Observational Analysis
12/1 Review

- - - - COMPREHENSIVE FINAL EXAM - -Wed. 12/8 - - - 9-12 noon - - - -

:=:=:=:=:=:=:=:=:=:=:=:=:=:=:=:=:=:=:=:=:=:=:=:=:= :=:=:=:=:=:=:=:=:=:=:=:=:

This course requires application of mechanical principles of human
movement to real-life situations. This approach requires a thorough
knowledge of the structure of the musculoskeletal system, as well as the
ability to use algebraic and trigonometric formulae which relate force and
motion. Students without adequate preparation will be at a severe
and alternative courses. KIN 324K (Human Anatomy) is a prerequisite for
this course. Math skills at the level of M305G or above are expected.
Students anticipating difficulty with mathematical aspects of this course
should consult the Learning Skills Center (Jester A332 - 471-3614). These
people provide free help which can make a big difference.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

>From mfeltner@pepvax.pepperdine.edu Mon Sep 12 10:48:07 1994

************************************************** ***********************

SPORTS MEDICINE 400
FUNCTIONAL ANATOMY & KINESIOLOGY
WINTER, 1994

PROFESSOR: Michael Feltner, Ph.D.

OFFICE: Heritage Hall 107

PHONE: (310) 456-4312

OFFICE HOURS: Tuesday 10:00 - 10:50 HH 107
Wednesday 8:00 - 8:50 (by appointment) HH 107
1:00 - 1:50 HH 107
Thursday 10:00 - 10:50 MSC 100

Other times by appointment. If I am not in my office (HH 107), then check the Biomechanics & Motor Behavior
Laboratory (FFH 122).

TEACHING ASSISTANT: To be announced

TEXTBOOKS: The following two textbooks are required:

Kinesiology and Applied Anatomy (7thEdition). Rasch, P.J.,

Muscles: Testing and Function (4th Edition). Kendall, F.P., McCreary,
E.K., & Provance, P.G. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1993.

The following textbooks may be used to supplement the textbooks listed
above:

Principles of Human Anatomy. Tortora, G.J. New York: Harper & Row, 1989
or 1992.

Color Atlas of Human Anatomy. McMinn, R.M.H. & Hutchings, R.T.,
Chicago: Year Book Medical, 1988.

Anatomy Coloring Book. Kapit, W. & Elson, L.M., New York: Harper &
Row, 1977.

PREREQUISITES: SPME 230 (Human Anatomy) Mandatory, you must have
completed this course.

COREQUISITE: The Physical Education class, Principles of Resistance
Training (PE 111), is a corequisite for SPME 400 and the two courses
have been structured to coincide with respect to content. Material from
the PE 111 classes will be included on your examinations in SPME 400.

ATTENDANCE: I strongly suggest that you attend every class and
laboratory session.

LOCATION: Lectures will meet in MSC 105. The laboratory classes
will meet in one of two places: MSC 105 or FFH 122.

TIME: Lecture classes meet from 9:00 to 9:50 a.m. on Monday, Tuesday
and Thursday. Laboratory classes meet from either: 1:00 to 2:50
P.M. on Tuesday. or 3:00 to 4:50 P.M. on Tuesday.

GRADING: In the semester, you will have 3 examinations and a final
examination. Material from both the lecture and laboratory sessions,
plus the PE 111 class, will be covered on each exam. In addition to the
exams, your grade will be based upon a Paper, a Laboratory Exam and
Laboratory assignments.

The percentage of each assignment is listed below:

PERCENTAGE

FINAL EXAM 30%
LECTURE EXAM #1 16%
LECTURE EXAM #2 16%
LECTURE EXAM #3 16%
PAPER 12%
LAB EXAM 7%
LABORATORY &
MISCELLANEOUS ASSIGNMENTS 3%
TOTAL 100%

The final grade will be assigned according to the following
percentile scores:

93.5 - 100 A
90.0 - 93.49 A-
87.5 - 89.99 B+
82.5 - 87.49 B
80.0 - 82.49 B-
77.5 - 79.99 C+
72.5 - 77.49 C
70.0 - 72.49 C-
67.5 - 69.99 D+
62.5 - 67.49 D
60.0 - 62.49 D-
59.99 or below F

MAKEUP EXAMS: In order to take a makeup examination, I must be
notified prior to the class in which the exam will be administered. At
this time, we will work out the necessary details. If this procedure is
not followed, you will receive a 0 (ZERO) on the exam.

WITHDRAWAL: The final date to withdraw from the class with a grade
of W is 3/2/94. The final date to withdraw from the class with a
grade of WP or WF is 4/6/94.

If you withdraw from the class, notify me immediately. You will receive
a grade of 0 for all work that is not completed until I am notified
that you have dropped the class. Any grades of 0 will be used to
compute your class average and to deternime you WP/WF status.

