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The Canadian Society For Biomechanics will hold its IXth Biennial
Conference at Simon Fraser University, West Mall Complex, on August 21-24,
1996. The SFU Burnaby Mountain Campus overlooks the beautiful city of
Vancouver, British Columbia. The program (detailed below and also in a
formatted attachment) includes three pre-conference half-day courses and
approximately 27 invited and 150 submitted presentations. Advance or
on-site registration is still possible by contacting Penny Southby (see
below). Many discounted airfares from the USA are in place and the
Canadian dollar remains attractively valued at about U.S. $0.73.

******

PROGRAM

Wednesday, August 21

SHORT COURSES
9:00 - 12:30 M. Solomonow and R. Baratta
Principles of surface and intramuscular EMG collection and
analysis
(Theory and Demonstration).

2:00 - 5:30 S. Woo, G. Livesay and J. Weiss
The biomechanics of ligaments and the kinematics of joints.

2:00 - 5:30 R.B. Stein, M. Solomonow, A. Prochazka and J.A. Hoffer
Functional Electrical Stimulation

6:30 - 9:00 p.m. - OPENING RECEPTION

Thursday, August 22

8:30 Welcome Address

8:45 KEYNOTE LECTURE
Peter A. Huijing
Insights on Muscle Structure and Function

10:00 - 10:30 a.m Refreshment Break

10:30 - 12:00 SYMPOSIUM: CELLULAR BIOMECHANICS
Chair: G. Tibbits

10:30 - 10:55 H. Granzier
Titin: a bi-directional spring and modular of
filament sliding?

10:55 - 11:20 G. Diffee
Myofilament lattice spacing and myosin regulatory
light chain in the regulation of muscle
contraction.

11:20 - 11:45 G. Pollack
Quantal nature of contraction.

11:45 - 12:00 General Discussion

10:30 - 12:00 ORTHOPAEDICS I Slide Session

10:30 - 10:45 J.P. Baudin, J. Bury, N. Johma, R. Balyk, J. Chepeha
The effect of a shoulder girdle on proprioception
in individuals with atraumatic multidirectional
shoulder instability.

10:45 - 11:00 S. Boyd, J.L. Ronsky
Instantaneous moment arm determination of the cat
knee joint.

11:00 - 11:15 S. Purkiss, SJ Tredwell
Effect of pedicle abnormalities on developement of
dystrophic Scoliosis.

11:15 - 11:30 C. Haid, S. Fischler, B. Frischhut, A. Koller
Determination of the curvaure of the back in the
medial sagittal plane by using an inclinometer.

11:30 - 11:45 J. Dansereau, H. Labelle, J. deGuise, C.
Bellefleur, B. Poitras 3-D displacements of the
spine during scoliosis surgery.

11:45 - 12:00 B.J. Sawatsky, S.J. Tredwell. S.B. Jang, C.R.
Reilly, A.H. Black, K.S. Booth
Effects of 3D assessment of surgical correction on
hook strategies.

12 noon - 1:30 p.m. Lunch Break

1:30 - 3:30 SYMPOSIUM: SKELETAL MUSCLE MODELS
Chair: W. Herzog

1:30 - 1:40 G. Pollack
The cross-bridge theory - a feasible model for
skeletal muscle.

1:40 - 1:50 M. Epstein
The sliding filament theory - can we assume
myofilaments to be rigid?

1:50 - 2:00 T. v.d. Bogert
Who cares about cross-bridges and myofilaments anyway?

2:00 - 2:30 General Discussion

2:30 - 2:40 P. Huijing
Models of geometrical and structural changes of
entire skeletal muscles during contraction.

2:40 - 2:50 J. Bobet
Muscle models in functional electrical stimulation
- special considerations.

2:50 - 3:00 R. Lieber
From sarcomere dynamics to joint movement - can it
be modelled?

3:00 - 3:30 General Discussion

1:30 - 1:30 OCCUPATIONAL MECHANICS Slide Session

1:30 - 1:45 M. Gagnon
Experts and novices'strategies in sagittal,plane
lifting: box tilts and knee motions.

