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09-08-1994, 01:14 AM
Bob Gregor kindly forward to me this version of the 1994 American Society of
Biomechanics meeting program and asked me to post it. I do NOT have further
information on this meeting. Thanks.
--N. Deuel, University of Maryland Equine Sports Biomechanics Lab

SESSION 1: ORTHOPAEDICS
Chair: Mark Grabiner, PhD
9:00 A BIOMECHANICAL ANALYSIS OF DEEP AND SUPERFICIAL
EPITENDINOUS SUTURES
E Diao, JS Hariharan, JC Lotz, O Soejima

9:15 RESTORATION OF LATERAL PINCH IN TETRAPLEGIA: A
BIOMECHANICAL COMPARISON OF TWO SURGICAL METHODS
A Matityahu, A Weiss, B Parks, S Siegler

9:30 IN VITRO REPRODUCTION OF SPONTANEOUS HIP FRACTURE
BY SIMULATED MUSCLE CONTRACTIONS
KH Yang, K Shen, CK Demetropoulos, AI King, P Kolodziej, RS Levine,
RH Fitzgerald Jr

9:45 A HYDROPHILIC SELF-ANCHORING COMPOSITE FOR
ORTHOPEDIC DEVICES
AN Sharda, IL Kamel, R Seliktar

10:00 BIOMECHANICAL INVESTIGATION OF BENDING RIGIDITY IN
THE NORMAL HUMAN FEMUR AND ITS USE IN THE DESIGN OF A
=46EMORAL COMPONENT
DD Anderson, TA Mutschler, SA Jones

SESSION 2: AGING
Chair: Roger Enoka, PhD
9:00 EFFECT OF AGE ON PERFORMANCE DURING A STRENGTH-
TRAINING PROGRAM
J Buck, M Gross, N Alexander

9:15 TRAINING-RELATED CHANGES IN THE FORCE POWER
SPECTRUM OF ELDERLY SUBJECTS
DA Keen, M Bilodeau, GH Yue, RM Enoka

9:30 POSTURAL CONTROL AND PERCEIVED STABILITY LIMITS IN
THE ELDERLY
T Lundin, M Grabiner, M Omlid

9:45 THE USE OF STEPPING TO MAINTAIN UPRIGHT BALANCE:
BIOMECHANICAL ANALYSIS IN YOUNG AND OLD ADULTS
JK Sprague, JA Ashton-Miller, AB Schultz, NB Alexander

10:00 TRANSMISSIBILITY OF GROUND VIBRATION TO THE AXIAL AND
APPENDICULAR SKELETON: AN ALTERNATIVE STRATEGY FOR THE
TREATMENT OF OSTEOPOROSIS
C Rubin, K McLeod, M Pope, M Magnusson, M Rostedt, C Fritton, T
Hansson


SESSION 3: SPORT
Chair: Doris Miller, PhD
10:30 THREE-DIMENSIONAL KINETICS OF THE SHOULDER, ELBOW
AND WRIST DURING A PENALTY THROW IN WATER POLO
M Feltner, G Taylor

10:45 STRATEGIES USED BY ELITE MALE GYMNASTS TO GENERATE
HIGH FORWARD ANGULAR MOMENTUM DURING TAKEOFF IN
VAULTING: A CLUSTER ANALYSIS
A Hardyk, V Fortney, V Zatsiorsky

11:00 BODY ROLL AND BREATHING ACTION IN SKILLED AND
UNSKILLED FRONT CRAWL SWIMMERS
BC Kippenhan, JG Hay

11:15 NET JOINT MOMENT POWERS AND MUSCLE RECRUITMENT
PATTERNS DURING STOP AND GO LANDING MOVEMENTS
JL McNitt-Gray, BA Munkasy, M Welch, JG Heino, JP Eagle, TA Smith

11:30 DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ONE-FOOT AND TWO-FOOT VERTICAL
JUMP PERFORMANCES
PF Vint, JK DeWitt, AP Marsh, SP McLean, RD Seidler, CP Sherwood,
RN Hinrichs,
PE Martin

