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aveloso64
07-28-2008, 03:16 AM
The Faculty of Human Kinetics – Technical University of Lisbon, offers one
position as Researcher in Musculoskeletal Biomechanics. The candidate should
have a PhD in Sports Biomechanics, Biomedical Engineering or related fields.
The position holder will join the Neuromechanics Group and will be involved
in developing research within the field of musculoskeletal biomechanical
modeling.

The Neuromechanics Group of CIPER combines experimental and computational
approaches to the study of movement. We investigate the form and function of
biomechanical systems and seek fundamental understanding of the mechanisms
involved in the production of movement. The study of the positive and
negative effects of mechanical loading on the living tissues is one of our
main areas of research.
Neuromechanics research Group of the CIPER seeks to hire a talented
biomechanics specialist to study the relationships between exercise and the
cartilage properties of the knee. Our underlying hypothesis is that
cartilage morphology and biochemical properties in healthy joints can be
positively influenced by increasing amounts of certain types of exercises.
The other living tissue on were we aim to study the effect of mechanical
load associated to exercise is the muscle-tendon complex, with special
emphasis on architectural changes. Work on muscle-tendon complex is carried
out by modeling and the use of ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging
(MRI).
To establish a relationship between exercise and changes in human tissues it
is first necessary to determine the internal forces which are applied to the
different tissues. These forces originate from the ground reaction forces,
the weight and acceleration of body segments (Inertial forces) and also on
the compression forces produced by the active muscles acting parallel to the
bone structures (joint component of muscles forces). In order to calculate
joint loading biomechanical modeling tools must be used. Our proposal is to
develop/adapt a lower limb plus trunk model using inverse dynamics and
inverse kinematics which may then be employed to estimate loading of the
knee joint cartilage as well as on lower limb muscle tendon complexes during
running and cycling. Data of body movement during certain tasks are obtained
using a high speed infrared camera system (10 cameras at 500 Hz), combined
with force platforms. Further data analysis are carried out using Visual-3D
Biomechanics modeling software (www.c-motion.com) and OpenSim, an open
source dynamic modeling software tool from Stanford University
(https://simtk.org/home/opensim) for full body modeling that allows
estimating forces and torques applied to human joints. In association with
modeling, MRI scanning of the knee in athletes is planned to be performed
before and after exercise (long running and triathlon events). Structural
and functional analysis of the cartilage will be available from MRI to
correlate with the estimates joint loading (using the biomechanical
modeling). These data will be associated to the different types of exercise
from high level and long duration loading characteristic of the long
distance running and triathlon events to the exercise activities developed
for health related and rehabilitation purposes.
One important goal of the Neuromechanics group is the development of a set
of experimental tools for the study of the architectural changes of the
muscle tendon complex associated with different exercise intensities and
different exercising populations, from athletes to elderly people.
At a more specific level, some of the objectives of our research group are
as follows:
a) To evaluate the mechanical and the morphological properties of the
muscle-tendon complex of the knee and ankle extensors in old subjects with
different levels of functionality.
b) To assess the mechanical and the morphological properties of the
muscle-tendon complex of the knee and ankle extensors in athletes sustaining
different mechanical loading profiles, like running versus cycling.
c) To study the influence of the mechanical and morphological properties of
the ankle muscle-tendon complex in locomotion tasks and other tasks in which
the loss of balance is induced.
d) To study the effect of fatigue on locomotion tasks such as stair descent,
gait with and without obstacles transposition and other tasks in which the
loss of balance is induced.
e) To study the neuromechanical adaptations of the muscles of the lower limb
induced by specific types of training in different populations (e.g. elders,
healthy adults, and athletes).

Qualifications and experience
The successful applicant must have a Ph.D. in biomechanics, mechanical
engineering, biomedical engineering, or a related discipline. Applicants
must have a thorough knowledge of computer modeling applied to the
musculoskeletal system. Experience in motion capture systems, ultrasound or
MRI is also helpful. The applicant must have excellent skill in verbal and
written English.
The applicant must be comfortable recruiting and interacting with human
subjects.
The post-doctoral candidate will be responsible for all phases of research
projects, including subject recruitment, scheduling, testing, analysis, IRB
reporting, as well as manuscript preparation. We are looking for an
outstanding individual to join our team
Furthermore, the joining post-doc researcher is expected to be enthusiastic,
independent and resourceful, and to have the ability to work in a
multidisciplinary team with expertise in human movement analysis, and take
advantage from existing research laboratories and associated
infrastructures. He/She should have a significant impact on supporting the
participation of CIPER in already existing collaborations, joint projects
and networks in the fields of human performance studies.
The selected candidate should also be prepared to coordinate research
projects, supervise post-graduate students and submit research proposals to
European Commission Framework Programs and national programs and to develop
national and international collaborations.

Contract feasibility
According to the regulation of the program “Commitment to Science”, the
final decision concerning the contract accomplishment depends on an
evaluation made by FCT

Contract conditions
The successful candidate will receive a salary in accordance with the
university regulations for a senior researcher. The contract offered will
have duration of up to 5 years, renewed yearly based on mutual agreement.
The annual gross income (indíce 195), before taxes, will be 3.101,87 Euros x
14 months.
SALARY Annually: 43400 Euros or approximately 67270 US Dollars

HOW TO APPLY
By email to ciperfmh@fmh.utl.pt, with the following information:
1. Identification of the candidate
2. Curriculum Vitae/resume
3. 3 Letters of Reference
4. 1 Research project proposal for the period of the contract
Application Deadline: 22/09/2008
Organization contact data
Organization/Institute:
Interdisciplinary Centre of Human Performance (CIPER)
Faculty of Human Kinetics
Address: Estrada da Costa, Cruz Quebrada, 1495-688 Cruz Quebrada – Dafundo,
Portugal
Email: ciperfmh@fmh.utl.pt
Website: http://www.fmh.utl.pt/ciper/

For any additional contact or information please use

António Veloso
apveloso@mfmh.utl.pt
Biomechanics LAB.
Faculty of Human Kinetics
Technical University of Lisbon
Estrada da Costa
1495-688 Cruz-Quebrada
Phone + 351 214148127