1:45 - 2:00 D. Gagnon, M. Mercier, C. Lariviere, A. Ghorbal
An evaluation of joint moment distribution for lifting.

2:00 - 2:15 A. Delisle, M. Gagnon, P. Desjardins
An approach to estimate worker's stability in
manual materials holding.

2:15 - 2:30 M.I.V. Mientjes, R.W. Norman
An EMG based continuous low back load estimation
technique for three dimensional workplac related jobs
and tasks.

2:30 - 2:45 P. Neumann, R.P. Wells, R.W. Norman, B. Jeans
Reliability and accuracy of a video-based workplace
posture assesment system.

2:45 - 3:00 R.W. Wheeler, J.M. Stevenson, G.A. Dumas
Effect of shoulder translocation on lumbar moments
for symmetric loading.

3:00 - 3:15 D. Rancourt, C. Dube
Characterization of grip force on a power drill handle.

3:15 - 3:30 A. Kaushik, A.B. Thornton-Trump, M. Rehan Mirza
Physiological assessment of electronic assembly
workstation by using electromyography.


4:00 - 5:30 MOTOR CONTROL I Slide Session

4:00 - 4:15 M. Solomonow, M. Bernardi, R.V. Baratta
Modification of motor unit recruitment strategy due
to skill aquisition.

4:15 - 4:30 C. Patten, G. Kamen
Adaptations in motor unit discharge behavior
following isometric resistance training in
young and older adults.

4:30 - 4:45 A.G. Cresswell, W.N. Loscher, A. Thorstensson
Observations on a-motorneuron firing rates and
recruitment during a submaximal fatiguing contraction.

4:45 - 5:00 A.B. Leger, T.E. Milner
Decomposition of joint stiffness following exercise
induced muscle injury.

5:00 - 5:15 M.A. Lafortune, P.V. MacDonald, C.S. Layne, J.J.
Bloomberg
Space flight modifications of the human body shock
wave transmission.

5:15 - 5:30 M. Kruger, M. Lammers, L.J. Stoner, D. Allyn, R. Fuller
Musical performance: Successful movement of the
trombone slide.

4:00 - 5:30 MODELLING I Slide Session

4:00 - 4:15 M. Forcinito, M. Epstein, W. Herzog
Calculation of the thoretical stiffness for a
discrete sarcomere model.

4:15 - 4:30 J. Bobet, R.B. Stein
A simple model reproduces behavior of isometric muscle.

4:30 - 4:45 O. Levin, J. Mizrahi (communicated by J. Mizrahi)
Modelling of muscle (peripheral) fatigue and recovery.

4:45 - 5:00 M.M. Liu, W. Herzog
Predicting muscle forces from EMG signals using an
artificial neural network

5:00 - 5:15 A.B. Mitnitski, L.H. Yahia, A.G. Feldman
A two joint model of the spine based on the
equilibrium-point hypothesis.

5:15 - 5:30 General Discussion

4:00 - 5:30 LOCOMOTION I Slide Session

4:00 - 4:15 S.J. Olney, H. Karimi, M.P. Griffen, I.D. McBride,
B. Brouwer
Isokinetic strengthening of the affected limb of
persons with stroke and the effects on gait.

4:15 - 4:30 C. Moore, L. Dias, S. Vankoski
Knee varus moment in childrenwith lumbo-sacral
myelomeningocele: A gait analysis evaluation.

4:30 - 4:45 S. Vankoski, C. Glunz
Timing and magnitude of joint power and work in
spastic diplegic cerebral palsy.

4:45 - 5:00 R.F. Scherer, J.J. Dowling, G. Frost, M. Robinson,
K. McLean
Mechanical and metabolic work of lower extremity
amputees walking with titanium and stainless steel
prostheses.

