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View Full Version : Summary-kin. & dyn. model of human hand



Oyvind Stavdahl
07-01-1994, 07:10 PM
Hallo list,

I posted last week requesting references to people and/or
litterature dealing with kinematic and dynamic models of
the human hand.

Here comes a summary of the responses - a total of 8 messages
including references to about _383_articles_ (possibly with a
few duplications) plus persons and companies with expertice
and software products in this area.

I am impressed by the response - thanks to all who contributed!


With best regards,
Oyvind Stavdahl
__________________________________________________ ______________________
/ \
| THE UNIVERSITY OF TRONDHEIM | Phone +47 73 59 43 91 (direct) |
| Dept. of Engineering Cybernetics | +47 73 59 43 76 (switchboard) |
| O. Bragstads plass 8 | Fax +47 73 59 43 99 |
| N-7034 TRONDHEIM | Email stavdahl@itk.unit.no |
| NORWAY | |
\_________________________________________________ _______________________/





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Dear Oyvind Stavdahl:

Our company has developed the Inertiator[TM] - the only comercially
available system for measuring the mass and inertial properties
of body segments. We will send you by mail ai information package
that includes some sample data.

Sincerely,

Yael Yona
OsteoKinetics Corporation
82 Stuart Road
Newton, MA 02159
USA
Ph: (617) 235-4426
FAX: (617) 235-8953
e-mail: osteoknt@tiac.net



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Oyvind

I'm sending you my bibliography file. It has all of the articles I've
read related to upper extremity mechanics/physiology/misc. It has 351
references. All you need to do is read titles and keep the ones that interest
you. If you can't get copies of any, just send me a note of the ones and I'll
get them sent to you. Good luck.

Dave

PS I hope you use latex.

************************************************** ******************************

Dave Giurintano (504) 642-4731
Paul Brand Biomechanics Lab (504) 642-4738 F
GW Long Hansen's Disease Center giurin@resdjg.gwlhdc.lsu.edu
Carville, LA 70721

