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View Full Version : Summary of Vestibular Dead Zone Responses



Steve Lutes
10-02-1996, 01:23 AM
Many thanks to the readers of BIOMECH-L for thier responses to my question
on the width of the vestibular dead zone. Here's the summary as
promised------


------------------------Response 1-----------------

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Last Search run on 25 Sep 1996, at 9:42
Last modified on 25 Sep 1996, at 9:42
Contains 58 references
Listing Created 25 Sep 1996, at 9:44


63. McKinley,PA; Smith,JL (1983): Visual and vestibular contributions to
prelanding EMG during jump-downs in cats. Exp. Brain Res. 52, 439-448.
[IMPACT; INJURY; JUMPING; LANDING; NERVOUS SYSTEM; SPATIAL-ORIENTATI...]

150. Glencross,D; Thornton,E (1981): Position sense following joint injury. J.
Sports Med. 21, 23-27.
[INJURY; KINESIOLOGY; KINESTHESIS; ORIENTATION; POSITION SENSE; VEST...]

262. Berthoz,A; Pavard,B; Young,LR (1975): Perception of linear horizontal
self-motion induced by peripheral vision (linearvection): Basic
characteristics and visual-vestibular interactions. Exp. Brain Res. 23,
471-489.
[PERCEPTION; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCTION]

263. Shumway-Cook,A; Woollacott,MH (1985): The growth of stability: Postural
control from a developmental perspective. J. Mot. Beh. 17, 131-147.
[BALANCE; GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT; MOTOR LEARNING; PERCEPTION; POSTUR...]

264. Hood,JD; Kayan,A (1985): Observations upon the evoked responses to
natural vestibular stimulation. Electroenceph. & Clin. Neurophys. 62,
266-276.
[PERCEPTION; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCTION; VISION]

265. Henn,V (1983): Habituation and plasticity of the vestibulo-ocular reflex.
Acta O.R. Laryn. 30, 1-8.
[HABITUATION; PERCEPTION; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCTION; ...]

266. Rossi,B; Zani,A (1986): Difference in hemispheric functional assymetry
between athletes and nonathletes: Evidence from a unilateral tactile
matching task. Perc. Mot. Skills 62, 295-300.
[MOTOR LEARNING; PERCEPTION; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCTION]

267. Pargman,D; Schreiber,LE; Stein,F (1974): Field dependence of selected
athletic sub-groups. Med. Sci. Sports 6, 283-286.
[FIELD DEPENDENCE; PERCEPTION; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCT...]

268. Courjon,JH; Clement,G; Schmid,R (1985): The influence of interstimulus
interval on the development of vestibular habituation to repeated
velocity steps. Exp. Brain Res. 59, 10-15.
[NYSTAGMUS; PERCEPTION; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCTION]

269. Hickenbottom,RS; Bishop,B; Moriarty,TM (1985): Effects of whole body
rotation on masseteric motoneuron excitability. Exp. Neuro. 89, 442-453.
[MUSCLE CONTROL; PERCEPTION; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCTION]

270. Proctor,L; Glacklin,R; Shimizu,H; Smith,C; Lietman,P (1986): Reference
values for serial vestibular testing. Annals Otol Rhinol Laryn. 95, 83-
90.
[METHODOLOGY; PERCEPTION; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCTION]

271. Reeve,TG; Mainor,R (1983): Effects of movement context on the encoding of
kinesthetic spatial information. Res. Quar. Exer. Sport 54, 352-363.
[KINESTHESIS; MOTOR LEARNING; PERCEPTION; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTI...]

272. Brown,JL (1961): Orientation to the vertical during water immersion.
Aero. Med. 32, 209-217.
[PERCEPTION; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCTION]

273. Graybiel,A; Clark,B (1962): Perception of the horizontal or vertical with
head upright, on the side, and inverted under static conditions, and
during exposure to centripetal force. Aero. Med. 33, 147-155.
[FIELD DEPENDENCE; PERCEPTION; ROD AND FRAME; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; V...]

274. Dichgans,J; Held,R; Young,LR; Brandt,T (1972): Moving visual scenes
influence the apparent direction of gravity. Science 178, 1217-1219.
[MOTION VECTION; PERCEPTION; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCTIO...]

275. Malcolm,R; Melvill Jones,G (1970): A quantitative study of vestibular
adaptation in humans. Acta Otolaryn. 70, 126-135.
[PERCEPTION; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCTION]

276. Schoene,H; Lechner-Steinleitner,S (1978): The effect of preceding tilt on
the perceived vertical. Acta Otolaryn. 85, 68-73.
[FIELD DEPENDENCE; PERCEPTION; ROD AND FRAME; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; V...]