11:45 A 3D COMPARISON OF GOLF SWING STYLES
RJ Neal, A Hanna, K Meredith

SESSION 4:PROSTHETICS/ORTHOTICS
Chair: Kit Vaughan, PhD
10:30 MICROMOTION OF AN UNCEMENTED FEMORAL COMPONENT
UNDER SIMULATED IN VIVO GAIT LOADS
FC Barich, TD Brown, JJ Callaghan

10:45 THE EFFECT OF CEMENT MODULUS ON THE SHEAR PROPERTIES
OF THE BONE- CEMENT INTERFACE
MJ Funk, AS Litsky

11:00 THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BONY INGROWTH AND THE
MECHANICAL ENVIRONMENT AROUND A POROUS-COATED
IMPLANT
Y Qin, F Guilak, KJ McLeod, CT Rubin

11:15 TEST PROCEDURES FOR COMPARING CEMENTLESS
ACETABULAR CUP FIXATION METHODS UNDER AXIAL AND
ROTATIONAL LOADS
JL Pavlovic, DM Zapzalka, K Terajima, JE Bechtold, RB Gustilo, RF Kyle

11:30 THE ROLE OF MUSCLES IN GENERATING ROTATORY TORQUES
ABOUT THE IMPLANT STEM AXIS
DE Hurwitz, TP Andriacchi, SL Delp

11:45 BIOMECHANICAL ANALYSIS OF BONE MINERAL DENSITY,
SCREW TORQUE AND HOLDING STRENGTH OF ANTERIOR
CERVICAL PLATE SCREWS
J Clausen, T Ryken, V Goel, V Traynelis

SESSION 5: MUSCULOSKELETAL BIOMECHANICS
Chair: Melissa Gross, PhD
2:45 IN VIVO MUSCLE FORCE AND MECHANICAL POWER OUTPUT OF
MAJOR HINDCLIMB EXTENSORS IN A CAT DURING
VERTICAL JUMPING
TA Abelew, RJ Gregor

3:00 MECHANICAL POWER AND WORK OF CAT SOLEUS,
GASTROCNEMIUS, AND PLANTARIS MUSCLES DURING
LOCOMOTION: FUNCTIONAL SIGNIFICANCE OF MUSCLE DESIGN,
=46ORCE- AND ACTIVITY-PATTERNS
BI Prilutsky, W Herzog, TR Leonard

3:15 IN VIVO UTILIZATION OF THE "Z" TENDON TRANSDUCER
V Venkateswaran, T Basham, CS Enwemeka

3:30 AFFECTS OF ASSUMED GEOMETRY, FLEXIBILITY, AND
INTRINSIC STRENGTH ON OPTIMIZATION-BASED FORCE
PREDICTIONS
MA Nussbaum, DB Chaffin, SA Lavender


3:45 EXTENT OF MUSCLE ACTIVATION IN NON-IMMOBILIZED AND
IMMOBILIZED HAND AND ELBOW JOINTS
M Bilodeau, GH Yue, RM Enoka

4:00 A METHOD FOR THE DETERMINATION OF THE FORCE-LENGTH-
VELOCITY RELATION OF HUMAN SKELETAL MUSCLES
JW Chow, WG Darling, JG Hay, JG Andrews

SESSION 6: GAIT/POSTURE
Chair: Mary Rogers, PT, PhD
2:45 STRIDE FREQUENCY AND MUSCULOSKELETAL STIFFNESS
CT Farley, O Gonzalez

3:00 MUSCLE AND LIGAMENT CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE SUPPORT OF
VARUS-VALGUS KNEE MOMENTS DETERMINED BY
BIOMECHANICAL MODELING AND EXPERIMENTAL DATA
DG Lloyd, TS Buchanan

3:15 COMPARISON OF TWO- AND THREE-DIMENSIONAL MODELS
USED TO CALCULATE FOOT SEGMENTAL POWER AND ENERGY
DURING THE STANCE PHASE OF GAIT
KL Siegel, T Kepple, G Caldwell