********************** all 351 upper extremity references **********************

\begin{description}
\item
An, KN, Chao, EY, Cooney, WP and Linscheid, RL,
``Normative Model of the Human Hand
for Biomechanical Analysis," {\it J. Biomechaincs} 12 p. 775-788
1979.
\item
An, KN, Hui, FC, Morrey, BF, Linscheid, RL and Chao, EY,
``Muscles Across the Elbow
Joints: A Biomechanical Analysis," {\it J. Biomechaincs}
14(10) p. 659-669 1981.
\item
An, KN, Ueba, Y, Chao, EY, Cooney, WP, and Linscheid, RL,
``Tendon Excursion and Moment Arm of
Index Finger Muscles," {\it J. Biomechaincs} 16(6) p. 419-425
1983.
\item
An, KN, Cooney, WP, Chao, EY, Askew, LJ, and Daube, JR,
``Determination of Forces in Extensor Pollicis Longus
and Flexor Pollicis Longus," {\it J. Appl. Physiol.: Respirat.
Environ. Exercise Physiol.} 54(3) p. 714-719 1983.
\item
Armstrong, TJ and Chaffin, DB , ``An Investigation
of the Relationship Between Displacements of the Finger and
Wrist Joints and the Extrinsic Finger Flexor Tendons,"
{\it J. Biomechaincs} 11 p. 119-128 1978.
\item
Baildon, RWA and Chapman, AE, ``A New Approach
to the Human Muscle Model," {\it J. Biomechaincs} 16(10)
p. 803-809 1983.
\item
Beasley, RW, Brown, HG, Meyer, VE, and Rabischong, P
``Atlas of Surgical Anatomy of the Hand and Forearm,"
The Foundation for Hand Research, 1981
\item
Becnel, CD, ``A Parameter Evaluation Technique and
Model of the Biomechanics of the Human Hand," Masters
Thesis. Louisiana State University 1977.
\item
Berger, RA, Crowninshield, RD, and Flatt, AE, ``The Three
Dimensional Rotational Behaviors of the Carpal Bones,"
{\it Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research} 167 p. 303-310,
1982.
\item
Berme, N, ``Forces Transmitted by the Finger and
Thumb Joint," {\it Acta Orthopaedica Belgica} 46(6)
p. 669-677, 1980.
\item
Bober, T, Kornecki, S, and Lehr, R, ``Biomechanical
Analysis of Human Arm Stabilization During Force
Production," {\it J. Biomechaincs} 15(11) p. 825-830, 1982.
\item
Boivin, G, Wadsworth, GE, Landsmeer, JMF, and Long, C,
``Electromyographic Kinesiology of the Hand: Muscles
Driving the Index Finger," {\it Archives of Physical Medicine and
Rehabilitation} p. 17-26, 1969.
\item
Brand, PW, ``Biomechanics of Tendon Transfer,"
{\it Orthopedic Clinics of North America} 5(2) p. 205-230, 1974.
\item
Brand, PW, Cranor, KC, and Ellis, JC, ``Tendon and Pulleys
at the Metacarpophalangeal Joint of a Finger,"
{\it J. Bone and Joint Surgery} 57-a(6) p. 779-784, 1975.
\item
Brand, PW, Beach, RB, and Thompson, DE, ``Relative
Tension and Potential Excursion of Muscles in the Forearm
and Hand,"
{\it J. Hand Surgery} 6(3) p. 209-219, 1981.
\item
Brand, PW, \underline{Clinical Mechanics of the Hand},
CV Mosby. St. Louis, 1985.
\item
Brown, TI, Rack, PM, and Ross, HF, ``Forces Generated at the
Thumb Interphalangeal Joint During Imposed Sinusoidal Movements,"
{\it J. Physiol(London)} 332 p. 69-85, 1982
\item
Brown, TI, Rack, PM, and Ross, HF, ``Electromyographic Responses
to Imposed Sinusoidal Movement of the Human Thumb"
{\it J. Physiol(London)} 332 p. 87-99, 1982
\item
Brown, TI, Rack, PM, and Ross, HF, ``A Range of Different Stretch
Reflex Responses in the Human Thumb"
{\it J. Physiol(London)} 332 p. 101-112, 1982
\item
Brown, TI, Rack, PM, and Ross, HF, ``Different Types of Tremor
in the Human Thumb"
{\it J. Physiol(London)} 332 p. 113-123, 1982
\item
