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Jean-philippe Lepoutre
03-05-2001, 06:25 PM
TURNING GAIT


[1] C. Cao, J. A. Ashton-Miller, A. B. Schultz,
and N. B. Alexander, “Abilities to turn suddenly while
walking: effects of age,gender, and available response
time,” Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences, vol.
52A, pp. M88-M93, 1997.

[2] C. Cao, A. B. Schultz, J. A. Ashton-Miller,
and N. B. Alexander, “Sudden turns while walking:
kinetic sources of age and gender differences,” Gait
and Posture, vol. 7, pp. 45-52, 1998.

[3] C. R. Gordon, W. A. Fletcher, and G.
Melvill-Jones, “Adaptive plasticity in the control of
locomotor trajectory,” Experimental Brain Research,
vol. 102, pp. 540-5445, 1995.

To the best of my knowledge, the only relevant
references at
present are those by Aftab Patla. The first (1991) of
these
examined the kinetics of sudden 30 or 60 degrees
turns during
walking at preferred speed. The second study (1999)
looked at
some kinematic factors during 20, 40 and 60 degree
turns and
compared them when subjects had short or long notice
of the turn.
Hase and Stein have also described the strategies used
to make
sudden 180deg during walking and there are a few
studies
comparing the kinetics of sudden turns to those of
initiating and
stopping walking.

Get the Book: Human Walking by Vern Inman

An entire chapter is devoted to Kinematics and is very
help full.

Taper dans biomed ou medline les auteurs suivant :
Patla
Grasso R
Glasauer S
Solomon D

Look in PubMed at A.Patla and M. Rand.

Kafkafi.N.,Golani.I.
“A traveling wave of lateral movement coordinates both
turning and forward walking in the ferret”, Biol
Cybern, 1998 jun; 78(6):pp441-453



Domenici.P., Jamon. M.,Clarac.F.
“Curve walking in freely moving crayfish”,
J. Exp. Biol., 1998 May; 201 (Pt9):1315-29

Takei Y., Grasso.R., Berthoz.A.,
“Quantitative analysis of human walking trajectory on
a circular path in darkness”
Brain Res. Bull.,1996; 40(5-6):491-6

Rieser JJ, Pick Jr, Ashmead DH, Garing AE
“Calibration of human locomotion and models of
perceptual-motor organization”
J. Exp. Psychol. Hum. Percept. Perform, 1995 Jun; 21
(3): 480-97

Hase K, Stein RB,
“Turning strategies during human walking “
J. Neurophysiol, 1999 Jun; 81(6): 2914-22

Hase K., Stein RB.,
“Stopping and turning during human walking”
Prog. Brain Res., 1999; 123: 445-53

Baumann JU., Schar A., Meier G.,
“Forces and turning moments of hip and knee joints in
locomotion”
Orthopade, 1992 Feb; 21(1): 29-34

Imms FJ, Edholm OG,
“Studies of gait and mobility in the elderly”
Age Ageing 1981 Aug; 10(3): 147-56

Hughes J., Jacobs N.,
“Normal human locomotion”
Prosthet. Orthot. Int., 1979 Apr; 3(1): 4-12


Sincerely,
lepoutre jp


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