3:30 A COMPARISON OF KNEE KINETICS FROM SURFACE-MOUNTED
AND BONE- MOUNTED TARGETS DURING GAIT
SJ Stanhope, JP Holden

3:45 PREDICTING FUNCTION FROM STRUCTURE: THE
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PLANTAR PRESSURE AND
RADIOGRAPHIC MEASURES OF THE FOOT
E Morag, AJM Boulton, MJ Young, KT Galvin, SE Pammer,PR Cavanagh

4:00 A COMPARISON OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL LOWER EXTREMITY
KINEMATICS DURING RUNNING BETWEEN PRONATORS AND
NORMALS
I McClay, K Manal

SESSION 7: TISSUE MECHANICS
Chair: Clint Rubin, PhD
9:00 THE OBSERVATION OF TISSUE LOAD, DEFORMATION AND
STRAIN IN AND AROUND THE LUMBAR FACET JOINT
QH Li, JM Cavanaugh, AC Ozaktay, KH Yang, AI King

9:15 RADIAL TENSILE PROPERTIES OF THE LUMBAR ANNULUS
=46IBROSUS
JC Lotz, Y Fujita, O Soejima

9:30 STRUCTURAL STIFFNESS OF THE TRIANGULAR
=46IBROCARTILAGE COMPLEX
BC Adams, RL Aper, KA Holley

9:45 INFLUENCE OF SITE, EXERCISE AND SYNOVITIS ON INTRINSIC
MATERIAL PROPERTIES OF EQUINE THIRD CARPAL
ARTICULAR CARTILAGE
AL Bertone, JL Palmer, J Mansour

10:00 EVALUATION OF A CLASS OF HYPERELASTIC CONSTITUTIVE
MODELS FOR FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF EXPERIMENTALLY
INDUCED DEFECTS IN THE GOAT PATELLAR TENDON
B Haridas, DL Butler




SESSION 8: JOINTS
Chair: Louis Draganich, PhD
9:00 MEASUREMENT OF TIBIOFEMORAL CONTACT FORCE
=46OLLOWING TOTAL KNEE ARTHROPLASTY USING A SIX-
DEGREE-OF-FREEDOM TRANSDUCER
R Singerman, H Pagan, J Berilla, D Davy

9:15 ONE-STAGE VERSUS TWO-STAGE BILATERAL KNEE
ARTHROPLASTY: A BIOMECHANICAL ASSESSMENT
JE Perry, BL Davis, LS Borden, TM Owings

9:30 EFFECTS OF PATELLAR THICKNESS ON THE A-P DRAWER OF
TIBIA AFTER TOTAL KNEE ARTHRO-PLASTY
AX Zhang, MC Miller, RA Berger, YA Navalgund, HE Rubash,
S L-Y Woo

9:45 OFFSET HINGES IN THE WRIST JOINT: MODEL PREDICTIONS
AND VERIFICATION
K. Hollerbach. A Hollister, C Chen, S Burastero, M Shih

10:00 CHANGES IN CARPAL KINEMATICS WITH DISPLACED INTRA-
ARTICULAR FRACTURES OF THE DISTAL RADIUS
JD DesJardins, TE Daniel, ME Baratz, DD Anderson, JE Imbriglia

SESSION 9: REHABILITATION
Chair: Irene McClay, PT, PhD
10:30 POST-ROTATIONPLASTY, ANKLE JOINT MOTION ANALYSIS-
EFFECTIVE AXIS CHANGES UNDER LOAD SIMULATING NORMAL
GAIT
MC Carson, S Naumann, W Cleghorn

10:45 KINETIC ANALYSIS OF PREFERRED AND FAST CADENCES IN
SUBJECTS WITH PROXIMAL FEMORAL FOCAL DEFICIENCY
D Irvine, E Fowler, R Zernicke, Y Setoguchi, W Oppenheim

