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Jesse Wobrock
04-27-2003, 12:28 AM
Here is a summary of responses to my query:

Dear Colleagues,

I am looking for suggestions regarding the best single reference for
injury tolerance values in humans. It is a broad topic, including many
different anatomical structures and injury mechanisms, and there are
many smaller references available in different places but I am hoping to
identify a reference book which, in your opinion, is the single most
comprehensive source. Thank you.

Jesse Wobrock, jjwobrock@comcast.net

Summary:

Yamada's Strength of Biological Materials and McElhaney's Handbook of
Human Tolerance are both excellent sources for a wide variety of human
tolerance values. However, some of that research has been superceded by
the more recent literature.



I've referenced "Accidental Injury" by Nahum and Melvin a

lot. I've seen others do the same, and it's a pretty comprehensive,
whole body reference. However, the 1993 copy I have is probably somewhat
dated. I just use it for ballpark estimates and then follow up on more
specific and recent literature for the region of interest (e.g. shoulder
or femur).

As you are probably aware, injury tolerance

values are quite dependent on specimen preparation

techniques. For example, some of the older results

relied on cadaver or dried and rehydrated specimens,

practices which are no longer in use today and which significantly
affect a number of biological tissue properties.



The sources that I have found to be useful would include:

Alan Nahum's book, "Accidental Injury: Biomechanics & Prevention."

James McElhaney's book, "Handbook of Human Tolerance"

SAE J885.

Yamada's book, "Strength of Human Tissues" is often quoted, but I have
not been able to get a copy of it. If any readers are aware of how this
reference could be purchased, please let me know.


* King A I. Fundamentals of impact biomechanics: part 1 -
biomechanics of the head, neck and thorax. Annu. Rev. Biomed. Eng.
2:55-81 (2000).

* King A I. Fundamental of impact biomechanics: part 2 -
biomechanics of the abdomen, pelvis and lower extremities. Annu. Rev.
Biomed. Eng. 3:27-55 (2001).

* Eppinger R, Sun E and Kuppa S. Supplement: development of
improved injury criteria for the assessment of advanced automotive
restraint systems - II. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration,
USA, 2000.

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