5:00 - 5:15 K.J. Deluzio, U.P. Wyss, B. Zee, C.S. Sorbie
Principle component modelling of kinematic and
kinetic gait measures: Assessment of uni-compartment
patients.

5:15 - 5:30 L. Schutte, J. Gage, P. Selber, J. Stout
Evaluating changes in gait: A measure of distance
from normal.

5:45 - 6:45 SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS



Friday, August 23

8:30 - 10:00 LOCOMOTION SYMPOSIUM: MOBILITY IN THE ELDERLY
Chair: A. Patla
Introduction and Overview of the Symposium

8:30 - 8:50 A. Patla
Mobility problems in the elderly: Changes in
proactive adaptive gait patterns.

8:50 - 9:10 F. Prince, K.F. Zabjek, A. Niang, R.
Dumais, P. Loisel, S.E. Halliday, D.A. Winter
Quiet standing balance in elderly and hip
replacement subjects

9:10 - 9:30 B. Maki
Prediction and prevention of falls in the elerly

9:30 - 9:50 D. Winter, S. Halliday, A.E. Patla, J. Frank
Degeneration and adaptation of gait in the elderly

9:50 - 10:20 Refreshment Break

10:20 - 10:40 J. Duysens, A. M. Schillings, B.M.H. van Wezel
Reactions to walking during treadmill walking in
parkinsons patients and healthy adults

10:40 - 11:00 A. Shumway-Cook
Improving mobility function in the elderly:
translating research into clinical
practise

11:00 - 11:30 General Discussion

8:30 - 10:00 SPORT I Slide Session

8:30 - 8:45 D.D. Paine, B.P. Self, J.A. Major
Forces experienced by gymnasts during takeoffs and
landings.

8:45 - 9:00 P.L. Gervais, J.P. Baudin
Evaluation of the layout back salto dismount from
the parallel bars.

9:00 - 9:15 B.P. Self, R.M. Greenwald
Ankle kinetics during four different landing styles.

9:15 - 9:30 T.R. Derrick, J. Hamill, G.E. Caldwell
Energy absorption during running at various stride
frequencies.

9:30 - 9:45 P. Stergiou, B.M. Nigg, P.J. Wiley, N.G. Mohtadi
Tibial rotation, Q-angle and its association to
PFPS in runners.

9:45 - 10:00 J. Sullivan, T.J. Creutzberg, R. Torres-Moreno
Force, handle position and impulse characteristics
of an elite female rower during ergometer
training.

10:30 - 11:30 TISSUE MECHANICS I Slide Session

10:30 - 10:45 C. Muller, S. Lee, B.M. Nigg (communicated by S. Lee)
Influence of tendon load on foot arch maintenance.

10:45 - 11:00 V.R. Yingling, S.M. McGill
Mechanical properties and injuries resulting from
anterior and posterior shear loading of the spine.

11:00 - 11:15 D.M. Rosler, G.A. Smith, M.S. Vrahas, R.V. Baratta
(communicated by R.V. Baratta)
Method to prepare custom impactors for in vivo
impacts to rabbit femoral cartilage.

11:15 - 11:30 E.N. Iomdina
Certain biomechanical peculiarities of the scleral
eye shell in myopia.


11:30 - 12:15 CAREER AWARD PRESENTATION


12:15 - 1:30 Lunch Break

1:30 - 3:30 SYMPOSIUM: MOTOR ACTIONS OF PROPRIOCEPTIVE FEEDBACK
Chair T. R. Nichols

1:30 - 2:00 T. Milner
Implications of velocity feedback for mechanical
stability in human movement

2:00 - 2:25 T.R. Nichols
Non-uniform distribution of length and force
feedback among skeletal muscles of the
cat

2:25 - 2:50 K. Pearson
Regulation of stepping by afferent feedback

2:50 - 3:15 A. Prochazka, D. Gillard, D.J. Bennet
Positive force feedback control of load moving muscles

3:15 - 3:30 General Discussion

1:30 - 3:00 TISSUE MECHANICS II Slide Session

1:30 - 1:45 J.P. Dickey, B. Hewlett, G.A. Dumas, D.A. Bednar
A novel macroscopic technique for quantifying 2D
collagen fibre orientation in soft tissue.