11:00 EFFECTS OF GROWTH ON GAIT CHARACTERISTICS OF BELOW-
KNEE-AMPUTEE AND ABLE-BODIED CHILDREN
JR Engsberg, KG Tedford, JA Harder

11:15 GAIT CHARACTERISTICS OF MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS PATIENTS
PRE AND POST AN EXERCISE TRAINING PROGRAM
MM Rodgers, JA Ponichtera-Mulcare, DL King

11:30 SIX DEGREE OF FREEDOM JOINT POWER TO EVALUATE
ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT DEFICIENCY IN STAIR CLIMBING
J Duncan, D Kowalk, C Vaughan

SESSION 10: BONE
Chair: TBA
10:30 CHARACTERIZING THE HOMEOSTATIC REMODELING STIMULUS
WITHIN THE TURKEY ULNA
DJ Adams, AA Spirt, RA Brand, CT Rubin, TD Brown

10:45 CONTRIBUTION OF BONE'S CONSTITUENTS TO THE
ANISTROPIC PROPERTIES OF OSTEONAL BONE
A Chandran, RMS Pidaparti, CH Turner

11:00 DETERMINANTS OF LONG BONE STRUCTURAL PROPERTIES
TM Cleek, B Katz, RT Whalen


11:15 INCREASED BONE BLOOD FLOW PRECEDES DISUSE INDUCED
BONE LOSS
TS Gross, MR Doschak, RC Bray, RF Zernicke

11:30 AN ANALYSIS OF STRAINS SURROUNDING LACUNAE AND
CANALICULI
BA Riemer, SJ Hollister

SESSION 11: MOTOR CONTROL
Chair: Jill McNitt-Gray, PhD
4:00 DIRECTIONAL SPECIFICITY OF POSTURAL MUSCLES DURING
=46AST ARM MOVEMENTS
AS Aruin, MB Shapiro, ML Latash

4:15 IS POSTURAL SWAY STOCHASTIC OR CHAOTIC?
JJ Collins, CJ DeLuca

4:30 DEVELOPMENT OF NEW EXPERIMENTAL PROTOCOL TO
QUANTITATIVELY ASSESS THE NEUROMUSCULAR CONTROL
CAPABILITY OF THE TRUNK MUSCLES
JY Kim, M Parnianpour, WS Marras

4:45 EFFECTS OF MANIPULATING HEAD ORIENTATION OF
SENSORIMOTOR TRANSFORMATIONS
WG Darling, AJ Butler, A Eversmeryer, G Entsminger

5:00 INTERACTIONS IN RAPID UNCONSTRAINED ARM MOVEMENT
D-A Hong, GL Gottlieb, DM Corcos

5:15 REPRESENTATION OF A VIRTUAL TRAJECTORY DURING
MOVEMENT OF A SINGLE- LINK SAGITTAL ARM
S McGlamery, M Parnianpour

SESSION 12: SPINE
Chair: Ronald F. Zernicke, PhD
4:00 MUSCLE ACTIVITY AND SPINAL LOADS DURING DYNAMIC
TORSIONAL EXERTIONS
KP Granata, WS Marras

4:15 ISOLATED ERECTOR SPINAE FATIGUE AND LIFTING
MECHANICS
JF Hivon, JR Potvin

4:30 TORSO MUSCLE RECRUITMENT IN RESPONSE TO SAGITTAL
PLANE L4/L5 SHEAR AND MOMENT LOADING
U Raschke, DB Chaffin

4:45 STABILITY OF THE LUMBAR SPINE IN MAXIMAL EFFORTS
M Gardner-Morse, IAF Stokes, JP Laible

5:00 THE INTERACTION OF SPINE FLEXION AND PELVIS ROTATION
CONTRIBUTIONS TO TRUNK INCLINATION DURING DYNAMIC
LIFTING TASKS
DC Ursulak, JR Potvin

