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02-13-1998, 01:47 AM
The Third Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science
July 15th - 18th 1998, Manchester, U.K.

Preliminary Programme

Wednesday 15th July
12 NOON ONWARDS -
Registration and trade exhibition
5.00pm - Opening Ceremony
Welcome:
Paavo V. Komi, ECSS President
Spyros Pappas, Director General, DG X European Commission
Howard Wells, Chief Executive, UK Sports Council
Plenary session lectures
'Sport, Recreation and The Quality of Life for the 21st Century'
6.00 pm
WELCOME RECEPTION

Thursday 16th July
9.00 - PLENARY SESSION
Chair: P.O. Astrand (Sweden)
Epidemiology, health and exercise:
how has epidemiology
shaped our attitude to
exercise? William Haskell (USA)

Exercise on prescription:
is it a real alternative or
a passing fashion?
10.30 Refreshments
11.00 - PARALLEL SESSIONS
Symposium in honour of
Jerry Morris:
Mortality and morbidity- Archie Young (UK)
exercise and diet Philip James (UK)

Psychological skills and
interventions in sport Craig Hall (Canada)

Metabolic fuels -
exercise, obesity and
diabetes Anton Wagenmakers (Netherlands)

Physiology of
strength training. A. Thorstensson (Sweden)

Sport and globalisation Ruud Stokvis* (Netherlands)

Biomechanical modelling Robert McNeill
and simulation in sport Alexander (UK)
Fred Yeadon (UK)
Clinical difficult groins
ie sports hernia Mark Batt (UK)

Drugs and the athlete Michael Turner (UK)

12.30 Lunch
2.00 - PARALLEL SESSIONS
Changing health behaviours
(decision making process) Jane Wardell (UK)*

Organisational psychology
in sport Albert Carron (Canada)*

Physiology of endurance
training Hans Hoppeler (Switzerland)

Nutrition and sports Clyde Williams (UK)
performance Ron Maughan (UK)

Sport and gender Gertrud Pfister (Germany)

Musculoskeletal
mechanics and co-
ordination - jumping Marten Bobbert (Netherlands)

Joint stability: P. Renstom (Sweden)
Knees & shoulders Simon Frostick (UK)

Social perspectives of Paul Melia (Canada)
drug use in sport Pat Lenehan (UK)

3.30 Refreshments
4.00 - PARALLEL SESSIONS
The psychological
impact of exercise Ron Dishman (USA)*

Symposium sport,
aggression and violence

AV Hill Memorial Symposium:
Muscle energetics Roger Woledge (UK)
Oxygen debt Brian Whipp (UK)
Human performance Bengt Saltin (Denmark)

Over training

Sport and nationalism Joseph Maguire (UK)

Symposium: Spinal Tapio Videman (Finland)
loading and low Mike Adams (UK)
back pain Jaap Van Dieen (Netherlands)

ACSM Symposium: Bill Haskell (USA)*
Cardiovascular health Paul Thompson (USA)*
and rehabilitation

Contempory issues in drug
testing Michael Turner (UK)

5.30 POSTER DISCUSSIONS

Friday 17th July

9.00 - PLENARY SESSION
Physical education, Neil Armstrong (UK)
sport and children John Evans (UK)

10.30 Refreshments
11.00 - PARALLEL SESSIONS
Stress, behaviour Andrew Steptoe (UK)*
and disease

Motivational issues in sport Stuart Biddle (UK)

Current issues in
cardiovascular physiology Neils Secher (Denmark)

Controversy Brian Whipp (UK)
anaerobic threshold George Brooks (USA)*

Sport and the political
economy Kimberley Schimmel (USA)

Biomechanics of isokinetic
training and rehabilitation Josef Tihanyi (Hungary)
in sport Vasilios Baltzopoulos (UK)

Asthma and the athlete

Growth and development
Multidisciplinary Gaston Beunen (Belgium)
Symposium: adapted Gudrun Doll-Tepper (Germany)
physical activity. Adrie Vermeer (Netherlands)

12.30 Lunch
2.00 - PARALLEL SESSIONS
Motor development in
sport, exercise and health Vernon McDonald, NASA (USA)*

Stress and performance Yuri Hanin (Finland)*

Current issues in Jerzy Zoladz (Poland)
respiratory physiology Susan Ward (UK)

Current issues in skeletal David Jones (UK)
muscle physiology Jens Bangsbo (Denmark)

Sport and urbanisation Christian Bromberger* (France)

Sports biomechanics

Children in sport Paul de Knop (Belgium)

Multidisciplinary symposium:
Ageing and physical activity Michael Sagir (Israel)