1:45 - 2:00 J.L. Ronsky, D. Young, S.K. Boyd
Mechanical properties of the cat patellar tendon
complex, in-vitro.

2:00 - 2:15 J.M. Bach, M.L. Hull
Differences in strain in the anteromedial and
posterolateral Bundles of the ACL under application
of anterior and muscular loads.

2:15 - 2:30 H.S. Gill, J.J. O'Connor
The mechanics of anteromedial arthrosis of the knee.

2:30 - 2:45 D.E. Toutoungi, A. Leardini, F. Catani, J.J. O'Connor
Cruciate ligament forces during concentric
isokinetic extension and flexion of the knee.

2:45 - 3:00 M. Lamontagne, P. Wretenberg, G. Nemeth, B. Lundin
In vivo knee moment arms measured with MRI.


3:30 - 5:30 POSTER SESSION


Locomotion Posters

1. P. Chavet, J.R. Gray, M.A. Lafortune
Passive response of the lower extremity to repetitive
impact loading.

2. P. Chavet, M.A. Lafortune, J.R. Gray
Asymmetrical response of the lower extremity to repetitive
impact loading.

3. S. Drevemo, C. Johnston, L. Roepstorff
Quantification of the effects of local anaesthesia on the
kinematics in distal forelimb lameness.

4. D. Lafontaine, D. Gagnon, G. Drouin, M. Mercier
Assessing the use of padding points for cyclic and
non-cyclic biomechanical data.

5. P. Moretto, P. Pelayo, M.A. Lafortune
The use of Froude's number to normalize human gait.

6. D. Stefanyshyn, B.M. Nigg
Mechanical energy of the metatarsophalangeal joint in sport
activities.

7. P. Westblad, K. Halvorsen, T. Hashimoto, D. Karlsson, N. Murphy, A.
Lundberg
A comprehensive method for the study of ankle/foot
kinematics and kinetics.

Balance Posters

8. A. Hayes, P. Seitz
Comparison of static and dynamic anthropometric data
measured from the barefoot, an inkprint and the
pressure distribution under the foot.

9. R.D. Seidler, P.E. Martin
The effects of balance training on the postural control of
older adults.

10. D. Winter, A. Patla, F. Prince
The inverted pendulum model of balance control in standing:
Control interpretations based on Fourier analysis.


Modeling Posters

11. C.E. Aubin, J. Dansereau, J.L. Descrimes, H. Labelle, F. Lavaste,
W. Skalli, J. de Guise
Biomechanical modeling of the spine and rib cage:
Application for the simulation of orthotic treatments.

12. P. Davidson, P.D. Milburn
A developmental/adaptive model of the musculoskeletal
stability system.

13. M. Forcinito, M. Epstein, W. Herzog
Mechanical considerations on sarcomere stiffness.

14. C. Lariviere, D. Gagnon
The sensitivity of 3D lifting linked models to kinematic
and kinetic errors.

15. S. Zachariah, J.E. Sanders
Finite element modeling of large sliding displacements
along a deformable interface: Application to the
below-knee residual limb and prosthetic socket.


Motor Control Posters

16. A.L. Adkin, A.E. Patla, D.B. Elliot
Effects of age related cataract on obstacle avoidance
strategies.

17. M.M. Cowan, D.S. Stilling, G.R. Colborne
Correlation analysis of muscle co-activation.

18. A. Dubrowski, A.E. Patla
Influence of optic flow on ego-velocity perception during
treadmill walking in humans.

19. N. Stergiou, J.A. Crussemeyer, B.T. Bates
Strategy selection during running with speed and height
perturbations.

20. C. Williams, D. Too
The effect of load and fatigue with changes in crank arm
length on lower limb kinematics in cycle ergometry.

