View Full Version : question of measurement on grass

Del Wong
11-27-2003, 05:35 PM
Dear all,

i am recently involve in a project studying the protective functions of soccer shoe. I reviewed some literatures (please see the reference list) and found that most researchers place the grass on top of the force platform in order to measure the shear force.
I have two questions: 1) how to secure the grass on the force plateform; 2) will the soil layer absorb the force and so using force platform would not be a accurate method?

Would anyone of you please tell me or direct me to appropriate literatures? and i will post the summary.

Ekstrand, J., & Nigg, B. M. (1989). Surface-related injuries in soccer. Sports Medicine, 8(1), 56-62.
Nigg, B. M., & Segesser, B. (1988). The influence of playing surfaces on the load on the locomotor system and on football and tennis injuries. Sports Medicine, 5, 375-385.

Smith, N., Dyson, R., & Hale, T. (2002). The effects of sole configuration on ground reaction force measured on natural turf during soccer specific actions. In W. Spinks & T. Reilly & A. Murphy (Eds.), Science and Football IV (pp. 44-49). London, UK: Routledge.

Torg, J. S., & Quedenfeld, T. (1974). Effect of shoe type and cleat length on incidence and severity of knee injuries among high school football players. Research Quarterly, 42(2), 203-211.

Torg, J. S., Quedenfeld, T. C., & Landau, S. (1974). The shoe-surface interface and its relationship to football knee injuries. Journal of Sport Medicine, 2(5), 261-269.

Valiant, G. A. (1987). Ground reaction forces developed of artificial turf. In T. Reilly & A. Lees & K. Davids & W. J. Murphy (Eds.), Science and football (pp. 406-415). Liverpool, UK: E. & F. N. Spon.

Heidt, R. S. J., Dormer, S. G., Cawley, P. W., Scranton, P. E. J., Losse, G., & Howard, M. (1996). Differences in friction and torsional resistance in athletic shoe-turf surface interfaces. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 24(6), 834-842.

Barry, E. B., & Milburn, P. D. (2002). The traction of football boots. In W. Spinks & T. Reilly & A. Murphy (Eds.), Science and Football IV (pp. 3-7). London, UK: Routledge.



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