5:15 MEASURING MOMENTS AND FORCES IN 6 DOF IN A SPINE
MOTION SEGMENT
DR Baker, JD Kang, GA Livesay, S L-Y Woo



POSTER SESSION I

1. COLLISION PHASE OF SOCCER KICKING
N Tsaousidis, V Zatsiorsky

2. COLLISION PHASE OF THE BACKHAND TENNIS VOLLEY
J Bauer

3. KINEMATICS OF THE THROWING ARM SEGMENTS DURING A
PENALTY THROW IN WATER POLO
ME Feltner

4. THREE-DIMENSIONAL VIDEOGRAPHY OF SWIMMING WITH
PANNING PERISCOPES
T Yanai, JG Hay, JT Gerot

5. THE EFFECT OF LIFTING BELTS ON TRUNK MOTIONS
SA Lavender, JS Thomas, O Chang, GBJ Andersson

6. REACTION FORCES AND IMPULSES EXPERIENCED DURING THE
TAKE-OFF AND LANDING OF TUMBLING SKILLS
BA Munkasy, JL McNitt-Gray, M Welch

7. ANGULAR MOMENTUM STRATEGIES IN AXEL JUMPING
DI Miller, WJ Albert

8. A COMPARISON OF SARGENT JUMP HEIGHT AND ACTUAL
=46LIGHT HEIGHT IN VERTICAL JUMP
RN Hinrichs, PF Vint

9. FORCES CREATED DURING GIANT SWINGS
RJ Neal, V Kippers, D Plooy, M Forwood

10. MECHANICAL TESTING OF MATERIALS USED IN THE
CONSTRUCTION OF PLAYING CASTS
RE Bahamonde, K Malone

11. CHANGES IN MUSCLE ACTIVATION PATTERNS DURING STATIC
TASKS: A COMPARISON OF ISOMETRIC VERSUS ISOINERTIAL
LOADING
TS Buchanan, DG Lloyd

12. DETERMINING SELECTED MUSCULOSKELETAL PARAMETERS
OF THE QUADRICEPS MUSCLES USING MAGNETIC
RESONANCE IMAGING AND RADIOGRAPHY
JW Chow, JC Ehrhardt, WG Darling

13. MAXIMUM MUSCLE STRESS ON THE QUADRICEPS MUSCLES
JW Chow, JC Ehrhardt, WG Darling

14. BILATERAL DEFICIT IS DIFFERENTIALLY AFFECTED DURING
CONCENTRIC AND ECCENTRIC CONTRACTIONS
MD Grabiner, TM Owings

15. DO RELATIVE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE NET JOINT MOMENT
CHANGE AFTER EXTENDED PRACTICE?
GD Heise, A Cornwell

16. A UNIQUE TREADMILL DEVICE FOR SYMMETRY ASSESSMENT
AND REAL-TIME VISUAL FEEDBACK DURING GAIT
JB Dingwell, BL Davis, DM Frazier, JH Campbell

17. POST-ACTIVATION EFFECTS AND FACILITATION OF BALLISTIC
MUSCLE ACTIONS
RU Newton, K Colleran, WJ Kraemer

18. AN ITERATIVE SEGMENT LENGTH NORMALIZATION ROUTINE
=46OR USE WITH LINKED SEGMENT MODELS
GA Smith

19. THREE-DIMENSIONAL NORMATIVE DATABASES OF MUSCLE
ORIGINS AND INSERTIONS FOR THE LOWER EXTREMITIES
TM Kepple, HJ Sommer III, KL Siegel, SJ Stanhope

20. A HUMAN LOWER EXTREMITY MODEL FORMULATED USING
KANE'S METHOD
RD Komistek, JB Stiehl, RD Paxson, RW Soutas-Little

21. THE EFFECT OF QUADRICIPS LOAD ON LIGAMENT LENGTHS IN
THE KNEE
Yeou-Fang, LF Draganich

22. COMPARISON OF MECHANICAL ENERGY EXPENDITURE OF
DIFFERENT SOURCES OF MECHANICAL ENERGY DURING HUMAN
LOCOMOTION: JOINT MOMENTS VS. MUSCLE FORCES
BI Prilutsky, LN Petrova, LM Raitsin