INCOMPLETES: They will be issued only in the case of an extreme
emergency.

EXTRA CREDIT: There is none. No exceptions.

LECTURE OUTLINE
1. R 1/6 Introduction K*:Ch.1,3-17; M#:Ch.1:1-8
2. M 1/10 Introduction to Qualitative Analysis K:Ch.15,247-251
Luttgens, K. & Wells, K.F. (1989). Appendix E, "Anatomical Analysis" in
Kinesiology 7th Ed. Dubuque: WC Brown, pgs. 598-611.
3. T 1/11 Skeletal system K:Ch.2,18-31; M:Ch.2,9-26
In the text, Strength & Power in Sport by P.V. Komi
Ch. 1. Basic Definitions for Exercise, pgs. 3-6
Ch. 2C. Neuromuscular Basis of Stretching
Exercises, pgs. 29-38
Moore, M.A. & Hutton, R.S. (1980). Electromyo-
graphic investigation of muscle stretching techniques,
Med Sci Sports Exer, 12(5), 322-329.
Etnyre, B.R. & Abraham, L.D. (1988). Antagonist
muscle activity during stretching: a paradox re-
assessed. Med Sci Sports Exer, 20(3), 285-289.
4. R 1/13 Neuromuscular system K:Ch.3,32-47, Ch.4,48-61
& Ch.5,62-77
5. M 1/17 Neuromuscular system In the text, Strength &
Power in Sport by P.V. Komi
Ch. 3. Muscular Basis of Strength, pgs. 39-53.
Ch. 2B. Motor Units, pgs. 21-28.
Ch. 6A. Contractile Performance of Skeletal
Muscle Fibres, pgs. 96-114.
Ch. 6D. Elastic Potential of Muscle, pgs. 151-
160.
Ch. 9A. Neural Adaptation to Strength Training,
pgs. 249-265.
6. T 1/18 Neuromuscular system M:Ch.12,375-395
7. R 1/20 Neuromuscular system Guissard, N., Duchateau,
J. & Hainaut, K (1992). EMG and mechanical changes during sprint
starts at different front block obliquities. Med Sci Sports Exer,
24(11), 1257-1263.
8. M 1/24 Neuromuscular system
9. T 1/25 Resistance Training K:Ch.6,78-101; K:Ch.7,102-113
ACSM Position Stand (1990) - The recommended
quantity and quality of exercise for developing and
maintaining cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness in
healthy adults. Med Sci Sports Exer, 265-274.
10. R 1/27 Resistance Training In the text, Designing
Resistance Training Programs by S.J. Fleck & W.J. Kraemer read:
Ch. 1. Basic Principles of Resistance Training, pgs. 1-11.
Ch. 2. Types of Strength Training, pgs. 14-46.
Ch. 3. Individualizing Exercise Prescriptions in
Resistance Training, pgs. 47-81.
Ch. 4. Systems of Resistance Training, pgs. 85-101.
Manning, R.J., Graves, J.E., Carpenter, D.M., Leggett,
S.H. & Pollock, M.L. (1990). Constant vs variable
resistance knee extension training. Med Sci Sports
Exer, 22(3), 397-401.

* Kinesiology and Applied Anatomy (7th Ed.) by P.J. Rasch
# Muscles Testing and Function (4th Ed.) by F.P. Kendall, E.K. McCreary
and P.G. Provance

