View Full Version : BIBLIOGRAPHY: Backpack Injuries Revisited: Some SelectedCitations of Recent Vintage

David P. Dillard
08-13-2003, 05:06 AM
Subject: BIBLIOGRAPHY: Backpack Injuries Revisited: Some Selected
Citations of Recent Vintage

Some years ago I posted a message about backpacks and back injuries that
had a few citations to published articles on this topic. I have been
asked if there is anything out there more recently published on this
subject. Actually there is a good deal that has been published regarding
this issue and these articles have been selected to be present in this
update of my earlier post.

Original Backpack Injury Post

New List of Article Citations Regarding Backpack Injuries:

Wall, Eric J. MD *. Foad, Susan L. MPH *. Spears, John DO +. Backpacks and
Back Pain: Where's the Epidemic? Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics.
23(4):437-439, July/August 2003.

Sheir-Neiss, Geraldine I. PhD *. Kruse, Richard W. DO +. Rahman, Tariq PhD
*. Jacobson, Lisa P. ScD ++. Pelli, Jennifer A. MS *. The Association of
Backpack Use and Back Pain in Adolescents. Spine. 28(9):922-930, May 1,

WEARING BACKPACKS. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 35(5)
Supplement 1:S21, May 2003.

Children and Backpack Injuries. Nurse Practitioner. 28(5):57, May 2003.

Mackenzie, William G. MD. Sampath, Jayanth S. MD. Kruse, Richard W. DO.
Sheir-Neiss, Geraldine J. PhD. Backpacks in Children. Clinical
Orthopaedics & Related Research. 1(409):78-84, April 2003.

Forjuoh, Samuel N. MB, ChB, DrPH. Lane, Bryan L. DO. Schuchmann, John A.
MD. Percentage of Body Weight Carried by Students in Their School
Backpacks. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation.
82(4):261-266, April 2003.

Most backpack injuries in children do not affect back. Nursing Standard.
17(23):10, February 19, 2003.

Mehta, Trupti B. PT, MS. Thorpe, Deborah E. PhD, PT, PCS. Freburger, Janet
K. PhD, PT. Development of a Survey to Assess Backpack Use and Neck and
Back Pain in Seventh and Eighth Graders. Pediatric Physical Therapy.
14(4):171-184, Winter 2002.

Goodgold, Shelley ScD, PT. Corcoran, Moira DPT, MSPT. Gamache, Diana MSPT.
Gillis, Jennifer MSPT. Guerin, Jennifer MSPT. Coyle, Jennifer Quinn MSPT.
Backpack Use in Children. Pediatric Physical Therapy. 14(3):122-131, Fall

LaFiandra, M E. 1. Harman, E A. 1. Prykman, P N. 1. Pandorf, C E. 1. WHAT
Science in Sports & Exercise. 34(5) Supplement 1:S159, May 2002.

Negrini, Stefano MD. Carabalona, Roberta DIPEng. Backpacks on!
Schoolchildren's Perceptions of Load, Associations With Back Pain and
Factors Determining the Load. Spine. 27(2):187-195, January 15, 2002.

Chansirinukor, Wunpen 1. Wilson, Dianne 2. Grimmer, Karen 2. Dansie,
Brenton 2. Effects of backpacks on students: Measurement of cervical and
shoulder posture. Australian Journal of Physiotherapy. 47(2):110-116,

Veicsteinas, A 1. Merati, G 1. Negrini, S 1. EFFECT OF SCHOOL BACKPACK ON
IN CHILDREN. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 33(5) Supplement
1:S35, May 2001.

KNIGHT, CHRISTOPHER A.. CALDWELL, GRAHAM E.. Muscular and metabolic costs
of uphill backpacking: are hiking poles beneficial? Medicine & Science in
Sports & Exercise. 32(12):2093-2101, December 2000.

Carabalona, Roberta. Sibilla, Paolo. Backpack as a daily load for
schoolchildren. Lancet. 354(9194):1974, December 4, 1999.

Grimmer, Karen A. PhD. Williams, Marie T. PhD. Gill, Tiffany K. M App Sc.
The Associations Between Adolescent Head-on-Neck Posture, Backpack Weight,
and Anthropometric Features. Spine. 24(21):2262, November 1, 1999.

Mehta TB. Thorpe DE. Freburger JK. Development of a survey to assess
backpack use and neck and back pain in seventh and eight graders.
Pediatric Physical Therapy. 14(4):171-84, 2002 Winter.

Nelson C. No evidence that backpacks cause childhood back pain.
Backletter. 17(9):98, 2002 Sep.