Buford, WL, ``Interactive Three Dimensional Computer Graphics
Simulation of the Kinematics of the Human Thumb," Doctoral
Disertation. Louisiana State University, 1984.
\item
Buford, WL and Thompson, DE, ``A System for Three-Dimensional Interactive
Simulation of Hand Biomechaincs," {\it IEEE Transactions on Biomedical
Engineering} 34(6) p. 444-453, 1987.
\item
Carnahan, B, Luther, HA, and Wilkes, JO,
\underline{Applied Numerical Methods},
John Wiley and Sons. New York, 1969.
\item
Chao, EY, Opgrande, JD, and Axmear, FE, ``Three
Dimensional Force Analysis of Finger Joints in Selected
Isometric Hand Function," {\it J. Biomechaincs}. 19(6)
p. 387-396, 1976.
\item
Chao, EY and An, KN, ``Determination of Internal Forces in
Human Hand," {\it J. of the Engineering Mechanics Division, ASCE}.
Vol. 104 No. EM1 p. 225-272, 1978.
\item
Close, JR, and Kidd, CC, ``The Function of the Muscles of the
Thumb, the Index and Long Fingers," {\it J. Bone and Joint Surgery}
51-A p. 1601-1620, 1969.
\item
Cooney, WP, and Chao, EY, ``Biomechanical Analysis of Static
Forces in the Thumb During Hand Function," {\it J. Bone and Joint Surgery }
59-A(1) p. 27-36, 1977.
\item
Cooney, WP, Lucca, MJ, Chao, EY, and Linscheid, RL
``The Kinesiology of the
Thumb Trapeziometacarpal Joint," {\it J. Bone and Joint
Surgery } 63-A(9) p. 1371-1381, 1981.
\item
Crowninshield, RD and Brand, RA, ``A Physiologically
Based Criterion of Muscle Force Prediction in Locomotion,"
{\it J. Biomechaincs} 14(11) p. 793-801, 1981.
\item
Day, BL and Marsden, CD, ``Accurate Repostioning of the
Human Thumb Against Unpredictable Dynamic Loads is Dependent
Upon Peripheral Feed-back,"
{\it J. Physiol(London) } 327 p. 393-407, 1982.
\item
Delattre, JF, Ducasse, A, Flament, JB, and Kenesi, C,
``The Mechanical Role of the Digital Fibrous Sheath:
Application to Reconstructive Surgery of the Flexor Tendons,"
{\it Anatomia Clinica } 5 p. 187-197, 1983.
\item
Doyle, JR and Blythe, WF, ``The Finger Flexor Tendon Sheath
and Pulleys Anataomy and Reconstrution" {\it AAOS Symmposium
on Tendon Surgery in the Hand},
St Louis, 1975.
\item
Doyle, JR and Blythe, WF, ``Anatomy of the Flexor Tendon
Sheath and Pulleys of the Thumb," {\it J. Hand Surgery } 2(2) p. 149-151,
1977.
\item
Ejeskar, A, and Ortengren, R, ``Isolated Finger Flexion Force-
A Methodological Study," {\it The Hand} 13(3) p. 223-230, 1981.
\item
Ejeskar, A, ``Finger Flexion Force and Hand
Grip Strength after Tendon Repair," {\it J. Hand Surgery}
7(1) p. 61-65, 1982.
\item
Fick, R, ``Statische Berachtung der Muskulature des Oberschenkels,"
{\it Z Rationelle Med} 9 p. 94-106, 1850.
\item
Freehafer, AA, Peckham, PH and Keith, MW,
``Determination of Muscle-Tendon Unit Properties During
Tendon Transfer," {\it J. Hand Surgery} 4(4) p. 331-339, 1979.
\item
Fung, YC, ``Biomechanics - It's Scope, History, and
Some Problems of Continuum Mechanism Physiology,"
{\it Applied Mechanics Reviews} 21(1) p. 1-20, 1968.
\item
Fung, YC,
\underline{Biomechanics: Mechanical Properties of Living Tissues},
Springer-Verlag, New York, 1981.
\item
Griffiths, DA (1972) Functional Anatomy of the Hand, {\it Medical and Biological
Illustration}, {\bf 22}, p. 150-153.
\item
Hazelton, FT, Smidt, GL, Flatt, AE, and Stephens, RI,
``The Influence of Wrist Position on the Forces
Produced by the Finger Flexors," {\it J. Biomechaincs} 8 p. 301-306,
1975.
\item