Muscle Mechanics Posters

21. C.A. Guanche, D.J. Phillips, B-H Zhou, S.G. Petrie, R.V. Baratta
Ischemic conditioning in the feline hindlimb.

22. J.R. Potvin, L.R. Bent
A validation of surface EMG mean power frequency for
quantifying muscle fatigue during dynamic contractions.

23. M.A. Vaz, W. Herzog, B. MacIntosh, T.A. Epstein, K. Svedahl, Y.T. Zhang
Mechanism of muscle vibrations during stimulated and
voluntary isometric contractions of human skeletal muscle.


Occupational Biomechanics Posters

24. D.M. Andrews, R.W. Norman, R.P. Wells, P. Neumann
Accuracy of self-report and trained observer methods for
estimating peak loads during industrial work.

25. J.T. Bryant, J.M. Stevenson, J.G. Reid
A biomechanical model of load carriage.

26. J.T. Bryant, J.M. Stevenson, J.G. Reid
Factors affecting load carriage performance.

27. R.P. Ellegast, J. Kupfer, S. Busse, D. Reinert, W.Reis
A concept for recording stress parameters during the
performance of occupational tasks.

28. R. Fazel-Rezai, J.E. Cooper, S. Onyshko, E. Shwedyk
Generated moments at the upper limb during movement.

29. D.R. Greenhorn, J.M. Stevenson, J.M. Deakin
Gender-fair selection tests: legislative, procedural and
biomechanical factors.

30. A.B. Mitnitski, L.H. Yahia, N. Newman, S. Gracovetsky, A.G. Feldman
Parameters of the coordination between lumbar spine
lordosis and trunk inclination during weight lifting.

31. J. Stothart, S.M. McGill
Stadiometry: Sources of variability in spine shrinkage
measurement.

Orthopaedic Biomechanics Posters

32. J.S. Day, G.A. Dumas, D.J. Murdoch
Evaluation of the Polhemus Fastrak for the collection of
biomechanical kinematic data.

33. J.R. Houck, J.H. Yack
A comparison of the instantaneous center of head movement
on a fixed trunk in the sagittal plane of young and elderly
adults.

34. R.K. Jensen, T, Treitz, H. Sun
Non-linear predictions of infant segmental principal moments.

35. M.S. Kuster, G.A. Wood, N. Mrachacz, M. Kuster, B.J. Gibson
Neuromechanical deficiencies following ACL reconstruction.

36. G. Rau, R. Schmidt, C. Disselhorst-Klug
Measurement of cardan angles in wrist and elbow during free
upper extemity movements.

37. D. Rosenbaum, H.P. Becker, H.-J. Wilke
Three-dimensional kinematics of the intact and injured
ankle joint complex - a biomechanical in vitro
investigation.

38. E. Suter, W. Herzog, T. Leonard
Changes in loading characteristics and joint degeneration
after ACL transection: A long term animal model of
osteoarthritis.


Rehabilitation and Clinical Biomechanics Posters

39. P.M.Eschuk, D.J. Kriellaars
Contribution of the iliotibial band to the resultant joint
moment about the hip in the frontal plane.

40. Z.K. Moussavi, J.E. Cooper, E. Shwedyk
Dynamic pattern of clavicular motion: Development of a
three dimensional model for clavicle.

Sport Biomechanics Posters

41. L. Brereton, J. Stevenson, T. Smith, N. McKenzie
Gender related technique on performance of toe and knee
fulcrum push-ups.

42. J.A. Crussemeyer, C.R. James, B.T. Bates
Effectiveness of shock absorbing treadmill designs during
walking and running.

43. S. Fukashiro, H. Yata, Y. Ishige, K. Funato
An effect of the knee pull up- and the knee pull down-
training on the sprint run performance.

44. L. Li, G.E. Caldwell
Muscular coordination of cycling: Effect of change in grade
and posture.

45. M.M. Morlock, D. Allen, V. Bonin
Blood flow restriction caused by bandaging - an equine
in-vivo study.

Tissue Mechanics Posters

46. C. Haid, M. Krismer, S. Fischler, A. Koller
An investigation on the influence of the hamstrings when
stabilizing shear movements in the knee joint (an in vitro
study).