Goodgold S. Corcoran M. Gamache D. Gillis J. Guerin J. Coyle JQ. Backpack
use in children. Pediatric Physical Therapy. 14(3):122-31, 2002 Fall.

Negrini S. Isokinetic assessment in schoolchildren with low back pain.
Isokinetics & Exercise Science. 8(4):203-12, 2000.

Goodgold S. Mohr K. Samant A. Parke T. Burns T. Gardner L. Effects of
backpack load and task demand on trunk forward lean: pilot findings on two
boys. Work. 18(3):213-20, 2002.

Negrini S. Carabalona R. Backpacks on! Schoolchildren's perceptions of
load, associations with back pain and factors determining the load.
Spine. 27(2):187-95, 2002 Jan 15.

LaFiandra ME. The effects of carrying a backpack on trunk dynamics during
walking. Boston University ** Sc.D. (102 p) 2001.

Hamilton A. Sounding board. Prevention of injuries from improper backpack
use in children. Work. 16(2):177-9, 2001.

Mackenzie WG. Sampath JS. Kruse RW. Sheir-Neiss GJ. Backpacks in children.
Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research. (409):78-84, 2003 Apr.

Shoaib A. Mehraj Q. Jepson F. Injuries of the sterno-clavicular joint in
backpackers. Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps. 148(3):267-9, 2002

Wiersema BM. Wall EJ. Foad SL. Acute backpack injuries in children.
Pediatrics. 111(1):163-6, 2003 Jan.

Negrini S. Carabalona R. Backpacks on! Schoolchildren's perceptions of
load, associations with back pain and factors determining the load.
Spine. 27(2):187-95, 2002 Jan 15.

Guyer RL. Backpack = back pain. American Journal of Public Health.
91(1):16-9, 2001 Jan.

Grimmer K. Williams M. Gender-age environmental associates of adolescent
low back pain. Applied Ergonomics. 31(4):343-60, 2000 Aug.

Pascoe DD. Pascoe DE. Wang YT. Shim DM. Kim CK. Influence of carrying book
bags on gait cycle and posture of youths. Ergonomics. 40(6):631-41, 1997

Negrini, S. Isokinetic assessment in schoolchildren with low back pain.
Isokinetics and exercise science 8(4), 2000, 203-212

Backpacks may not cause kids's back pain. Sports medicine digest 24(9),
Sept 2002, 108

Iyer, S.R. Backpacks and musculoskeletal pain: do children with idiopathic
scoliosis face a greater risk? Journal of school health 72(7), Sept 2002,

Avoiding the backpack blues. A child shouldn't carry more than 10% - 15%
percent of his or her body weight between the backpack itself and its
contents, depending on the child's level of fitness and own weight.
PT -- Magazine of physical therapy 9(9 Suppl), 2001, 17

Nickens, T.E. Oh, my achin'... What better way to get a backache than to
strap 40 pounds to your spine? Here's how to avoid trouble. Backpacker
27(6), Aug 1999, 23-24;26

Schoolchildren and backpacks.
Author: Iyer, Shruti R.
Source: The Journal of School Health v. 71 no. 3 March 2001 p. 88

Lugging heavy backpacks hurts children, study says.
Author: Galley, Michelle.
Source: Education Week v. 20 no. 23 February 21, 2001 p. 5

Comparison of hiking stick use on lateral stability while balancing with
and without a load.
Author: Jacobson, Bert H.; Caldwell, Bryan.; Kulling, Frank A.
Source: Perceptual and Motor Skills v. 85 August 1997 p. 347-350

Injury prevention
Author: Finnegan, Maureen A.
Publication: Hagerstown, MD : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2003

The effects of backpack load on reports of low back pain in school aged
Author: Boh, Benjamin.; Casasanta, Marianne., and others
Publication: 2001
Document: English : Book : Thesis/dissertation/manuscript

A survey on backpack carriage and the occurrence of neck and/or back pain
in 7th and 8th grade school children
Author: Mehta, Trupti B.
Publication: 2001
Document: English : Book : Thesis/dissertation/manuscript

Are K-12 students at risk of back injuries due to overloaded backpacks?
Author: Hamilton, Renee.
Publication: 2001
Document: English : Book : Thesis/dissertation/manuscript

Backpack Injuries and Pain: Behind the Headlines

Getting Hurt by a BackpackIt May Not Be What You Think

Preventing kids' injuries from heavy backpacks
By Jim Dryden


Are Backpacks Making Our Children Beasts of Burden?

I hope those who receive this bibliography and the web links that follow
the bibliography will find this post to be useful.

David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584

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