Hirsch, D, Page, D, Miller, D, Dumbleton, JH, Miller, EH,
``A Biomechanical Analysis of the Metacarpophalangeal
Joint of the Thumb,"
{\it J. Biomechaincs} 7 p. 343-348, 1974.
\item
Holden, CEA and Norhtmore-Ball, MD, ``The Strength
of the Profundus Tendon Insertion," {\it The Hand} 3(7) p. 238-240,
1975.
\item
James, DF, Clark, IP, Colwill, JC, and Halsall, AP,
``Forces in the Metacarpophalangeal
Joint Due to Elevated Fluid Pressure-analysis Measurements
and Relevance to Ulnar Drift," {\it J. Biomechaincs} 15(2) p. 73-84,
1982.
\item
Ketchum, LD, Brand, PW, Thompson, DE, and Pocock, GS,
``The Determination of Moments for Extension of the Wrist
Generated by Muscles of the Foreman,"
{\it J. Hand Surgery} 3(3) p. 205-210, 1978.
\item
Kobke, J, ``A Biomechanical and Morphological Analysis
of Human Hand Joints,"
{\it Adv. Anat. Embryol. Cell. Biol.} 80 p. 1-85, 1983.
\item
Krewer, SE, ``Calibrated Grasping Tubes for Intrinsic-Plus
Testing of Arthritic Hands," {\it Arch Phys Med Rehabil}
59 p. 293-294, 1978.
\item
Kroemer, KHE and Gienapp, EM, ``Hand-held Devices to
Measure Finger(thumb) Strength,"
{\it J. Applied Phsiology} 29(4) p. 526-527, 1970.
\item
Landsmeer, JMF, ``Studies in the Anatomy of Articulation,"
{\it Acta. Morphol. Neerlando-Scandinavia} 3 p. 287-321, 1961.
\item
Landsmeer, JMF, ``The Coordination of Finger-Joint
Motions," {\it J. Bone and Joint Surgery} 45-A(8) p. 1645-1662, 1963.
\item
Landsmeer, JMF and Long, C, ``The Mechanism of Finger Control,
Based on Electromyograms and Location Analysis," {\it Acta Anat.} 60
p. 330-347, 1965.
\item
Landsmeer, JMF, ``Structural Analysis of the Fourth Dorsal
Interosseus of the Human Hand," {\it Acta Anat} 62 p. 176-214, 1965.
\item
Landsmeer, JMF, Observations on the Joints of the Human Hand,"
{\it Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases} 28 p. 11-14, 1969.
\item
Lin, R, Lin, E, Engel, J and Bubis, JJ, ``Histo-mechanical Aspects of
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome," {\it The Hand} 15(3) p. 305-309, 1983.
\item
Linscheid, RL and Chao, EY, ``Biomechanical Assessment of
Finger Function in Prosthetic Joint Design," {\it Orthopedic Clinics
of North America} 4(2) p. 317-330, 1973.
\item
Lundstrom, R, ``Local Vibrations- Mechanical
Impedance of the Human Hand's Glabrous Skin,"
{\it J. Biomechaincs} 17(2) p. 137-144, 1984.
\item
Malek, R, ``A Study of Kinetic Joint Chains,"
\underline{The Hand}(Tubina, R editor) Ch.19 p. 218-222
WB SAUNDERS(Phila) Vol 1, 1981
\item
Marsden, CD, Merton, PA, and Morton, HB, ``Servo Action
in the Human Thumb," {\it J. Physiol} 257 p. 1-44 1976.
\item
Marsden, CD, Merton, PA, and Morton, HB, ``Stretch Reflex and
Servo Action in a Variety of Human Muscles," {\it J. Physiol}
259 p. 531-563 1976.
\item
Micks, JE, Reswick, JB, Hager, DL, ``The Mechanism of
the Intrinsic-minus Finger: A Biomechanical Study," {\it J. Hand
Surgery} 3(4) p. 333-341, 1978.
\item
Morrey, BF and An, KN, ``Articular and Ligamentous Contributions
to the Stability of the Elbow Joint," {\it Journal of Sports Medicine}
Vol 11(5), 1983.
\item
Newman, WM and Sproull, RF,
\underline{Principles of Interactive Computer Graphics},
McGraw-Hill. New York, 1979.
\item
Ou, CJ, ``The Biomechanics of the Carpometacarpal
Joint of the Thumb," Doctoral Dissertation. Louisiana
State University, 1979.
\item
Paul, RP,
\underline{Robot Manipulators: Mathematics, Programming and Control},
MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1982.
\item
Pernet, A, ``Biomechanics of the Hand,"
{\it International Surgery} 60(1) p. 9-11, 1975.
\item
Powell, MJD, ``An Effective Method for Finding the Minimum of a
Function of Several Variables Without Calculating Derivatives,"
{\it Computer Journal} 7 p. 155, 1964.
\item
Rodrigue, D and Gagnon, M, ``The Evaluation of
Forearm Density with Axial Tomography," {\it J. Biomechaincs}
16(11) p. 907-913, 1983.
\item
Rogers, DF and Adams, JA,
\underline{Mathematical Elements for Computer Graphics},
McGraw-Hill, Inc. New York City, New York,
1976.
\item
Ross, DG, ``Range of Motion of the Fingers and Hand,"
{\it Orthopedic Nursing} p. 11-17, 1982.
\item
Sanjeevi, R, ``A Viscoelastic Model for the Mechanical
Properties of Biological Materials," {\it J. Biomechaincs} 15(2)
p. 107-109, 1982.
\item
Sanjeevi, R, Somanathan, N, and Ramaswamy, D,
``A Viscoelastic Model for Collagen Fibers," {\it J. Biomechaincs}
15(3) p. 181-183, 1982.
\item
Smith, RJ, ``Balance and Kinetics of the Fingers Under Normal
and Pathological Conditions," {\it Clinical Orthopaedics and
Related Research} 104 p. 92-111, 1974.
\item
Spoor, CW, ``Balancing a Force on the Fingertip
of a Two-dimensional Finger Model without Intrinsic
Muscles," {\it J. Biomechaincs} 16(7) p. 497-504, 1983.
\item
Srinivasan, H, ``Patterns of Movements of Totally Intrinsic-Minus
Fingers," {\it J. Bone and Joint Surgery} 58-A(6) p. 777-785, 1976.
\item
Srinivasan, H and Landsmeer, JMF, ``Internal
Stabilization in the Thumb," {\it J. Hand Surgery} 7(4)
p. 371-375, 1982.
\item
Storace, A, ``Kinematic Analysis of the Role
of the Finger Tendon," {\it J. Biomechaincs} 15(5) p. 391-393, 1982.
\item
Steiner, M, ``Biomechanics of Tendon Healing,"
{\it J. Biomechaincs} 15(12) p. 951-958, 1982.
\item
Thompson, DE, ``Biomechanics of the Hand,"
{\it Perspectives in Computing} 1(3) p. 12-19, 1981.
\item
Thompson, DE and Buford, WL, ``Real Time Interactive
Graphical Simulation of Musculoskeletal Kinematics,"
{\it Proceedings 37th Annual Conference
on Engineering in Medicine and Biology} p. 30, 1984.
\item
Tubiana, R, ``Architecture and Functions of the Hand,"
\underline{The Hand}~(Tubiana, R, editor), Saunders. Philadelphia
1981.
\item
Tyrrell, MF, ``The Measurement of the Force of
Thumb Adduction,"
{\it Anaesthesia} 24(4) p. 626-629, 1969.
\item
Wood, GA, ``Data Smoothing and Differentiation
Procedures in Biomechanics," {\it Exercise Sports Science
Review} 10 p. 308-362, 1982.
\item
Wray, RC, Ollinger, H, Lowrey, R, and Weeks, PM,
``Effects of Continuous Load on the Mechanical Properties
of Tendon Adhesions," {\it The Hand} 13(1) p. 92-96, 1981.
\item
Yamada, H, \underline{Strengths of Biological Materials},
Williams and Wilkins. Baltimore, 1970.
\item
Boyes, JH (1970) {\bf Bunnell's Surgery of the Hand}, J. B. Lippincott,
Philadelphia, Fifth Edition, {\it Intrinsic Muscles of the Hand},
p. 457-501.
\item
Evans, RB and Burkhalter, WE (1986) A Study of the Dynamic Anatomy of
Extensor Tendons and Implications for Treatment, {\it J Hand Surgery},
{\bf 11}(5) p. 774-779
published erratum {\bf 11}(6) p. 914.
\item
Eyler, DL and Markee, JE (1954) The Anatomy and function of the intrinsic
musculature of the fingers, {\it J. Bone Joint Surgery}, {\bf 36}(A-1) p. 1-9.
\item
Haines, WH (1951) The Extensor Apparatus of the Finger, {\it J Anatomy},