LECTURE OUTLINE CONTINUED
11. M 1/31 Muscle Mechanics K:Ch.6,78-97
12. T 2/1 Muscle Mechanics
13. R 2/3 Muscle Mechanics
14. M 2/7 EXAM #1 (Through Muscle Mechanics)
15. T 2/8 Shoulder girdle K:Ch.8,117-135; M:Ch.7, 179-190;
M:Ch.8,282-293
16. R 2/10 Shoulder girdle
17. M 2/14 Shoulder joint M:Ch.8,271-281;M:Ch.3,29-30,61-65,68
18. T 2/15 Shoulder joint
19. R 2/17 Elbow joint K:Ch.9,136-150; M:Ch.8,262-270
20. M 2/21 Wrist & Hand K:Ch.10,151-168; M:Ch.8,245-261
21. T 2/22 Wrist & Hand
22. R 2/24 Thumb M:Ch.8,237-244
23. M 2/28 Trunk/Spine K:Ch.11,169-192; M:Ch.6,131-146;
M:Ch.9,316-324 M:Ch.3,46-51,55,66-68
24. T 3/1 EXAM #2 (Through Thumb)
W 3/2 Last day to withdraw with a grade of "W"
25. R 3/3 Hip joint K:Ch.12,193-207; M:Ch.7,214-230
M:Ch.3,31-37,53,56-60
F 3/4 Faculty Conference
26. M 3/7 Hip joint musculature
27. T 3/8 Knee joint K:Ch.13,208-226; M:Ch.7,208-213
28. R 3/10 Thigh musculature M:Ch.3,38-45,54
29. M 3/14 Ankle joint K:Ch.14,227-244; M:Ch.7,198-207
30. T 3/15 Foot M:Ch.7,191-197
31. R 3/17 Foot
32. M 3/21 Great Toe
33. T 3/22 Abdomen & Situps K:Ch.11,177-183;
M:Ch.6,147-166; M:Ch.9,323-330
34. R 3/24 Situps M:Ch.6,167-176
35. M 3/28 Posture M:Ch.4,69-118
36. T 3/29 EXAM #3 (Through Situps)
37. R 3/31 Posture M:Ch.5,119-129
38. M 4/4 Gait Norkin, P.K. & Levangie, P.K. (1992).
Ch. 14, Gait, in Joint Structure & Function, 2nd Ed.
Vaughan, C.L., Davis, B.L. & O'Connor, J.C. (1992).
Ch. 2, The Three-Dimensional and Cyclic Nature of
Gait, in Dynamics of Human Gait. Champaign, IL:
Human Kinetics, pgs. 7-12.
39. T 4/5 Laboratory Exam
W 4/6 Last day to withdraw with a grade of "WP" or "WF"
40. R 4/7 Gait - PAPERS DUE IN CLASS AT 9:00 A.M.
Late Penalties 0:01 to 1:00 minute 5%
1:01 to 60:00 minutes 20%
60:01 to 480:00 minutes 50%
> 480:01 minutes 100%
41. M 4/11 Running Norkin, P.K. & Levangie, P.K. (1992). Ch. 14,
Gait, in Joint Structure & Function, 2nd Ed.
McClay, I.S., Lake, M.J. & Cavanagh, P.R. (1990).
Muscle Activity in Running, in P.R. Cavanagh
(Ed.), Biomechanics of Distance Running. Champaign,
IL: Human Kinetics, pgs. 165,166,171-186.

* Kinesiology and Applied Anatomy (7th Ed.) by P.J. Rasch
# Muscles Testing and Function (4th Ed.) by F.P. Kendall, E.K.
McCreary and P.G. Provance
LECTURE OUTLINE CONTINUED
42. T 4/12 Review & Evaluations

T 4/19 FINAL EXAM 10:30 a.m. - 1:00 p.m. (COMPREHENSIVE)

************************************************** **********************************

LABORATORY OUTLINE

DATE TOPIC LOCATION

1/11 Skeletal System MSC 105

1/18 Electromyography FFH 122

1/25 Isokinetic Evaluation FFH 122

2/1 Isokinetic Evaluation FFH 122

2/8 Videotaping of Skill Activity FFH 122

2/15 Shoulder Girdle MSC 105
Shoulder Joint

2/22 Elbow Joint MSC 105
Wrist Joint

3/1 Hand MSC 105
Thumb

3/8 Hip Joint MSC 105
Thigh Musculature

3/15 Knee Joint MSC 105
Thigh Musculature

3/22 Ankle Joint MSC 105
Foot and Toes

3/29 Skill Analysis & Posture FFH 122

4/5 LAB EXAM FFH 122

4/12 Final Exam Review FFH 122

************************************************** ***********************

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

SPORTS MEDICINE 425
BIOMECHANICS of HUMAN MOVEMENT
WINTER, 1994

PROFESSOR: Michael Feltner, Ph.D.

OFFICE: Heritage Hall Hall 107

PHONE: (310) 456-4312

OFFICE HOURS: Tuesday 10:00 - 10:50 HH 107
Wednesday 8:00 - 8:50 (by appointment) HH 107
1:00 - 1:50 HH 107
Thursday 10:00 - 10:50 MSC 100
Other times by appointment. If I am not in my office (HH 107), then
check the Biomechanics/Motor Behavior Laboratory (FFH 122).

TEACHING ASSISTANT: Craig Robinson

TEXTBOOKS:

Fundamentals of Biomechanics by Ozkaya, N. & Nordin, M. (1991).
New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

be used. You also will find your Anatomy (SPME 230), Physics
(PHYS102), and Kinesiology (SPME 400) textbooks an excellent review
source, as well as any mathematics textbooks that you may have (MATH
104 or MATH 210).

PREREQUISITES: 1. SPME 400 (Functional Anatomy & Kinesiology)
2. PHYS 102 (Basic Physics I) with a grade of C- or better.

You must have completed these classes BEFORE enrolling in this course.

ATTENDANCE: Unless you have a strong quantitative background and a
thorough understanding of Newtonian Mechanics, an absence in this
course may be harmful to your grade. Therefore, I strongly suggest that
you attend every class and laboratory session.

TIME & LOCATION: Lectures are scheduled for M, W and Th from 11:00 to
11:50 am in MSC 105.