277. Ito,T; Sanada,Y (1965): Location of receptors for righting reflexes
acting upon the body in primates. Japanese J. Phys. 15, 235-242.
[BALANCE; MESENTERY; PERCEPTION; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUN...]

278. Edwards,AS (1946): Body sway and vision. J. Exp. Psy. 36, 526-535.
[KINESTHESIS; PERCEPTION; POSTURE; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR F...]

279. Witkin,HA; Wapner,S (1950): Visual factors in the maintenance of upright
posture. American J. Psy. Mono. 63, 1-63.
[BALANCE; FIELD DEPENDENCE; PERCEPTION; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBU...]

280. Asch,SE; Witkin,HA (1948): Studies in space orientation: I. Perception of
the upright with displaced visual field. J. Exp. Psy. 38, 325-337.
[FIELD DEPENDENCE; PERCEPTION; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCT...]

281. Asch,SE; Witkin,HA (1948): Studies in space orientation: II. Perception
of the upright with displaced visual fields and with body tilted. J. Exp.
Psy. 38, 455-477.
[BALANCE; FIELD DEPENDENCE; PERCEPTION; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBU...]

282. Witkin,HA; Asch,SE (1948): Studies in space orientation: III. Perception
of the upright in the absence of a visual field. J. Exp. Psy. 38, 762-
782.
[BALANCE; FIELD DEPENDENCE; PERCEPTION; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBU...]

283. Witkin,HA; Asch,SE (1948): Studies in space orientation: IV. Further
experiments on perception of the upright with displaced visual fields. J.
Exp. Psy. 38, 762-782.
[FIELD DEPENDENCE; PERCEPTION; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCT...]

284. Nobel,CE (1949): The perception of the vertical: III. The visual vertical
as a function of centrifugal and gravitational forces. J. Exp. Psy. 39,
839-850.
[CENTRIFUGATION; PERCEPTION; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCTIO...]

285. Malcolm,R; Melvill Jones,G (1974): Erroneous perception of vertical
motion by humans seated in the upright position. Acta Otolaryn. 77, 274-
283.
[PERCEPTION; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCTION; VISION]

286. Guedry,FE; Mortensen,CE; Nelson,JB; Correia,MJ (1978): A comparison of
nystagmus and turning sensations generated by active and passive turning.
In: Vestibular Mechanisms in Health and Disease. (Ed: Hood,JD) Academic
Press, New York, NY, 317-325.
[NYSTAGMUS; PERCEPTION; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCTION; VISION]

287. Atkin,A; Bender,MB (1968): Ocular stabilization during oscillatory head
movements. Arch. Neuro. 19, 559-566.
[HEAD MOVEMENTS; PERCEPTION; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCTIO...]

288. Melvill-Jones,G; Young,LR (1978): Subjective detection of vertical
acceleration a velocity dependent response. Acta Otolaryn. 85, 45-53.
[ACCELERATION; PERCEPTION; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCTION;...]

289. Crowley,JS (1987): Simulator sickness: A problem for army aviation.
Aviation, Space, Envir. Med. 58, 355-357.
[MOTION SICKNESS; PERCEPTION; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCTI...]

290. Igarashi,M; Kobayashi,K; Kulecz,WB; Himi,T (1986): Change in
susceptibility to vestibular-visual conflict sickness in monkeys by
repeated exposure. Acta Otolaryn. 102, 432-437.
[MOTION SICKNESS; PERCEPTION; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCTI...]

291. Rabinovitch,P; McLean,EB; Beck,GR; Brown,AC (1978): Recurrent pre-retinal
hemorrhages following a negative "g" maneuver on school playground
equipment. J. Ped. 92, 846-853.
[ACCELERATION; MOTION SICKNESS; RETINAL DAMAGE; SOMERSAULT; SPATIAL-...]

292. Nyborg,H (1974): A method for analyzing performance in the rod-and-frame
test. I. Scand. J. Psy. 15, 119-123.
[FIELD DEPENDENCE; PERCEPTION; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCT...]

293. Nyborg,H; Isaksen,B (1974): A method of analysing performance in the rod-
and-frame test. II. Scand. J. Psy. 15, 124-126.
[FIELD DEPENDENCE; METHODOLOGY; PERCEPTION; ROD AND FRAME; SPATIAL-O...]