{\bf 85 }, p. 251-259.
\item
Harris, C and Rutledge, GL (1972) The Functional Anatomy of the Extensor
Mechanism of the Finger, {\it J Bone Joint Surgery}, {\bf 54}(4)
p. 713-726.
\item
Littler, JW (1966) Restoration of the Oblique Retinacular Ligament for
Correcting Hyperextension Deformity of the Proximal Interphalangeal Joint,
{\it La Main Rhumatismale. Paris L'Expansion Scientifique Francaise}, p. 39-42.
\item
Littler, JW (1967) Redistribution of Forces in Correction of the
Boutonniere Deformity, {\it J. Bone Joint Surgery}, {\bf 49-A} (7) p. 1267-1274.
\item
Littler, JW (1967) The Finger Extensor Mechanism, {\it Surg Clin North Am},
{\bf 47}(2) p. 415.
\item
Littler, JW (1986) The Finger Extensor System. Some Approaches to the
Correction of its Disabilities, {\it Orthopedic Clinics of North America},
{\bf 17}(3) p. 483-492.
\item
Long, C (1968) Intrinsic-Extrinsic Muscle Control of the Fingers, {\it J.
Bone Joint Surgery}, {\bf 50-A} p. 973-984.
\item
Micks, Je and Reswick, Jb (1981) Confirmation of Differential Loading
of Lateral and Central Fibers of the Extensor Tendon, {\it J Hand Surgery},
{\bf 6}(5) p. 462-467.
\item
Panjabi, MM (1979) Centers and Angles of Rotation of Body Joints: A Study
of Errors and Optimization, {J Biomechanics}, {\bf 12}(12) p. 911-920.
\item
Ranney DA, Wells, RP and Dowling, J (1987) Lumbrical Function: Interaction
of Lumbrical Contraction with the Elasticity of the Extrinsic Finger Muscles
and its Effect on Metacarpophalangeal Equilibrium, {\it J Hand Surgery},
{\bf 12}(4) p. 566-575.
\item
Rosi Reddy, N, Kolumban, SL, and Fritschi, EP (1983) The Results of
Lumbrical Replacement by Extensor to Flexor Many Tail Operation - A
Retrospective Study, {\it Lepr India}, {\bf 55}(3) p. 539-546.
\item
Ruby, LK, Cooney, WP, An KN, Linscheid, RL and Chao, EY (1988) Relative
Motion of Selected Carpal Bones: A Kinematic Analysis of the Normal Wrist,
{\it J Hand Surgery}, {\bf 13}(1) p. 1-10.
\item
Sarrafian, SK, Kazarian, LE, and Topouzian, LK, Sarrafian, VK, and
Siegelman A (1970) Strain Variation in the Components of the Extensor
Apparatus of the Finger during Flexion and Extension. A Biomechanical Study,
{\it J Bone Joint Surgery}, {\bf 52}(5) p. 980-990.
\item
Schenck, RR (1964) Variations of the Extensor Tendons of the Fingers.
Surgical Significance, {\it J. Bone Joint Surgery}, {\bf 46-A} p. 103-110.
\item
Schultz, RJ, Furlong, J and Storace, A (1981) Detailed Anatomy of the
Extensor Mechanism at the Proximal Aspect of the Finger, {\it J Hand Surgery},
{\bf 6}(5) p. 493-498.
\item
Spoor, CW and Landsmeer, JMF (1976) Analysis of the Zigzag Movement of the
Human Finger Under Influence of the Extensor Digitorum Tendon and the Deep
Flexor Tendon, {\it J. Biomechanics}, {\bf 9}, p.561-566.
\item
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\item
Thomas, DH, Long, C and Landsmeer, JMF (1968) Biomechanical Considerations
of Lumbricalis Behavior in the Human Finger, {\it J Biomechaincs}, {\bf 1}
p. 107-115
\item
Tubiana, R and Valentin, P (1964) The Anatomy of the Extensor Apparatus of the
Fingers, {\it Surg Clin North Am}, {\bf 44}(4) p. 897-906.
\item
White, WL (1960) Restoration of Function and Balance of the Wrist and Hand
by Tendon Transfers, {\it Surg Clin North Am}, {\bf 40} p. 427.
\item
An, KN, Kwak, BM, Chao, Ey and Morrey, BF (1984) Determination of Muscle and
