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Murphy Norman
04-13-1995, 03:23 AM
Dear Netters,

In reply to my posting regarding tibia bone stress/vibration studies, you
will find a summary of the replies received.

Specifically, this summary consists of a list of articles which
is then followed by recent abstracts as well as comments, references and
individuals to contact for more information.

Special thanks to all (many) of you replying to my posting.

Finally, I would like to mention that my "last resource" email positng to
obtain information (papers, non-refereed abstract publications and
unpublished information) resulted in a large demande of Netters replying
to the posting and wanting a summary.

Sincerely,

Norman


REFERENCE LIST

Alexander, R.McN., Jayes, A.S. Fourier analysis of forces exerted in
walking and running. J. Biomechanics, 13, 383-390, 1980.

Antonsson, E.K., Mann, R.W. The frequency content of gait. J.
Biomechanics, 18 (1), 39-47, 1985.

F.J. Bejjani, N. Halpern, A. Pio, R. Dominguez, A.S. Voloshin and
V.H.Frankel, "Musculoskeletal Demands on Flamenco Dancers: A Clinical and
Biomechanical Study," Foot & Ankle, 8(5), 254-263, 1988.

Bhattacharya, A., McCutcheon, E.P., Shvartz, E., Greenleaf, J.E. Body
acceleration distribution and O2 uptake in humans during running and
jumping. J. Appl. Physiol.: Respirat. Environ.Exercise Physiol., 49(5),
881-887, 1980.

Bouvier M., Hylander W.L. (1984) In vivo bone strain on the dog tibia
during locomotion. Acta Anat. 118: 187-192.

Cappozzo, A. Low frequency self-generated vibration during ambulation in
normal men. J. Biomechanics, 15 (8), 599-609, 1982.

Carter, D.R., "Anisotropic analysis of strain rosette information from
cortical bone," J. Biomechanics, vol. 11, pp. 199-202, 1978.

Doherty WP, Bovill EG, Wilson?; Evaluation of the use of resonant
frequencies to characterize physical properties of human long bones. J.
Biomech. 7:5590-61, 1974.

Hennig, E., M. A. Lafortune: Tibial bone and skin accelerations during
running. In: C.E. Cotton, M. L., D.G.E. Robertson & J.P. Stothart (Eds.):
Vth. Biennial Conference of Canadian Society of Biomechanics. Ottawa
1988, 74-75.

Hennig, E.M., Lafortune, M.A. Tibial bone acceleration and ground
reaction force parameters during running. Abstract, XII Congressof the
Int. Soc. of Biomechanics, 1989.

Hennig, E. M., M. A. Lafortune: Relationships between ground reaction
force and tibial bone acceleration parameters. Int. J. of Sport Biom. 7
(1991), 303-309.

Hennig, E. M., T. L. Milani, M. A. Lafortune: The use of ground reaction
force parameters for the prediction of peak tibial accelerations in
running with different footwear. J. Appl. Biom. 9 (1993), 306-314.

W. Kim and A. Voloshin, "Dynamic Loading During Running on Various
Surfaces," Human Movement Science, 11(6), 675-689, 1992.

Kim, W., Voloshin, A.S., Johnson, S.H. Measurement of the impulsive bone
motion by skin mounted accelerometers. J. Biomech. Eng., 115, 47-52, 1993.

W. Kim, A.S. Voloshin and S.H. Johnson, "Modeling of Heel Strike
Transients During Running," Human Movement Science, 13, 221-244, 1994.

Lafortune, M.A. Three-dimensional acceleration of the tibia during
walking and running. J. Biomechanics, 24 (10), 877-886, 1991.

Lafortune, M.A. Tibial shock and ground reaction forces during running.
Abstract, XIII Congress ISB, Perth, Australia, December 9-13, 1991, J.
Biomechanics, 25 (7), 785, 1992.

Lafortune, M.A., Hennig, E.M. Contribution of angular motion and gravity
to tibial acceleration. Abstract International Society of Biomechanics,
1989.

Lafortune, M.A., Hennig, E.M. Contribution of angular motion and gravity
to tibial acceleration. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 23 (3), 360-363, 1991.

Lafortune, M.A., Lake, M.J., Hennig, E. Transfer function between tibial
acceleration and ground reaction force. J. Biomechanics, 28 (1), 113-117,
1995.

Lanyon L.E., Hampson W.G.J., Goodship A.E., Shah J.S. (1975) Bone
deformation recorded in vivo from strain gauges attached to the
humantibial shaft. Acta Orthop. Scand. 46: 256-268.

Loy, D.J., Voloshin, A.S. biomechanics of stair walking and jumping. J.
Sport Sciences, 9, 137-149, 1991.

C. Milgrom, A. Finestone, N. Shlamkovitch, J. Wosk, A. Laor, A. Voloshin
and A. Eldad, "Prevention of Overuse Injures of the Foot by Improved Shoe
Shock Attenuation: A Randomized Prospective Study," Clinical
Orthopaedics and Related Research 281, 189- 19 2, 1992.

Natarajan R., Andriacchi T.P. (1988)The influence of displacement
incompatibilities on bone ingrowth in porous tibial components. 34th
Annual Meeting, Orthopaedic Research Society Book of Abstracts- Atlanta,
Georgia:331.