47. G.N. Kawchuk, W. Herzog
External stiffness measurements of the lumbar spine at rest
compared to conditions of voluntary extension.

48. M. Lamontagne, I. Ekenman, L. Tsai-Fellander, A. Lundberg, C. Rolf
In vitro mechanical properties of human tibia bone during
dynamic bending.

49. F. Stallkamp, R. Neteler, T. Schnabel, K. Nicol
Calibrating cushioning related to internal load.

50. G.R. Wohl, L. Loehrke, B.A. Watkins, R.F. Zernicke
High- and low- fat diet effects on structure and mechanics
of mature bone.

51. J.Z. Wu, W. Herzog, M. Epstein
Dynamic response of articular joints with biphasic
cartilage layers.


5:45 - 6:45 CSB - ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING


Saturday, August 24

8:30 -10:00 MOTOR CONTROL II Slide Session

8:30 - 8:45 S.D. Perry, B.E. Maki
The role of cutaneous mechanoreceptors in the
control of compensatory stepping.

8:45 - 9:00 E.P. Zehr, T. komiyama, R.B. Stein
Functional antagonism of cutaneous reflexes in the
human tibialus anterior (TA) muscle during
walking.

9:00 - 9:15 A.M. Schillings, P.H.J.A. Nieuwenhuyzen, B.M.H. van
Wezel, J. Duysens
Unexpected perturbations during human treadmill walking.

9:15 - 9:30 S. Rietdyk, A.E. Patla
Strstegies used to recover from a trip: the effect
of stability constraints.

9:30 - 9:45 L. Gilchrist
Strategies for shifting the plane of progression
during normal gait.

9:45 - 10:00 A. Bellos, M.G. Carpenter, A.E. Patla
Strategies for stepping over obstacles: Backward
stepping is similar to forward trailing limb
stepping.

8:30 - 10:00 SPORT II Slide Session

8:30 - 8:45 G.E. Caldwell, J.M. Hagberg, S.D. McCole, L. Li.
Lower extremity joint moments during uphill cycling.

8:45 - 9:00 D. Too
Comparison of joint angle and power production
during upright and recumbant cycle ergometry.

9:00 - 9:15 E.M. Hennig, G. Schnabel
Biomechanical analysisof the tennis serve for
casual and expert players.

9:15 - 9:30 G. Schnabel, E.M. Hennig
Wrist angular motion, grip strength and vibrational
arm loads of casual and expert players during
forehand and backhand drives.

9:30 - 9:45 K. Nicol
Velocity v.s. Duration of Competition: A tool for
characterizing sports events, internal load, and
limiting factors.

8:30 - 10:00 ORTHOPAEDICS II Slide Session

8:30 - 8:45 D. Wilson, J. Feikes (communicated by J. Feikes)
The one degree-of-freedom nature of the human knee
joint - Basis for a kinematic model.

8:45 - 9:00 D. Rosenbaum, H.P. Becker, H.J. Wilke
Influence of three types of tenodeses on
3D-kinematics of the ankle joint complex - a
biomechanical in vitro investigation.

9:00 - 9:15 K.P. Barnes, J.L. Ronsky, R.C. Bray, P.R.Houle
Influence of anteromedialization of the tibial
tubercle on cadaveric knee joint mechanics.

9:15 - 9:30 C.E. Little, S McGill, A. Patla
Evaluation of the rigid-link segment model
assumption for the lower extremity.

9:30 - 9:45 E.C. Hardin, J. Hamill
Impact shock during prolonged downhill running.

9:45 - 10:00 P. Moretto, P Pelayo, M.A. Lafortune
Reproducibility of in-shoe plantar pressure
mesurements (handling and time effects).