The laboratory sections will meet in FFH 122 on:
1. M from 12:00 to 2:50 PM (section .51)
2. M from 3:00 to 5:50 PM (section .52)

"MUDDIEST POINT" CARDS: At the end of each class period you may turn in
a 3" x 5" index card (make certain that your name and the date are in
the upper right-hand corner). On the card you are to respond to the
following - What was the "muddiest" point in todays lecture? (In other
words, what idea/ concept/explanation is least clear to you?). You
will be given 2-3 minutes at the end of class to complete the cards and
turn them in before you leave. I will read over the cards after every
class and return them to you at the start of the next class period.
The cards determine my starting point for the next lecture - major
points of confusion will be discussed in class and individualized

The cards are graded by being turned in on a daily basis. Therefore, if
you wish to have the muddiest point cards used to compute your final
grade in the class (see the next section), make certain that you turn
them in daily! If you have no questions, then simply write "no
question" on the card and turn it in. You MAY NOT reuse cards! Even if
the cards will not be used to compute your final grade, you may still
turn in cards on the days that you have questions.

GRADING: In the semester, you will have two exams and a final
examination. Each class builds upon the material covered in the
previous class, and thus all exams may be thought of as being
upon the other sources listed below.

PERCENTAGE
EXAM #1 19%
EXAM #2 19%
LAB ASSIGNMENTS 2%
HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENTS 2% or 2% or 0% or 0%
"MUDDIEST POINT CARDS" 2% or 0% or 2% or 0%
FINAL EXAM 6% or 8% or 8% or 10%
_______________________________________________
TOTAL 100%

the class: your homework assignments and the "muddiest point" cards.
If you choose not to do one or both of them, the percentage weight of
the Final Exam will be increased by either 2% or 4%, respectively. You
must tell me your choice by the time of the last day of class -
4/13/93.

The final grade will be assigned according to the following percentile scores:

93.5 - 100 A
90.0 - 93.49 A-
87.5 - 89.99 B+
82.5 - 87.49 B
80.0 - 82.49 B-
77.5 - 79.99 C+
72.5 - 77.49 C
70.0 - 72.49 C-
67.5 - 69.99 D+
62.5 - 67.49 D
60.0 - 62.49 D-
59.99 or below F

I reserve the right to adjust this scale downward at my own discretion.
At no point will the scale be increased or made harder.

MAKEUP EXAMS: In order to take a makeup exam, I must be notified prior
to the class in which the exam will be administered. At this time, we
will work out the necessary details. If this procedure is not followed,
you will receive a 0 (ZERO) on the exam.

WITHDRAWAL: The final date to withdraw from the class with a grade of W
is 3/2/94. The final date to withdraw from the class with a grade of WP
or WF is 4/6/94.

If you withdraw from the class, notify me immediately. You will receive
a grade of 0 for all work that is not completed until I am notified
that you have dropped the class. Any grades of 0 will be used to

INCOMPLETES: They will only be issued in the case of an extreme
emergency.

LATE ASSIGNMENTS: They will not be accepted. This includes the
Homework and Paper.

EXTRA CREDIT: There is none. No exceptions.

COURSE OUTLINE: The tentative course outline is shown on the following
page. The topics covered in class may vary from those listed;
however, the dates of the examinations and the due dates for the various
aspects of the paper/project assignment will not change!!!!

TENTATIVE LECTURE OUTLINE

1. R 1/6 Introduction Ch.1, 1-16
Cavanagh, P.R. (1990). Biomechanics a
bridge builder among the sport sciences.
Med Sci Sports Exer, 22(5), 546-557.
2. M 1/10 Calculus-Derivatives App. C, 371 - 380
3. W 1/12 Calculus-Integrals App. C, 386-390
4. R 1/13 Vector Algebra Ch. 2, 17-32
5. M 1/17 Linear Kinematics Ch. 7, 133-138
Ch. 8, 139-148; 151-153
6. W 1/19 Linear Kinematics
7. R 1/20 Uniform Motion Ch. 8, 149; 153-54
8. M 1/24 Uniformly Accelerated Motion Ch. 8,
150-151; 154-162
9. W 1/26 Application-Linear Kinematics
McDonald, C. & Dapena, J. (1991). Linear kinematics of the mens 110m
and womens 100m hurdles races. Med Sci Sports Exer, 23(12), 1382-1391
10. R 1/27 Application-Linear Kinematics Lafor
tune, M.A. (1991). Three-dimensional acceleration of the tibia during
walking and running. J. Biomechanics. 24(10), 877- 886.
11. M 1/31 Linear Kinetics Ch. 3, 33-46; Ch. 5, 72-73
12. W 2/2 Linear Kinetics Ch. 10, 189-199; Ch. 12, 239-248
13. R 2/3 Application-Linear Kinetics Harman,
E.A., Rosenstein, M.T., Frykman, P.N. & Rosenstein, R.M. (1990). The
effects of arms and countermovement on vertical jumping. Med Sci Sports
Exer, 22(6), 1825-833.
14. M 2/7 Angular Kinematics Ch. 9, 163(skip
section 9.1)-168; 176-180; 187-188
15. W 2/9 Application-Angular Kinematics Liu, Q.,
Hay, J.G. & Andrews, J.G. (1993). Body roll and handpath in freestyle
swimming: an experimental study. J. Applied Biomechanics, 9, 238-253.
16. R 2/10 Application-Angular Kinematics & Linear
McNitt-Gray, J.L., Yokoi, T. & Millward, C. Kinetics (1993). Landing
height and mat composition J. Applied Biomechanics, 9, 173-190.
17. M 2/14 Review
2/14 EXAM #1 in LAB