Rubin C.T., Lanyon L.E. (1982) Limb mechanics as a function of speed and
gait: a study of functional strains in the radius and tibia of horse and
dog. J. Exp. Biol. 101: 187-211.

Schnabel, G., E. M. Hennig, T. L. Milani: The influence of running speed
on rearfoot motion, tibial acceleration and in-shoe pressure
distribution. In: Herzog, W., B. M. Nigg, T. v. d. Bogert (Eds.): 8th
Biennial Conference of the Canadian Society of Biomechanics. Organizing
Committee, Calgary 1994, 24-25.

Turner, C.H., Yoshikawa, T., Forwood, M.R., Sun, T.C., Burr, D.B. High
frequency components of bone strain in dogs measured during various
activities. J. Biomechanics, 28 (1), 39-44, 1995.

A.S. Voloshin, "Shock Absorption During Running and Walking," Journal of
American Podiatric Medical Association, 78(6), 295-299, 1988.

A.S. Voloshin, F.J. Bejjani, M. Halpern and V.H. Frankel, "Dynamic
Loading on Flamenco Dancers: A Biomechanical Study," Human Movement
Science, 8, 503-513, 1989.

A.S. Voloshin and D. J. Loy, "Biomechanical Evaluation and Management of
the Shock Waves Resulting from the High Heel Gait, I - Temporal Domain
Study," Gait and Posture, 2 (2), 117-122, 1994.

A.S. Voloshin and J. Wosk, "Influence of Artificial Shock Absorbers on
Human Gait," Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 160, 52-56,
October 1981.

A.S. Voloshin, J. Wosk and M. Brull, "Force Wave Transmission Through the
Human Locomotor System," Journal of Biomedical Engineering, 103 , 48-50,
February 1981.

A.S. Voloshin and J. Wosk, "An In-Vivo Study on Low Back Pain and Shock
Absorption in the Human Locomotor System," Journal of Biomechanics,
15(1), 21-27, 1982.

A.S. Voloshin and J. Wosk, "Shock Absorption of Menisectomized and
Painful Knees: A Comparative In-Vivo Study," Journal of Biomedical
Engineering, 5(2), 157-160, April 1982.

A.S. Voloshin and J. Wosk, "Does Body Weight Significantly Contribute to
Joint Degeneration?," Journal of Clinical Engineering, 9(2), 153-158,
April-June 1984.

J. Wosk and A.S. Voloshin, "Wave Attenuation in Skeletons of Young
Healthy Persons," Journal of Biomechanics, 14(4), 261-268, l981.

J. Wosk and A.S. Voloshin, "Fracture Fixation by Using Vibration
Absorbers," ISA Transactions, 24(2), 47-52, 1985.

J. Wosk and A.S. Voloshin, "Low Back Pain: Conservative Treatment with
Artificial Shock Absorbers," Archives of Physical Medicine and
Rehabilitation, 66(3), 145-148, 1985.


RECENT ABSTRACTS

Humans:
Burr DB et al. (1995) Human in vivo tibial strains during vigorous
activity. 41st Annual Meeting, Orthopaedic Research Society, February
13-16, Orlando, FL p. 202.

Chickens:
Konieczynski DD et al (1995) Cortical strain patterns for treadmill and
general loading activities. 41st Annual Meeting, Orthopaedic Research
Society, February 13-16, Orlando, FL p. 203.

Turkeys:
Fritton SP et al (1995) Persistent, low magnitude strains as the dominant
source of mechanical information in a bone's 24 hour strain history.
41st Annual Meeting, Orthopaedic Research Society, February 13-16,
Orlando, FL p. 547.

Bats:
Swartz SM et al (1992) Bone loading during flight: an in vivo strain
analysis of large fruit bats. Proceedings of NACOB II, the Second North
American Congress on Biomechanics, Chicago, August 24-28 p. 227.


ADDITIONAL COMMENTS, REFERENCES AND CONTACTS

There has been research done with regard to vibration effects on
arthritis and DJD. Look at some of the arthritis journals for some
overlapping information.

Regarding tibial vibration, much of this work has been done by Arkady
Voloshin who is in Mechanicl Engineering at Hershey, or Arield Simkin at
the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. Also, you could contact King Yang in
Mechanical engieering at Wayne State University.

Strain was monitored in vivo in humans at a stress fracture site for
Israeli soldiers. The initial report of this experiment can be found in
the Trans. of the Orthopedic Research Society, vol. 20 1995 (Human in
vivo tibial strains during vigorous activit y, Burr et al.).

Strain was also monitored in vivo in a rabbit stress fracture model
(model described in JBJS 72B:370-375, Burr et al.)

Some work is being done regarding bone sound conduction velocities in
Australia.
Tim Lawes
T.J.Lawes@bristol.ac.uk


Finally, you may want to contact:

David Burr
Indiana University
Dept Anatomy
He recently reported on "human in vivo tibial strains during vigorous
activity" at the ORS meeting - this involved starin gaging his own and
1-2 others' tibias.

Prof. Dr. Stuessi
ETH
Biomechanics Laboratory
Wagistrasse 4
CH-8952 Schlieren
Fax: +41 1 731 07 89
e-mail: biomecha@czeth5a

Mitch Schaffler
D.B. Burr
C. Milgrom
They have been working on tibial stress fractures and have published an
abstract at the ORS meeting on Feb 13-16 1995: pp202-34.