View Full Version : Re: Position of knee axis and estimates of knee moments

12-03-2000, 04:27 PM
Hi all,

Thanks to all who replied to my request. It was great to get such a rapid
response. My original posting was

> I have been searching high and low in many literature data bases but have
> come up with nothing. I remember a paper(s) (journal or conference) that
> examined the effect of position of the knee axis in sagittal plane on the
> inverse dynamic estimates of the knee moments. Does any know of paper(s)
> that look at this? Thanks in advance and I will post results on Biomech-l.

The following people replied, listed in no particular order

Vasilios Baltzopoulos PhD
Mark Johnson PhD
Jeff Houck, PhD, PT
Charanpreet Bagga
Rita Stagni
Steven McCaw PhD
Glenn S. Fleisig Ph.D
Mitchell Cordova, PhD
Mark Sommers PhD
Sam Ward
Akinori Nagano MSc
Max Hely
Bob Marshall PhD.
Peter Sinclair
Gordon Hamilton PhD

The paper I was after was

Holden, J. P., Stanhope, S. J. The Effect of Variation in the Knee Center
Location Estimates on Net Knee Moments. Gait & Posture 1998; 7:1-6.

However, some other very good articles were also suggested, and I have
found some other papers as well. These have been and will be very useful in
assessing the accuracy of the inverse dynamic method. These are

Herzog W. (1988) The relation between the resultant moments at a joint and
the moments measured by an isokinetic dynamometer, J. Biomechanics, 21(1),

Nissan, M. (1980). Review of some basic assumptions in knee biomechanics.
J. Biomechanics 13, 375-381.

Pearsall DJ. Costigan PA. The effect of segment parameter error on gait
analysis results. Gait & Posture. 9(3):173-83, 1999 Jul.

McCaw, S.T. & DeVita, P. (1995). Errors in alignment of center of pressure
and foot coordinates affect predicted lower extremity torques. J.
Biomechanics, 28:8:985-988.

Fioretti, S., Cappozzo, A., Lucchetti, L., 1997. Joint Kinematics. In:
Allard, P., Cappozzo, A., Lundberg, A., Vaughan, C. (Eds.).
Three-dimensional Analysis of Human Locomotion, Wiley, New York,pp. 173-189.

Cappozzo, A., 1986. Human skeketal system loading patterns associated
with activities of daily living. In: P. Christel, A. Meunier and A.J.C.
Lee (Eds.), Biological and Biomechanical Performance of Biomaterials.
Amsterdam, pp. 429-440.

Zheng N, Fleisig GS, Escamilla RF, Barrentine SW. An analytical model
of the knee for estimation of internal forces during exercises. Journal
of Biomechanics 31(10):963-967, 1998.

Hollister AM. Jatana S. Singh AK. Sullivan WW. Lupichuk AG. The axes of
rotation of the knee. Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research.
(290):259-68, 1993 May.

Churchill DL. Incavo SJ. Johnson CC. Beynnon BD. The transepicondylar axis
approximates the optimal flexion axis of the knee. Clinical Orthopaedics &
Related Research. (356):111-8, 1998 Nov.

Nagano A, Gerritsen KG, Fukashiro S. A sensitivity analysis of the
calculation of mechanical output through inverse dynamics: a computer
simulation study. J Biomech. 2000 Oct;33(10):1313-8.

Marshall, R.N., Mazur, S.M. and Taylor, N.A.S. Three dimensional surfaces
for human muscle kinetics. European Journal of Applied Physiology and
Occupational Physiology 61: 263-270, 1990.

Thanks again to all those who replied.

David Lloyd PhD
Senior Lecturer - Biomechanics Group
Department of Human Movement and Exercise Science
University of Western Australia
35 Stirling Highway
Phone: +61 8 9380 3919
Fax: +61 8 9380 1039
Email: dlloyd@cyllene.uwa.edu.au

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