View Full Version : Summary of Wrist anatomical coordinate system

08-16-2005, 04:37 AM
Dear Biomch-L subscribers,

I am posting the summary of the responds I have received for my question. I
would like to thank the members how sent me their ideas.
I am posting the original question and the answers I have received.

Best wishes


Original post
Dear Biomch-L subscribers,

I am trying to create a 3D model for the wrist/hand rotations. I have done a
literature search trying to find how to define the anatomical coordinate
system for the wrist using magnetic tracking device and define anatomical
coordinate system by digitizing anatomical landmarks. The ISB proposal is
using a volume data of the 3rd metacarpal bone to define this coordinate
system (we donít have this option in our lab)and defining neutral position.
Most of the articles I have found are using 3D scanning devices (MRI etc.)
or just using one marker to define the hand without calculating the
rotational axes. Does anyone have any experience in creating an anatomical
coordinate system for the wrist/hand by digitizing bony landmarks? I will
appreciate any ideas or thoughts on this issue.
I will post a summary of the responses.


Tal Amasay
Graduate student
University of Oregon

Brian Fay wrote,

Try these refs:

Shimada SD, Cooper RA, Boninger ML, Koontz AM, Corfman TA. Comparison of
three different models to represent the wrist during wheelchair propulsion.
IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2001 Sep;9(3):274-82

Rao SS, Bontrager EL, Gronley JK, Newsam CJ, Perry J. Three-dimensional
kinematics of wheelchair propulsion. IEEE Trans Rehabil Eng. 1996

Best Wishes,

Brian Fay

Zong-Ming Li wrote,

Dear Tal:

See the attached paper. Hope it helps.

Zong-Ming Li
Zong-Ming Li, PhD
Director, Hand Research Laboratory
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
210 Lothrop Street, E1641 BST
Pittsburgh, PA 15213
Phone: 412 648 1494
Fax: 412 648 8548
Email: zmli@pitt.edu
Web: http://www.pitt.edu/~zmli/handlab/

Krista Evans wrote,

An interesting article to consider is written by HJ Sommer. Here's the
pubmed abstract:

J Biomech Eng. 1980 Nov;102(4):311-7. Related Articles, Links
A technique for kinematic modeling of anatomical joints.
Sommer HJ 3rd, Miller NR.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Pennsylvania State University,
University Park 16802.

This paper describes a general technique for fitting a spatial kinematic
model to an in-vivo anatomical joint under typical physiological loading
conditions. The method employs a nonlinear least squares algorithm to
minimize the aggregate deviation between postulated model motion and
experimentally measured anatomical joint motion over multiple joint
positions. Estimation of the parameters of a universal joint with
skew-oblique revolutes to best reproduce wrist motion was used as an
example. Experimental motion data from the right wrists of five subjects
were analyzed. The technique performed very well and produced repeatable
results consistent with previous biomechanical wrist findings.

PMID: 6965194 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Krista Evans

Dr. Caruntu wrote,

The following two papers, http://homepages.utoledo.edu/dcarunt/ ,
could be useful to you:

Hefzy, M.S., Ebraheim, N., Mekhail, A., Caruntu, D., Lin, H., and
Yeasting, R., 2003, Kinematics of the Human Pelvis Following Open Book
Injury, Medical Engineering and Physics, (c) IPEM, Elsevier Science
Ltd., 25(4), pp. 259-274.

Caruntu, D. and Hefzy, M.S., 2004, Three-Dimensional Anatomically
Based Dynamic Modeling of the Human Knee to Include Tibio-Femoral and
Patello-Femoral Joints, ASME Journal of Biomechanical Engineering,
126(1), pp. 44-53.

Good luck
Dr. Caruntu