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\item
An, Kn, Hizer, J, Linscheid, RL, Crippen, TE, Cooney, WP and Chao, EY (1985)
Geometric and Kinematic Analysis of the Metacarpophalangeal Joint, {\it
Ortho Trans}, {\bf 9}(2) p. 312.
\item
An, KN and Chao, ES (1987) Activities at the Mayo Clinic Biomechanics
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% Proceeding of the 24th Rocky Mountain Bioengineering Symposium
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\item
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Measurement of Human Elbow Joint Rotation, {\it J. Biomechainc Engr},
{\bf 102}, p. 301-310.
\item
Huiskes,R and Chao, EY (1983) A Survey of Finite Element Analysis in Orthopedic
Biomechanics, {\it J. Biomechanics}, {\bf 16}(6) p. 385-409.
\item
Storace, A and Wolf, B (1979) Functional Analysis of the Role of the
Finger Tendons, {\it J. Biomechanics}, {\bf 12}, p. 575-578.
\item
An, KN Chao, EY, Cooney, WP, and Linscheid, RL (1985) Forces in the Normal
and Abnormal Hand, {\it J. Orthopaedic Research}, {\bf 3}(2), p. 202-211.
\item
Brodsky, JW, Kourosh, S, Stills, M and Mooney, V (1988) Objective Evaluation
of Insert Material for Diabetic and Athletic Footwear, {\it Foot \& Ankle},
{\bf 9}(3), p. 111-116.
\item
Ketchum, LD, Thompson, DE, Pocock, G, and Wallingford, D (1978)
A Clinical Stody of the Forces Generated by the Intrinsic Muscles of the
Index Finger and the Extrinsic Flexor and Extensor Musclesof the Hand,
{\it J. Hand surg}, {\bf 3}(6), p. 571-578.
\item
Silver, RL, de la Garza, J and Rang, M (1985) The Myth of Muscle Balance,
{\it J. Bone Joint Surg}, {\bf 67}(B), p. 432-437.
\item
Stack, HG (1962) Muscle Function in the Fingers,
{\it J. Bone Joint Surg}, {\bf 44}(B), p. 899-909.
\item
Stack, HG (1963) A Study of Muscle Function in the Fingers,
{\it Some journal}, {\bf ??}, p. 307-322.
\item
Wright, V nad Johns, RJ (1961) Quantitative and Qualitative Analysis of
Joint Stiffness in Normal subjects and in Patients with Connective Tissue
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\item
Apkarian, J, Naumann, S and Cairns, B (1989) A Three-Dimensional Kinematic and
Dynamic Model ofthe Lower Limb, {\it J. Biomechanics}, {\it 22}(2), p. 143-155.
\item
Basmajian, JV (1978) {\bf Muscles Alive}, 4th ed. Williams and Wilkins.
Baltimore.
\item
Buchner, HJ, Hines, MJ, and Hemami, H (1988) a Dynamic Model for Finger
Interphalangeal Coordination, {\it J. Biomechanics}, {\bf 21}(6), p. 459-468.
\item
Carter, DR, Orr, TE, and Fyhrie, DP (1989) Relationships Between Loading History
and Femoral Cancellous bone Architecture {\it J. Biomechanics}, {\it 22}(3),
p. 231-244.
\item
Engin, AE and Peindl, RD (1987) On the Biomechanics of human Shoulder Complex-I.
Kinematics for determination of the Shoulder Complex Sinus, {\it J.
Biomechanics}, {\it 20}(2), p. 103-117.
\item
Fairley, TE and Griffin, MJ (1989) The Apparent Mass of the Seated Human Body:
Vertical Vibration, {\it J. Biomechanics}, {\it 22}(2), p. 81-94.
\item
Hemami, H (1982) Some Aspects of Euler-Newton Equations of Motion,
{\it Ingenieur-Archiv}, {\bf 52}, p. 167-176.
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% 5
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% 10
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\item
% 15
\item
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\end{description}