10:30 - 11:15 NEW INVESTIGATOR AWARD FINALISTS- MASTER LEVEL

10:30 - 10:45 MICHAEL ESTERLE, J. Chen, W. E. Roberts
Stress analysis around an endosseous implant.

10:45 - 11:00 STEFAN JUDEX, T. S. Gross, R. F. Zernicke
Locomotion-induced circumferential strain gradients
predict periosteal bone formation.

11:00 - 11:15 DEBORAH LAWLESS, M. LaFortune
Dorsiflexion influence upon impact loading and
shock transmission.

11:15 - 12:00 NEW INVESTIGATOR AWARD FINALISTS - OPEN LEVEL

11:15 - 11:30 SCOTT DAY, M. Hulliger, K. Norman
An assessment of the interactions of motor unit
action potentials to the aggregate EMG signal.

11:30 - 11:45 JANICE ENG, J. A. Hoffer, K. Kallesoe
Stretch reflexes elicited in standing depend on
fibre velocity, not muscle velocity.

11:45 - 12:00 EVELYN HASLER, W. Herzog, T. R. Leonard, A. Stano,
N. Nguyen
Acute changes in knee joint loading and kinematics
after ACL transection in the cat hindlimb.

12:00 - 1:30 Lunch Break

1:30 - 3:30 SYMPOSIUM: BIOMECHANICS IN THE WORKPLACE
Chair S. McGill

1:35 - 2:00 S. Kumar
Prediction of musculoskeletal injuries through
integrated biomechanical variables.

2:00 - 2:25 S. McGill
Occupational low back injury: Using biomechanic to
reduce the risk.

2:25 - 2:50 J. Morrison, D.B. Robinson, B. Cameron
Human response to whole body vibration and shock.

2:50 - 3:15 R. Wells
Biomechanics in the workplace: Contribution to
assessment of upper limb and low back disorders.

3:15 - 3:30 General Discussion

1:30 - 3:30 LOCOMOTION II Slide Session

1:30 - 1:45 H.J. Yack, R.K. Shields, A.J.Messaros, J.R. Houck
Gait changes following eccentric and concentric
fatigue protocols of the quadriceps - pilot study.

1:45 - 2:00 S.C. Swanson, T.R. Derrick, C.A. Knight, J.
Frappier, G.E. Caldwell
Joint moments and powers in level and incline
treadmill running.

2:00 - 2:15 S. Nadeau, D. Gravel, A.B. Arsenault, D. Bourbonais
Muscular utilization ratios (MURs) of the
plantarflexors during level walking at slow, natural and
fast cadences.

2:15 - 2:30 A.J. van den Bogert, J.J. de Koning
An optimal filtering for inverse dynamics analysis.

2:30 - 2:45 J.P. Callaghan, A.E. Patla, S.M. McGill
An examination of rigid link segment models for
gait analysis.

2:45 - 3:00 M.D. Bauman, M.A. Lafortune, C. Kupelweiser
The effects of foot ground contact angle on energy
return and impact loading characteristics.

3:00 - 3:15 T.L. Milani, E.M. Hennig
The influence of footwear construction on foot
mechanics during running.

3:15 - 3:30 C. Reinschmidt, A.J. van den Bogert, A. Lundberg,
B.M. Nigg, N. Murphy
Selected 3D rearfoot kinematic variables during
running derived from external and skeletal markers.

3:30 - 4:00 Refreshment Break

4:00 - 5:30 REHABILITATION Slide Session

4:00 - 4:15 J.S. Dufek, J.A. Mercer, C.S. Kosta, D. Fish
Efficacy of a tri-planar rigid AFo for walking: A
case study.

4:15 - 4:30 E.H. Melis, R. Torres-Moreno, L. Chilco, H. Barbeau
Assisted walking patterns in spinal cord rehabilitation.

4:30 - 4:45 K.D. Strange, J.A. Hoffer
FES State controller using natural sensory feedback.

4:45 -5:00 K.J. Massey, A.B. Thornton-Trump, D.J. Kriellaars
(communicated by Kriellaars)
The strength of shoulder abductors and adductors
using 2D relief maps.