294. Nyborg,H (1974): Light intensity in the rod-and-frame test reconsidered.
Scand. J. Psy. 15, 236-237.
[FIELD DEPENDENCE; METHODOLOGY; PERCEPTION; ROD AND FRAME; SPATIAL-O...]

295. Fluur,E (1960): A novel rotating chair. Acta Otolaryn. 52, 210-214.
[NYSTAGMUS; PERCEPTION; ROTATING CHAIR; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBU...]

297. Shick,J; Stoner,LJ; Jette,N (1983): Relationship between modern-dance
experience and balancing performance. Res. Quar. Exer. Sport 54, 79-82.
[BALANCE; DANCE; PERCEPTION; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCTIO...]

299. Loader,EC; Edwards,SW; Henschen,KP (1982): Field-dependent/field
independent characteristics of male and female basketball players. Perc.
Mot. Skills 55, 883-890.
[FIELD DEPENDENCE; FIELD INDEPENDENT; PERCEPTION; ROD AND FRAME; SPA...]

300. Krejcova,H; Jerabek,J; Bojar,M; Tutzka,E; Cerny,R; Polechova,P (1987):
Influence of sports load on the vestibular apparatus. In: The Vestibular
System: Neurophysiologic and Clinical Research. (Eds: Graham,MD; Kemink,
JL) Raven Press, New York, NY, 133-139.
[PERCEPTION; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCTION; VISION]

302. Allum,JHJ; Keshner,EA; Pfaltz,CR (1987): Is adaptation in ankle and neck
muscles dependent on an intact vestibulospinal reflex system? In: The
Vestibular System: Neurophysiologic and Clinical Research. (Eds: Graham,
MD; Kemink,JL) Raven Press, New York, NY, 365-374.
[PERCEPTION; POSTURE; REFLEX; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCTION]

1437. Schone,H (1984): Spatial orientation. Princeton University Press,
Princeton, NJ. 347 pages.
[PROPRIOCEPTION; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCTION]

1894. Gillingham,KK; Wolfe,JW (1985): Spatial orientation in flight. In:
Fundamentals of aerospace medicine. (Ed: Deltart,RL) Lea & Febiger,
Philadelphia, PA, 299-381.
[ANATOMY; PHYSIOLOGY; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCTION]

1895. McCormick,JH (1970): The relationship between position sense and
beginning diving ability. P.E.D. Thesis, Indiana University. 122 p.
[DIVING; KINESTHESIS; MOTOR LEARNING; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULA...]

1901. Shupert,CL; Lindblad,IM; Leibowitz,HW (1983): Visual testing for
competitive diving: A two visual systems approach. In: Proceedings of the
1983 U.S. Diving Sports Science Seminar. (Ed: Golden,D) U.S. Diving,
Indianapolis, IN, 100-115.
[MOTOR LEARNING; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCTION; VISION]

1902. Gabriel,JL (1989): Additional spatial orientation references for
competitive diving. (Personal Communication, May 24, 1989)
[DIVING; LETTER; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCTION]

1906. King Hogue,M (1990): Body awareness and spatial orientation. Chap. 2. In:
U.S. Diving Safety Manual. (Ed: Gabriel,JL) U.S. Diving Publications,
Indianapolis, IN, 97-103.
[DIVING; MOTOR LEARNING; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCTION]

1907. Campbell,PA (1967): What has space experience taught us about
disorientation. In: Lecturs in Aerospace Medicine. (: ) USAF School of
Aerospace Medicine Division, Brooks Air Force Base, TX, 139-149.
[DISORIENTATION; MOTOR LEARNING; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUN...]

2178. Sands,WA (1991): Science puts the spin on somersaulting. RIP 2(2), 18-20.
[DIVING; MOTOR LEARNING; PERCEPTION; SAFETY; SOMERSAULT; SPATIAL-ORI...]

2810. Schone,H; Wade,NJ (1971): The influence of force magnitude on the
perception of body position: II effect of body posture. Brit. J. Psych.
62(3), 347-352.
[BALANCE; FORCE; PERCEPTION; POSTURE; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULA...]

2817. Sands,WA (1991): Spatial orientation while somersaulting. Technique
11(1), 16-19.
[ANTICIPATION TIME; BALANCE; INJURY; ROD AND FRAME; SAFETY; SOMERSAU...]

3137. Simon,J (1994): Balance - on two feet. Mod. Athl. Coach 32(1), 17-18.

[BALANCE; CURVES; RUNNING; SPRINTING; TRACK; VESTIBULAR FUNCTION; VI...]