18. W 2/16 Angular Kinetics Ch. 4, 47-65;
Ch. 5, 91-95
19. R 2/17 Angular Kinetics Ch. 10, 200-208;
Ch. 12, 257-260
20. M2/21 Application-Angular & Linear Kinetics Elliott,
B.C., Wilson, G.J. & Kerr, G.K. (1989) A biomechanical analysis of the
sticking region in the bench press. Med Sci Sports Exer, 21(4),
450-462.
21. W 2/23 Angular Momentum Hay, J.G.,
Wilson, B.D., Dapena, J. & Woodworth, G.G. (1977). A computational
technique to determine the angular momentum of a human body. J.
Biomechanics, 10, 269-277. Dapena, J. (1978). A method to determine
the angular momentum of a human body about three orthogonal axes
passing through its center of gravity. J. Biomechanics, 11,251- 256.

22. R 2/24 Angular Momentum Herzog, W.
(1986). Maintenance of body orientation in the flight phase of long
jumping. Med Sci Sports Exer, 8(2), 231- 241.
23. M 2/28 Angular Momentum McDonald, C. &
Dapena, J. (1991). Angular momentum in the mens 110m and womens 100m
hurdles races. Med Sci Sports Exer, 23(12), 1382-1391.
24. W 3/2 Angular Momentum
Last day to withdraw with a grade of "W"
25. R 3/3 Angular Momentum Frolich, C.
(1980). The physics of somersaulting and twisting. Scientific
American, 242(3), 154-165.
3/4 FACULTY CONFERENCE
26. M 3/7 Angular Momentum Dapena, J.
(1980). Mechanics of rotation in the fosbury-flop. Med Sci Sports Exer,
12 (1), 45-53.
27. W 3/9 Angular Momentum
28. R 3/10 Inverse Dynamics Ch. 10, 208-213
Andrews, J.G. (1974). Biomechanical
analysis of human motion. Kinesiology IV. Washington, DC: AAHPER.
Andrews, J.G. (1982). On the relationship between resultant joint
torques and muscular activity. Med Sci Sports Exer, 14 (5), 361-367.
29. M 3/14 Inverse Dynamics
30. W 3/15 Statics Ch. 5, 67-76; 81-88; 91-95
31. R 3/17 Inverse Dynamics Mann, R.V.
(1981). A kinetic analysis of sprinting. Med Sci Sports Exer, 13 (5),
325-328.
32. M 3/21 Review
3/21 EXAM #2 in LAB

33. W 3/23 Application - Inverse Dynamics Bobbert,
M.F., Yeadon, M.R. & Nigg, B.N. (1992). Mechanical analysis of the
landing phase in heel-toe running. J. Biomechanics. 25(3), 223-234.
34. R 3/24 Application - Inverse Dynamics Lander,
J.E., Simonton, R.L. & Giacobbe, J.K.F. (1990). The effectiveness of
weight- belts during the squat exercise. Med Sci Sports Exer, 22 (1),
117-126.
35. M 3/28 Application - Inverse Dynamics Feltner,
M. & Dapena, J. (1986). Dynamics of the shoulder and elbow joints of
the throwing arm during a baseball pitch. Int. J. Sport Biomechanics,
2, 235-259.
36. W 3/30 Application - Inverse Dynamics
37. R 3/31 In Vivo Force Measurements Komi,
P.V. (1992). Relevance of in vivo force measurements to human
biomechanics. J. Biomechanics. 23(Suppl. 1), 23-34.
38. M 4/4 Work & Energy Ch. 11, 215-236
39. W 4/6 Pole Vault - Energy Considerations
Hay, J.G. (1985). The Biomechanics of Sports Techniques, 3rd Ed.
Prentice-Hall: Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 456-474.
Last day to withdraw with a grade of "WP" or "WF"
40. R 4/7 Fluid Mechanics Hay, J.G. (1985). The
Biomechanics of Sports Techniques, 3rd Ed. Prentice-Hall: Englewood
Cliffs, NJ, 169-187.
4/8 Final Draft of Paper Due @ 11 a.m.
41. M 4/11 Fluid Mechanics To be announced
42. W 4/13 Review & Evaluations

