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Xudong Zhang
10-02-2000, 12:42 PM
Dear Subscribers:

I just realized that I still owe you a summary.
Here is a list of references related to the age effect on shoulder strength:

1) Andrews, A. W., Thomas, M. W., and Bohannon, R. W. 1996, Normative values
for isometric muscle force measurements obtained with hand-held
dynamometers, Phys Ther, 76, 248-59.
2) Hughes, R.E., Johnson, M.E., O'Driscoll, S.W., and An K-N (1999) Normative
values of agonist-antagonist shoulder strength ratios of adults aged 20 to
78 years. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 80: 1324-1326.
3) Hughes, R.E., Johnson, M.E., O'Driscoll, S.W., and An, K-N (1999)
Age-related changes in normal isometric shoulder strength. American
Journal of Sports Medicine 27: 651-657.
4) Murray MP, Gore DR, Gardner M, Mollinger LA (1985) Shoulder motion and
muscle strength of normal men and women in two age groups. Clin
Orthop, 192:268-273.
5) Kuhlman JR, Iannoti JP, Kelly MJ et al. (1992) Isokinetic and
isometric strength of external rotation and abduction of the
shoulder. J Bone Joint Surg [Am], 74A(9):1320-1333.
6) Rice, C. L., Cunningham, D. A., Paterson, D. H., and Rechnitzer, P. A. 1989,
Strength in an elderly population, Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 70, 391-7.

Thanks to Carolyn Anglin, Simon Hsiang, and Richard Hughes who
responded my inquiry and provided the above references.

Enjoy Biomch-L!

Xudong Zhang
Assistant Professor
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
223 MEB, MC-244
1206 West Green Street
Urbana, IL 61801
Voice: 217-265-8031
Fax: 217-244-6534

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