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Hello,
Oyvind Stavdahl

We, at the Bio-Mechanics Evaluation Lab, Michigan State University
have just started to work on a Kinematic Model of Human Hand from Shoulder
down (not including shoulder). Three dof at the wrist, Three dof at the MCP
joint and one at the PIP and DIP joint of each finger. We are trying to use
Motion Analysis system in the study of the motion of the hand. This model
was developed out of our own understanding of Hand motions.

One good reference :

- "Normative model of Human Hand for biomechanical analysis" - An, K.n.Chao,
et at. , J. Biomechanics 12, 775-788. (1979)

Nothing else much right now,
Have fun with the study of Human Hand Kinematics,

Kiran Sanka,
Research Assistant
BioMechanics Evaluation Lab
Michigan State University, EL MI.



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Dear Oyvind,

We are developing a model of the human upper limb based on musculoskeletal=
geometry, joint kinematics, and muscle force-generating properties.=
Our current model includes only the elbow and wrist, and has four=
degress of freedom. We have spent a great deal of time comparing=
moment arms computed with the model to moment arms measured in cadavers.=
We believe this is important because the moment arms have a major=
affect on the moments generated by muscles and on the resulting=
joint accelerations. I would be happy to send you a copy of our=
manuscipt describing the elbow model, which was recently accpeted=
for publication in J. Biomech.

There is a group at Stanford developing a model of the hand. This=
model is compatible with our elbow/wrist model because they are=
using the same bone geometry and the same musculoskeletal modeling=
software. Felix Zajac is the director of this project. Francisco=
Valero is the primary person creating and testing the model. You=
may want to contact them to get additional information.

The models I described above are still under development, so not=
much has been published yet. I would be very interested in the=
responses you get from your posting and would be grateful if you=
could forward them to me.

Sincerely,

Scott Delp
Departments of Biomedical Engineering
and Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Northwestern University
delp@nwu.edu




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Try

kepple%bmlvax.dnet@dxi.nih.gov wire frame models available free on
ftp

also you can buy data from VIEWPOINT (801) 224 2222 Utah.

Richard Wood
Swansea Univ. UK


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Dear Mr. Stavdahl,
In response to your request distributed via Biomch_l
I send you the reference to the article with the results of biomechanical
modelling of human hand movements. The hand was modelled by a system of
16 rigid bodies connected by frictionless joints. This model has 22 degrees
of freedom corresponding to the movements in the hand joints. 29 hand muscles
were modelled by weightless expandable threads. The inverse problem of dynamics
has been solved for main movements of the hand, i.e. the muscle forces have been
calculated assuming that the sum of their efforts is minimal in each instant
of movement.
I hope this results may be helpful for you.
With best regards,
Elena Biryukova

================================================== =========================
Biryukova E.V., Yourovskaya V.Z. (1993) A model of the human wrist
dynamics. In: Advances in the Biomechanics of the Hand and Wrist
(F.Schuind, K.N.An, W.P.Cooney III and M.Garcia-Elias, eds.), Plenum
Press, New York, 107-122.

================================================== ======
Lab. of Mathematical Neurophysiology,
Institute of Higher Nervous Activity and Neurophysiology
of Russian Academy of Sciences,
Butlerov str., 5a, 117865, Moscow, Russia
Phone: 7 (095) 338 77 00
E-mail: lmno@ihnerv.msk.su
================================================== ======


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>From James.Ashton-Miller@um.cc.umich.edu Mon Jun 27 00:54:30 1994

It is good to know that someone up in Trondheim is doing some
biomechanics. I spent five years at Sophies Minde Ortopedisk
Hospital in Oslo when Helge Ronningen (also in Trondheim in
Ortopedi) was there. Anyway - one of the hkey things in any
model would be the rate at which strength can be developed
by the various muscles. We have recently submitted a paper
on this to J. Gerontol.: Med. Sci. for the ankle muscles. If
you need some numbers - let me know.
..
jaam
~~~~


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>From BUCHHOLZB@aspen.uml.edu Tue Jun 28 16:22:57 1994

Oyvind;

I have attached a detailed, though incomplete, list of
references on hand biomechanics. I am doing quite a bit in this
area, so let me know if you have any other questions.

Bryan Buchholz, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Department of Work Environment
University of Massachusetts Lowell
1 University Ave.
Lowell, MA 01854 USA


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Acta Morphologica Neerlando-Scandinavica 3(3-4), 287-321.
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of the extrinsic finger muscles and its effect on
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12A, 566-575.
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the finger flexors in rheumatoid deformities of the
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flexors and rheumatoid metacarpophalangeal deformity. JAMA
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of the human finger under influence of the extensor
digitorum tendon and the deep flexor tendon. Journal of
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