23. AN APPROACH FOR A DETAILED ANALYTICAL MODEL OF THE
HUMAN LOWER EXTREMITY DURING A DROP LANDING
S McGuan, L Gutkowski, Q Liu

24. THE VOLUNTARY STRENGTH OF A HUMAN HAND MUSCLE
CANNOT BE PREDICTED BY ITS SIZE
GH Yue, DA Keen, RM Enoka

25. BIOMECHANICAL DETERMINANTS OF HUMAN WRIST JOINT
STRENGTH
SD Shoemaker, TJ Burkholder, GH Loren, MD Jacobson,
RL Lieber

26. VALIDATION OF A FINITE ELEMENT MODEL OF THE
=46UNCTIONALLY LOADED ZYGOMATIC ARCH BY IN VIVO
STRAIN GAUGE DATA
EC Borrazzo, WL Hylander, CT Rubin

27. AN EVALUATION OF THE BENDING AND TORSIONAL RIGIDITIES
OF THE TIBIAE- INTRAMEDULLARY ROD CONSTRUCT IN
COMMINUTED FRACTURES SUBJECTED TO PHYSIOLOGICAL
LOADING: PRELIMINARY RESULTS
MT Archdeacon, AE Engin, RF Ostrum

28. ADVANTAGES OF DORSAL CORE SUTURE PLACEMENT
TECHNIQUE IN FLEXOR TENDON REPAIR: A BIOMECHANICAL AND
STRUCTURAL STUDY
O Soejima, E Diao, JC Lotz, JS Hariharan

29. INITIAL STABILITY OF INTACT AND INSTRUMENTED CERVICAL
SPINAL SEGMENTS AS DETERMINED BY FLEXIBILITY TESTING
AGU Brantley, TR Oxland, JB Koeneman

30. DEVELOPMENT OF 3D SURFACE RESPONSE OF TRUNK
STRENGTH AS A FUNCTION OF TRUNK POSITION AND ANGULAR
VELOCITY
KA Khalaf, M Parnianpour, PJ Sparto


POSTER SESSION II

1. LOAD ON THE THUMB OF THE OBOIST'S
WP Smutz, AT Bishop, H Niblock, M Drexler, KN An, M Johnson

2. INVARIANT RELATIVE FOOT POSITION DURING RECOVERY
=46ROM AN IMPENDING FORWARD FALL
JW Feuerbach, MD Grabiner

3. GROUND REACTION FORCE ANALYSIS OF CHANGING
DIRECTION DURING WALKING
D Xu, MH Moeinzadeh

4. QUANTITATIVE RELATION BETWEEN THE COMPLIANCE OF THE
SUPPORTING SURFACE AND THE FORCE INPUT TO THE FEET
DURING UPRIGHT BALANCE
J-H Chiang, G Wu

5. EFFECTS OF ANTI-FATIGUE FLOOR MATS ON POSTURAL SWAY
K Barin, M Parnianpour, PJ Sparto

6. YOUNG AND ELDERLY ADULTS ADOPT DIFFERENT STEPPING
STRATEGIES WHEN CLEARING OBSTACLES
JE Kasprisin, MD Grabiner

7. EFFECT OF AGE AND VELOCITY ON THE RELIABILITY OF
DETECTING ANKLE PLANTAR- AND DORSIFLEXION MOTIONS IN
UPRIGHT STANCE
DG Thelen, C Brockmiller, JA Ashton-Miller, AB Schultz, NB Alexander

8. KINETICS OF PREFERRED AND NON-PREFERRED SPEEDS OF
WALKING AND RUNNING
MM Ryan, RJ Gregor

9. SIMULATION OF HYPO- AND HYPER-GRAVITY LOCOMOTION
RT Whalen, GA Breit, D Schwandt

10. POSTURAL SYNERGIES DURING FAST MOVEMENTS IN A JOINT
OF A TWO-JOINT LIMB SEGMENT
MB Shapiro, AS Aruin, ML Latash

11. BIOMECHANICS OF DESCENDING ON RAMPS
MS Redfern, J DiPasquale

12. MOMENTUM ANALYSIS OF RISING FROM A CHAIR
PO Riley, R Popat, B Kaya, DE Krebs

13. BIOMECHANICAL COMPARISON OF FUNCTIONAL ELECTRICAL
STIMULATION- INDUCED AND ACTIVE KNEE EXTENSION
EXERCISE
MM Rodgers, RM Glaser