5:00 - 5:15 Z.K. Moussavi, J.E. Cooper, E. Shwedyk
Measurement of head-neck motion in patients
associated with muscle myalgia.

5:15 - 5:30 J.R. Aitchison, D.P. Romilly, C. Hershler, R.E. Gosine
Quantitative analysis of spasticity.

4:00 - 5:30 MODELLING II Slide Session

4:00 - 4:15 E. Sprigings, G. Watson, J. Lanavoz, K. Russell
Removing swing from a handstand on rings: An
exploratory simulation approach.

4:15 - 4:30 M.R. Leadon, M.J. Hiley, D.G. Kerwin
Optimisation of the accelerated backward giant circle.

4:30 - 4:45 T.L. Allinger, A.J. van den Bogert
Simulation model of optimal skating techniques - the straights.

4:45 - 5:00 W. Muller
Physics of ski jumping: The lift and drag forces in the early flight
phase have a pronounced impact on the performance.

5:00 - 5:15 M. Armand, A.E. Patla, J.P. Huissoon
Strategies for going over obstacles during locomotion: A 3-D
biomechanical modeling approach.

5:15 - 5:30 K.G.M. Gerritsen, M. Hulliger, A.J. van den Bogert
Stability of computer simulated FES-assisted locomotion.

4:00 - 5:30 MUSCLE Slide Session

4:00 - 4:15 J.M. Archambault, W. Herzog
Response of the rabbit plantar flexors to chronic stimulation.

4:15 - 4:30 W. Herzog, T.R. Leonard
History-dependance of muscular force: Shortening contractions.

4:30 - 4:45 A. Koller, S. Sorichter, J. Mair, C. Haid, D. Rama, C.
Calzolari, B. Puschendorf
Skeletal Troponin I - An early marker of exercise induced muscle damage.

4:45 - 5:00 S. Riek, A.E. Chapman, T. Milner, T. Calvert
The mechanical properties of human flexor pollicus longus muscle
measured in vivo.

5:00 - 5:15 A.D. Walshe, G.J. Wilson
The influence of musculotendinous stiffness on drop jump performance.

5:15 - 5:30 General Discussion


6:00 p.m. Board Buses for BANQUET/CRUISE

******

REGISTRATION FEES (in Canadian dollars):

Full: $250 (includes banquet/cruise) 1-day: $95
Student: $75 (includes banquet/cruise) 1-day: $25

Course fees (per course) full: $30, student: $20

To register, please contact the Conference Coordinator, Penny Southby, at:

Conference Services, Halpern Centre
Simon Fraser University
Burnaby, British Columbia
CANADA V5A 1S6
Phone: (604) 291-4910 or (604) 291-3649
Fax: (604) 291-3420
E-mail: conference_services@sfu.ca

To date there are 10 rooms still available for on-campus accommodation.
Please contact the Conference Accommodations Coordinator, Suzanne Nazareno,
at:

Conference Accommodations
Room 212, McTaggart-Cowan Hal
Simon Fraser University
Burnaby, BC
CANADA V5A 1S6
Phone: (604) 2914503/4201
FAX: (604) 291-5598
e-mail: nazareno@sfu.ca

We look forward to your participation!



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Content-Type: text/plain; charset="us-ascii"

Andy Hoffer
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J.A. Hoffer, Ph.D.
Professor and Director, School of Kinesiology
Faculty of Applied Sciences, Simon Fraser University
Burnaby, British Columbia, V5A 1S6, CANADA

tel: (604) 291 3141 FAX: (604) 291 3040
e-mail: hoffer@sfu.ca
web home page:
http://www.sfu.ca/kinesiology/fac+staff/hoffer.html
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Conference Chair
Canadian Society for Biomechanics IX Biannual Conference
Vancouver, B.C., 21-24 August 1996
web home page: http://www.sfu.ca/~kallesoe/cbs/



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