F 4/15 FINAL EXAM 10:30 a.m. - 1:00 pm

TENTATIVE LABORATORY OUTLINE

DATE TOPIC

1/10 Project/Paper Discussion
1/17 Microcomputer/Video Analysis System
1/24 Videography & Data Capture
1/31 Computer Graphics & Data Printout
2/7 Force Plate - Jumping
2/14 EXAM #1
2/21 Force Plate - Running
2/28 Force Plate - Center of Pressure
3/7 Project
3/14 Project
3/21 EXAM #2
3/28 Project
4/4 Presentations
4/11 DEAD WEEK - Final Exam Review

Michael Feltner

Dept. of Sports Medicine & Physical Ed.
Pepperdine University
Malibu, CA 90263 USA

mfeltner@pepperdine.edu
(Office) 310 456-4312
(FAX) 310 456-4426

--------------------------------------------------------------------------
H P 2306 KINESIOLOGY
FALL 1994

INSTRUCTOR: Duane Knudson, Ph.D.
OFFICE 118 Marrs McLean Gymnasium
PHONE: 755-3505
OFFICE HOURS: 10:00 MWF, 9:00 TR, and by appointment

COURSE DESCRIPTION:

The study of human movement based on the sciences of functional anatomy,
mechanics, and neuromuscular control. The in-depth biomechanical
analysis of human movement provides an understanding of how movement is
created and how to qualitatively analyze (diagnose and correct) motor
skills and exercises.

PREREQUISITE:

PED 1420 Human Anatomy

TEXT:

Hall, S. J. (1991). Basic Biomechanics. Mosby - Year Book: St. Louis.

COURSE GOALS:

To provide an understanding of how the human body and external forces
create human movement.

To provide biomechanical knowledge essential to the systematic analysis
of motor skills and exercise programs.

To provide experience in applying biomechanical knowledge in the analysis
of human movement in clinical and educational environments.

COURSE OBJECTIVES:

Demonstrate knowledge of how skeletal and muscle architecture interact to
create the forces and torques required for human movement.

Demonstrate knowledge of muscle mechanical characteristics and how they
are related to the coordination of human movement.

Demonstrate knowledge of the neuromuscular control of muscle force and
movement.

Demonstrate knowledge of kinematic variables in human movement, and to
apply kinematics in analyzing human movement.

Demonstrate knowledge of kinetics, and to apply principles of kinetics to
analyzing human movement.

Identify methods of qualitative and quantitative analysis in
biomechanics.

Apply the principles of biomechanics in the qualitative analysis of
several fundamental movement patterns.

Complete a term project that synthesizes and critically evaluates the
professional and research literature on an issue related to the
biomechanics of human movement.

COURSE EVALUATION:

3 Exams 60%
Term Project 30%
Personal Merit 10%

Letter grades will be assigned based on the university scale. The
Baylor attendance policy (no passing grade for more than 25%
absences) will be enforced. It is very important that you attend
class and absences around 0% are expected. Three or fewer absences
will have no or even a positive effect on your grade. Four to seven
eight to eleven will cause one full 10% reduction in your final
grade. The personal merit evaluation will be based on homework,
attendance, and class participation (questions posed and questions
Make-up work is available with PRIOR arrangements with the
instructor.
A = 90 - 100%
B+ = 87 - 89%
B = 80 - 86%
C+ = 77 - 79%
C = 70 - 76%
D = 60 - 69%

It is also very important that you keep up with the readings in the
text. The text is easy to understand and provides excellent examples
and diagrams that supplement the lecture material. Examples and
exercises from the text are often very similar to problems used in
exam questions.

The project can be a term paper, oral class presentation, research
report, or any assignment approved by the instructor. The project
allows the student to do in-depth study on a biomechanical topic of
personal interest. This assignment also provides an opportunity for
the student to demonstrate an integration of the many areas of
knowledge that comprise biomechanics. A strong project can be very
helpful in diminishing the impact of a poor performance on an
examination. The term project will be due December 2nd at the
beginning of class. The project will be graded based on the
following criteria and weightings: Comprehensive Review of the
Literature (30%), Synthesis and Summary of the Literature Reviewed
(30%), Adherence to the Format (20%), and Writing and Paper
Presentation (20%).