3232. Grigg,P (1994): Peripheral neural mechanisms in proprioception. J. Sport
Rehab. 3, 2-17.
[JOINT; LIGAMENT; MUSCLE; POSITION; PROPRIOCEPTION; SKIN MECHANORECE...]

3233. Barrack,RL; Lund,PJ; Skinner,HB (1994): Knee joint proprioception
revisited. J. Sport Rehab. 3, 18-42.
[ACL; JOINT; KNEE; LIGAMENT; MUSCLE; POSITION; PROPRIOCEPTION; REHAB...]

3284. Lackner,JR; Graybiel,A (1982): Rapid perceptual adaptation to high
gravitoinertial force levels: Evidence for context-specific adaptation.
Aviation, Space, Envir. Med. 53(8), 766-769.


[BALANCE; HYPERGRAVITY; MOTOR LEARNING; PERCEPTION; POWER; SPACEFLIG...]

3701. Weintraub,MI (1994): Vestibulopathy induced by high impact aerobics. A
new syndrome: discussion of 30 cases. J. Sports Med. Phys. Fitness 34,
56-63.
[AEROBIC DANCE; BALANCE; CASE STUDY; ENG; IMPACT; INJURY; VESTIBULAR...]

3793. Berg,WP; Wade,MG; Greer,NL (1993): Direction of gaze in real-world
bipedal locomotion. J. Human Mov. Stud. 24, 49-70.
[LOCOMOTION; MOTOR LEARNING; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCTIO...]

4246. Berthoz,A; Israel,I; Georges-Francois,P; Grasso,R; Tsuzuku,T (1995):
Spatial memory of body linear displacement: What is being stored? Science
269(5220), 95-98.
[MOTOR LEARNING; SPATIAL-ORIENTATION; VESTIBULAR FUNCTION]

4792. Euzet,J-P; Gahery,Y (1995): Relationships between position sense and
physical practice. J. Human Mov. Stud. 28, 149-173.
[KINESTHESIA; KINESTHETIC; MOTOR LEARNING; PRACTICE; SPATIAL-ORIENTA...]

------------------------Response 2-----------------
Much of the information you are requesting is compiled (from early sources)
in Howard and Templeton's "Human Spatial Orientation", Wiley & Sons, 1966.


Larry Abraham, EdD
Kinesiology & Health Education
The University of Texas at Austin
Austin, TX 78712 USA
(512)471-1273 FAX (512)471-8914
l.abraham@mail.utexas.edu
http://www.edb.utexas.edu/coe/depts/kin/

------------------------Response 3-----------------
This isn't the reply you were looking for, but it might be of some interest
to you. There's good reason to suspect that the vestibule is not, after
all, an accelerometer. Actually, the evidence that the vestibule gives
rise to perceptual information about acceleration is pretty scanty, and
open to a variety of interpretations.

At the mechanical level, "acceleration" does not stimulate the vestibule,
that is, pure acceleration does not cause any mechanical change in the
position or motion of the otoconia, canal fluid, hair cells, or any other
part of the vestibular system. Mechanical changes (movements) that
stimulate the receptor cells result, not from pure acceleration but from
jerk (the first time derivative of acceleration). Most of the data on
linear and angular motion are consistent with this.

This is a problem for the traditional view that the vestibular system
supports perception of the direction of gravity, because gravity as a pure
accelerative force has no jerk component. For this and other reasons it
can be argued that gravity is not perceived, at all, and much of the
existing literature is consistent with this view, as well.

For details and data you might want to look at the following:

Riccio, G. E., Martin, E. J., & Stoffregen, T. A. (1992). The role of
balance dynamics in the active perception of orientation. Journal of
Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 18, 624-644.

Stoffregen, T. A., & Riccio, G. E. (1988). An ecological theory of
orientation and the vestibular system. Psychological Review, 95, 3-14.


**************************************
Thomas A. Stoffregen
Department of Psychology
University of Cincinnati
PO Box 210376
Cincinnati, OH 45221-0376
USA

stoffreg@ucbeh.san.uc.edu
Phone: 513-556-5569
Fax: 513-556-1904

Tom Seaver: What time is it, Yogi?
Yogi Berra: You mean now?
**************************************

Steve Lutes
Center for Balance Disorders Rm. NA315
Dept of Oto
Baylor College of Medicine
One Baylor Plaza
Houston, TX 77030
Vox: 713-798-6336
Fax: 713-798-8658