View Full Version : Summary: Biomechanics of agility

06-03-2004, 07:25 AM
Thanks to everyone who gave me some advice on my query regarding the
biomechanics of agility performance.

In particular, thanks to Jean-Francois Stein who got me thinking
about other ways of describing agility, and how it is not really used
as a word in the scientific literature (e.g. one that can be searched
for in Medline), even though its use is very common amongst physical
conditioners. Thanks also to everyone else but particularly Michael
Yessis, Sharon Bullimore and Gabe Fendley who suggested a number of
articles / books.

For other people who may be interested, there appear to be numerous
articles that use the term "cutting". I have attached some of these
to the reference list below.

Therefore, I should have defined agility in my request as something
along the lines of:

"The ability to change direction while maintaining speed".

Some information which I have found useful was that of a chapter in a
book titled High performance Sports Conditioning, in that it discusses
the multi-factorial nature of agility performance.

Verstegen M, Marcello B (2001) Agility and coordination. In: Foran B
(ed) High-Performance Sports Conditioning. Human Kinetics, Champaign,
IL, pp 139-165

References I found Using the Term Cutting:

Colby S, Francisco A, Yu B, Kirkendall D, Finch M, Garrett W Jr.
Related Articles, Links
Electromyographic and kinematic analysis of cutting maneuvers.
Implications for anterior cruciate ligament injury.
Am J Sports Med. 2000 Mar-Apr;28(2):234-40.

McLean SG, Neal RJ, Myers PT, Walters MR. Related Articles, Links
Knee joint kinematics during the sidestep cutting maneuver:
potential for injury in women.
Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1999 Jul;31(7):959-68.

Neptune RR, Wright IC, van den Bogert AJ. Related Articles, Links
Muscle coordination and function during cutting movements.
Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1999 Feb;31(2):294-302.
PMID: 10063820 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

O.-E. Olsen, G. Myklebust, L. Engebretsen, and R. Bahr
Injury Mechanisms for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries in Team
Handball: A Systematic Video Analysis
Am. J. Sports Med., June 1, 2004; 32(4): 1002 - 1012.
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]

G. DeMorat, P. Weinhold, T. Blackburn, S. Chudik, and W. Garrett
Aggressive Quadriceps Loading Can Induce Noncontact Anterior Cruciate
Ligament Injury
Am. J. Sports Med., March 1, 2004; 32(2): 477 - 483.
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]

B. L. Zeller, J. L. McCrory, W. B. Kibler, and T. L. Uhl
Differences in Kinematics and Electromyographic Activity Between Men
and Women during the Single-Legged Squat
Am. J. Sports Med., May 1, 2003; 31(3): 449 - 456.
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]

References Fowarded by Gabe Fendley

Potthast W, Kersting U, Brueggemann GP Mechanical load and soccer
specific sprints In: Hong, Y., Editor, Proceedings of XVIII
International symposium on biomechanics in sports, Hong Kong,
Department of Sports Science and Physical Education. The Chinese
University of Hong Kong, (2000), p.73-75

T. Ohtsuki, M. Yanase and K. Aoki, Quick change of the forward
running direction in response to unexpected changes of situation with
reference to ball games. In: B.B. Jonsson, Editor, Biomechanics X,
Human Kinetics, Champaign, IL (1987), pp. 629-635.

T. Ohtsuki, M. Yanase and K. Aoki, Quick change of the forward
running direction and foot work in target-catching ball games. In:
B.G. De Groot, A.P. Hollander, P.A. Huijing and G.J. Van Ingen
Schenau, Editors, Biomechanics XI, Free University Press, Amsterdam
(1988), pp. 820-825.

Ohtsuki T, Yanase M. Mechanical verification of the effectiveness of
the first step for quick change of the forward running direction.
Proc. XII Int. Congr. of Biomechanics, Abstract # 237, 1989.

Books Written By Michael Yessis

Womens Soccer: Using Science to Improve Speed
Explosive Basketball Training

References Fowarded by Sharon Bullimore

Full et al (2002) Integ. Comp. Biol. 42: 149-157.

Thanks to everyone for their help


Justin Keogh
New Zealand Institute of Sport and Recreation Research
Division of Sport and Recreation
Auckland University of Technology
Private bag 92006
Auckland 1020
New Zealand
Room AF 313

Phone: 64-9-917-9999 ext 7617
Fax: 64-9-917-9960
email: justin.keogh@aut.ac.nz

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