14. ERROR ANALYSIS OF TWO SYSTEMS TO MEASURE IN-SHOE
PRESSURES
B Xia, JC Garbalosa, PR Cavanagh

15. EFFECT OF TRANSDUCER SIZE OF PLANTAR PRESSURE
PROFILES: ANALYSIS OF SPATIAL FREQUENCY USING THE 2D
=46AST FOURIER TRANSFORM
SB Hanson, BL Davis, RM Cothren, P Quesada, JE Perry

16. ARCH INDEX AS A PREDICTOR OF ARCH HEIGHT
JL McCrory, MJ Young, AJM Boulton, PR Cavanagh

17. A COMPARISON OF COUPLING PARAMETERS BETWEEN
RUNNERS WHO PRONATE AND NORMALS
I McClay, K Manal

18. BILATERAL VERTICAL FORCE SYMMETRY FOR NORMAL
TREADMILL AND OVERGROUND GAIT
SC White, CA tucker, KA DiVincenzo, HJ Yack

19. A GROUND-REACTION-FORCE MEASURING TREADMILL
D Fuglewicz, W Klavoon

20. QUANTIFICATION OF CYCLIC GROUND REACTION FORCE
HISTORIES DURING DAILY ACTIVITY IN HUMANS
GA Breit, RT Whalen

21. MUSCLE ACTIVATION AFFECTS SKELETAL MUSCLE
CONTUSION INJURY IN RAT GASTROCNEMIUS
JJ Crisco, W Jackson, K Hentel, J Choi, P Jokl

22. ESTIMATE OF FUNCTIONAL COMMON TENDON BETWEEN TWO
PARTS OF CAT SOLEUS MUSCLE
TG Sandercock, CJ Heckman

23. THE EFFECT OF RANDOM, WHOLE-BODY VIBRATION AND HEAD-
SUPPORTED MASS ON NECK MUSCLE ELECTROMYOGRAPHIC
ACTIVITY AND PSYCHO- PHYSIOLOGICAL PERFORMANCE OF
U.S. ARMY HELICOPTER PILOTS
SA Lantz, BP Butler

24. EXERCISE DECREASES LIGAMENTOUS STIFFNESS IN THE
WRIST
JJ Crisco, S Chelikani, R Brown, SW Wolfe

25. ACCURACY OF A VIDEO STRAIN MEASUREMENT SYSTEM
WP Smutz, M Drexler, LJ Berglund, E Growney, KN An

26. PRESSURE-VOLUME RELATIONSHIPS IN NORMAL EQUINE
MIDCARPAL JOINTS
J Hardy. AL Bertone, WW Muir

27. A MECHANICAL MODEL OF VISCOELASTIC BEHAVIOR OF
ACRYLIC BONE CEMENTS
DN Yetkinler, AS Litsky

28. FINITE ELEMENT MODELING OF POLYTHYLENE STRESSES
USING INDUSTRIAL TOLERANCES FOR FEMORAL HEAD SIZES IN
TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENTS
TA Maxian, TD Brown, DR Pedersen, JJ Callaghan

29. INITIAL EVALUATION OF A DIGITAL EDGE DETECTION
TECHNIQUE TO MEASURE UHMWPe WEAR IN TOTAL HIP
REPLACEMENTS
SM Shaver, TD Brown, JJ Callaghan

30. AN IN VITRO METHOD FOR QUANTIFYING THE EFFECTIVENESS
OF THE LONGITUDINAL ARCH SUPPORT MECHANISM OF A
=46OOT ORTHOSIS
GF Kogler, SE Solomonidis, JP Paul





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