Chapter(s) Pages
Introduction to Biomechanics/Kinesiology 1 1 - 21
Basic Terminology and Mechanical Concepts 2 22 - 59

Anatomical Bases:
Skeletal Architecture 3 60 - 85
5 122 - 143
Muscle Mechanics & Neuromuscular Control
4 86 - 121

Biomechanical Bases:
Kinematics (Motion Description)
Linear Kinematics 9 252 - 287
Angular Kinematics 10 288 - 315

Kinetics (Causes of Motion)
Linear Kinetics (Force & Newton's Laws)
11 316 - 349
Angular Kinetics (Stability & CG)
12-13 350 - 415
Fluid Mechanics (Swimming & Projectiles)
14 416 - 447

Biomechanical and Qualitative Analysis: 15 448 - 471
Exam 3 (December 14th, 8:00
a.m.)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
>From jshih@scs.unr.edu Mon Sep 12 15:25:42 1994

Enclosed you will find the syllabus I used at University of Nevada, Reno.
I am also very interested in the survey you conduct. Please let me the

College of Human and Community Sciences
Department of Recreation, Physical Education and Dance

Course RPED 403 Kinesiology

Instructor
Jiping Shih, Ph. D. Tel: (O) 784-4041 E-mail: jshih@scs.unr.edu
210 LR (Lombardi Recreation Building)

Purpose of the Course
To develop a fundamental understanding of the anatomical, neuromuscular,
and biomechanical principles of human movement. Application of these
concepts as well as methods of motion analysis covered in this course,
will enable one to evaluate human performance in greater detail.

Week Chapter in Text

1st 1
Part I
2nd 2
3rd 2 (Analysis I)
4th 3
5th 4,5
6th 6,7
7th 8
8th (Exam I); 9,10
Part II
9th 9,10
10th 9,10
11th 13 (Analysis II)
12th 13
13th 11
14th 11
15th 12
16th 12 (Exam II)

Course Content

I. Introduction and Orientation
1) Forms of Motion.
2) Reference Planes and Axes of the Human Body.

II. Applied Anatomy and Neuromuscular Function
1) Skeletal and muscular systems:
Joints and Movements, Bones and Muscles.
2) Neuromuscular Function:
Reflexes and Applications in Human Movement.

III. Basic Mechanics
1) Terminology: Kinesiology, Biomechanics...
2) Vectors and Scalar.

IV. Linear and Angular Kinematics
1) Linear Kinematics.
2) Angular Kinematics.
3) Film and Video Analyses.
4) Projectile Motion.

V. Static
1) Center of Gravity
2) Stability and Equilibrium.
3) The Lever.

VI. Linear and Angular Kinetics
1) Newton's three Laws.
2) Work Power and Energy.
3) Friction and Collision
4) Rotation in Kinetics.

VII. Fluid Mechanics
1) Aerodynamics.
2) Magnus Effect.

Textbook

1. Luttgens, K., H. Deutsch and N. Hamilton, Kinesiology: Scientific
Basis of Human Motion (8th Edition), Dubuque: W.C. Brown Communications,
Inc. 1992.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

>From jchow@ux1.cso.uiuc.edu Tue Sep 13 15:17:37 1994
The following is the syllabus of the course I teach. I have deleted
the grading policy, etc. You can ignore those numbers (page numbers
for assigned readings) inside the square brackets.

KINES 255 Biomechanical Analysis of Human Movement (3 hrs.)
Course Information

Lecture: 9:00 -- 9:50 a.m., Mon & Wed, 384 Armory

Laboratory/Discussion: Group 1 9:00 -- 10:50 a.m. Tue 130/241 Freer
Group 2 12:00 noon -- 1:50 p.m. Tue 121A/241 Freer
Group 3 2:00 -- 3:50 p.m. Tue 121A/241 Freer

Instructor: John Chow, 241D Freer

Prerequsites: 1. CSB 234 Functional Human Anatomy (3 hrs.)
2. PHYSL 103 Introduction to Human Physiology (4 hrs.)
3. MATH 112 Algebra (3 hrs.)

Textbook: Hay, J.G. and J.G. Reid (1988) Anatomy, Mechanics, and Human
Motion (2nd ed.) Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Course Purpose: To introduce (i) the biological and mechanical
principles of human motion and (ii) the analyses of selected movement
skills.

Monday Wednesday Lab/Dis (Mon/Tue)

8/28 Orientation/Introduction 8/31 Spatial
Terms Algebra (Review) [1-2; T1-7] [5-13]

9/5 Labor Day -- no class 9/7 Form of motion No lab/dis
Linear Kinematics
[109-120]

9/12 Vector & scalars 9/14 Projectile motion Trigonometry
Uniformly acc. motion [124-132; T31-43] [T515-519]
[120-124; T22-31]

9/19 Projectile motion 9/21 Angular kinematics
1. Projectile motion (1) [137-141]

9/26 Linear Kinetics 9/28 Linear kinetics
2. Projectile motion (2)
[143-147] [147-154]

10/3 Direct impact
10/5 Oblique impact (no spin)
3. Linear kinetics
[156-162] [T86-93]

10/10 Oblique impact (spin)
10/12 Mid-term exam
4. Elastic impact
[162-169]

