View Full Version : summary: non magnetic bone pins

Sarah Hummel
12-22-2003, 01:41 AM
The original posting is below, followed by the responses


Has anyone used, or have knowledge of types and suppliers of
intracortical (bone) pins that are non-magnetic, such as perhaps

This is for a project where a reflective marker triad set will be
attached to bone pins for motion tracking and MRI's may potentially be


Sarah Hummel

Steadman Hawkins Sports Medicine Foundation


Please visit www.amtbe.com for further information.


AMS World Services

rue de la Nethen 14, Beauvechain

1320 Belgium

tel +32 478 296969, fax +32 10 862134, e-mail to: metallurgy@skynet.be



I am not aware of non-magnetic pins. However, in our studies of knee
joint motion, we used 3.0 mm Apex self-drilling/self-tapping bone pins
(Stryker Howmedica). These pins are generally used with the Hoffmann® II
External Fixation System. Although our pins were stainless steel, it may
be that Stryker Corporation may have non-magnetic pins but you will have
to contact them for more information. For your information, the
disadvantage of titanium is that this metal has an extremely low modulus
of elasticity & low tensile strength. Therefore, pins have to be bulkier
than stainless steel in order to provide same rigidity. Since you may be
looking at static positions in the MRI chamber, this may not be an issue
however it may become an issue if you will be investigating dynamic
trials. Refer to Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics, found at
http://wheeless.orthoweb.be/o16/67.htm for more info.

For references with respect to other pin research and Methodological
Concerns Using Intra-cortical Pins, please refer to the following

Ramsey DK, Wretenberg PF, Benoit D, Lamontagne M, Németh G.
Methodological Concerns Using Intra-cortical Pins to Measure
Tibiofemoral Kinematics. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy,

I am also aware that markers were placed in on a 160 mm long, 4/5 mm
Schanz screw to measure vertebral motion.

James P. Dickey,Michael R. Pierrynowskib, Drew A. Bednarc and Simon X.
Yangd Relationship between pain and vertebral motion in chronic low-back
pain Clinical Biomechanics, Volume 17, Issue 5 , June 2002, Pages



Dan K. Ramsey PhD

Post Doctoral Research Fellow

University of Delaware,

Department of Physical Therapy

301 McKinly Lab

Newark, DE 19716-2591

Tel: +1 (302) 831-4646

Fax: +1 (302) 831-4234

Email: dramsey@udel.edu

URL: http://www.udel.edu/PT/

Profile: http://myprofile.cos.com/DRam


We use ORTHOFIX, Bussolengo, Italy. I don't know the material. Sandra



I'm a little confused by your application. Are you planning to collect
kinematic data while taking a MRI, do you want to leave bone pins in
after collecting kinematic data or do you have a different purpose?

If you're planning to take static MRI images and calculate the
kinematics from scan to scan (with repositioning between) you might want
to investigate the image processing system 3DVIEWNIX
(http://mipgsun.mipg.upenn.edu/). This software allows you to segment a
set of bones and calculates the geometric centroid and a principal axis
system. The software is capable of calculating the angle of rotation
and the centroidal translation from one bone relative to another (or
relative to the scanner) or you can make them on your own based on the
transformation matrices given from segmentation.

If you have any questions about my suggestion, please don't hesitate to



Hello Sarah

I know a variety of bone pins that are non magnetic. How can I help you
with getting the right kind for your project? If you wish you can call
me at Alta Surgical 906-228-9682

George J Iwanski


Hi Sarah,

I saw your request for non-magnetic bone pins and was wondering if you
had any success locating some yet. I am an engineer with Orthofix and
know that our bone bones have minimal magnetic properties. If you are
interested in using them, please feel free to get back to me and I'll
try to help you out. What type of research will you be using them for?
You mentioned it was a motion analysis study, but could you give me a
little more information about it?


Kristen Duchac

Product Development Engineer

Orthofix, Inc.

Winston-Salem, NC


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