10/17 Angular kinetics
10/19 Center of gravity Dis -- exam solution
[179-186] [186-200]

10/24 Angular kinetics
10/26 Fluid mechanics
5. Center of gravity
[201-213] [220-232]

10/31 Fluid mechanics
11/2 Muscle mechanics Mannikin assignment
[N60-172]

11/7 Locomotion
11/9 Locomotion
6. Locomotion
[T396-402] [T406-413]

11/14 Jumping/Landing
11/16 Jumping/Landing
7. Jumping
[N200-206] [T424-433, 440-452]

11/21 Throwing/Catching
11/23 Rotations in the air
8. Throwing
[T202-214] [T161-168]

11/28 Swimming
11/30 Qualitative analysis
9. Angular momentum
[T345-359] [235-255]

12/5 Qualitative analysis
12/7 Course review &
10. Demo: Qual. analysis
[256-274] evaluation

Supplementary Textbooks (Reserve Section, ALS Library)

T Hay, J.G (1993) The Biomechanics of Sports Techniques (4th ed.)
Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

N Enoka, R.M. (1988) Neuromechanical Basis of Kinesiology Champaign,
IL: Human Kinetics.

John Chow tel:(217)244-3987
Department of Kinesiology fax:(217)244-7322
241D Louise Freer Hall e-mail:jchow@ux1.cso.uiuc.edu
960 S. Goodwin Ave., MC-052
Univ. of Illinois at Urbana/Champaign
Urbana, IL 61801
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

>From CTRN@aol.com Tue Sep 13 23:08:30 1994

P.E. 350: KINESIOLOGY FRESNO PACIFIC COLLEGE
Tentative Schedule Bill Cockerham, Instructor
FALL 1994 453-2294 (school) or 456-0535 (home)

Date Topic Text Assignment Project Due
Aug. 29 Introduction
31 Critical Thinging Chapter 1
Sept. 2 Problem Solvling Appendix A

5 Labor Day
7 Terminology Appendix B Movement Selection (5)
9 Basic Concepts Chapter 2

12 Vectors Chapter 2
14 Movement Analysis Chapter 15 Movement Description (10)
16 Biomechanics Research Chapter 15

19 Exam I
21 Bone Function Chapter 3
23 Bone Structure Chapter 3

26 Muscle Properties Chapter 4 Literature Review (30)
28 Muscle Organization Chapter 4
30 Muscle Mechanics Chapter 4

Oct. 3 Joint Architecture Chapter 5 Drawings & ROM (25)
5 Joint Flexibility Chapter 5
7 Exam II

10 Shoulder Biomechanics Chapter 6
12 Elbow Biomechanics Chapter 6 Anat. Analysis-Skeletal (15)
14 Wrist & Hand Biomech. Chapter 6

17 Hip Biomechanics Chapter 7
19 Knee Biomechanics Chapter 7
21 Mid-Term Break

24 Ankle & Foot Biomech. Chapter 7
26 Spine Biomechanics Chapter 8
28 Pelvis Biomechanics Chapter 8

31 Muscles of Back & Neck Chapter 8
Nov. 2 Exam III
4 Linear Kinematics Chapter 9

7 Projectiles Chapter 9 Anat. Analysis-Muscle (40)
9 Constant Acceleration Chapter 9
11 Angles Chapter 10

14 Angular Kinematics I Chapter 10
16 Angular Kinematics II Chapter 10
18 Exam IV
21 Newton's Laws Chapter 11
23 Bodies in Contact Chapter 11 Mechanical Principles (20)
25 Thanksgiving Break

28 Work, Power, Energy Chapter 11
30 Equilibrium Chapter 12
Dec. 2 Center of Gravity Chapter 12 Teaching Points (15)

5 Stability & Balance Chapter 12
7 Angular Kinetics Chapter 13
9 Centripetal/Centrifugal Chapter 13

12 Exam V 9:00 a.m. Final Project Due (40)

Physical Education 350: KINESIOLOGY - Course Outline

1. Catalog Description
Bio-mechanics of human movement and the mechanical and muscular analysis
of movement patterns. The course is designed for P.E. majors. The class
meets
on Monday, Wednesday, Friday from 8:00 to 9:05 a.m. in room 807.
Prerequisite:
Biology 65, Human Anatomy.

2. Textbook
Hall, Susan, Basic Biomechanics, Mosby, 1991..

3. Expectations and Objectives
1. To gain an understanding of the anatomical and mechanical fundamentals
of human motion.
2. To be able to scientifically analyze human motion.
3. To be able to apply anatomical and mechanical analysis to the learning
and improvement of a broad spectrum of movement activities.

4. Methods of Evaluating Objectives
Unit Exams (5 at 100 points) 500 points
Term Project 200 points
Assignments (inclass, homework, labs, groups) approx.300 points
______________________
Total = approx. 1,000 points