3.30 Refreshments
4.00 - PARALLEL SESSIONS
Workshop: Cycling N Terrados (Spain)*
P Keen, British Cycling Federation (UK)

Workshop: Swimming H Toussaint (Netherlands)*

Workshop: Football J Soares (Portugal)*
J Williams (UK)

Workshop: Racquet sports D Gould (USA)*
F Mikkelson (Denmark)
P Renstrom (Sweden)

The disabled athlete symposium Maria Hopman (Netherlands)

Masters sport:
Competitive and
recreational sport for
the elderly Jerry Dempsey (USA)*

The female athlete:
Exercise, bone health,
menstruation

The young athlete: Jacques van Rossum (Netherlands)
Talent development Adam Baxter (UK)
Jan Borms (Belgium)

5.30 POSTER DISCUSSIONS
The sport and exercise
sciences and the information
industry Rainer Martens (USA)

Saturday 18th July
9.00 - PARALLEL SESSIONS
Motor skill, acquisition
maintenance and loss Jeff Summers (Australia)*

Psychological factors in
injury and rehabilitation Dan Gould (USA)*

Warming up and Tony Sargeant (UK)
warming down

Ageing, physical activity Joseph Keul (Germany)
and health Jerry Dempsey (USA)*

Sport, culture and the
body Kevin Young (Canada)

Biomechanics and
neuromuscular control Jacques Duchateau (Belgium)
Paavo Komi (Finland)

Symposium: Josep Roca (Spain)
Pulmonary rehabilitation Charles Gallagher (Eire)

10.30 Refreshments
11.00 - PARALLEL SESSION
Perception-action Michael Laurent (France)
coupling in sport Geert Savelsbergh (Netherlands)

Personality and individual
differences

Physiology in space: Guido Feretti (Switzerland)
how physiological systems Marco Narici (Italy)
degrade Lars Larsson (Sweden)
Pietro di Prampero (Italy)

Gas exchange symposium Susan Ward (UK)
Tom Barstow (USA)
Veronique Billat (France)

Sport and the mass media Margaret Carlisle Duncan (USA)

Biomechanics of lower
extremities during sport

Symposium: Sport genetics Vassilis Klissouras (Greece)
and molecular biology Roberto Bottinelli (Italy)
Stefano Schiaffino (Italy)

12.30 Lunch
1.30 - PLENARY SESSION
President Elect Lecture:
Biological response to training from a time course perspective
Joachim Mester (Germany)
Debate:
Is the sporting success of racial groups culturally or genetically
determined? Chairman: Bengt Saltin (Denmark) & Eric Dunning (UK)

Young Investigator Award Presentations

3.30 Refreshments

4.00 - PLENARY SESSION
1. Closing Debate, returning to the questions raised in the Plenary
sessions on Thursday and Friday

2. Poster and Young Investigator Awards

3. Closing ceremony

5.30 Close
7.30
Congress Dinner at Manchester United Football Club.


The Third Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science,
Conference Secretariat, HIT Conferences, Cavern Court, 8 Mathew
Street, Liverpool L2 6RE UK.

Tel: +44 (0)151 227 4423
Fax: +44 (0)151 236 4829
e-mail: ecss@hit1.demon.co.uk


WELCOME
The Third Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science
will be held in Manchester, 15 - 18 July 1998. Building on the
success and experience of the previous congresses held in Nice (1996)
and Copenhagen (1997) the meeting will be a major international event
involving eminent scientists and scholars.

We hope that academics, scientists, clinicians, teachers and students
with an interest in exercise and sport science will take this
opportunity to participate in what will be the largest meeting of its
kind ever held in Europe.

Our aim is:
A. To provide a state of the art review of the basic, applied and
clinical sciences as they relate to sport, exercise, health and the
impact of sport on society; B. To provide a forum for integrating
knowledge from the contributing sciences in multi-disciplinary
symposia which addresses key issues in the fields of sport and health;
C. To identify those areas where our understanding is incomplete. To
discuss current controversies in the field. To encourage discussions
of the challenges that face sport and exercise scientists and health
professionals as we move towards the second millennium; D. Provide an
integrated multi-disciplinary perspective on the special theme of
'Elite Sport - Mass Participation - Community Health - The
connections'.

The European College of Sport Science (ECSS) is especially pleased to
acknowledge the financial support offered by Health Care Development
who are hosting this years Congress as well as the continuing support
and encouragement of the European Commission, Directorate General X,
and to report that the Director General, Mr. Spyros Pappas, has
accepted our invitation to attend the Congress in Manchester.

An important feature of the ECSS Congress since its inception has been
the encouragement offered to new young scientists. The generous
support provided by Mars Incorporated for the Young Investigators
Awards has been of crucial importance in promoting their participation
in the Congress. We are delighted to report that Mars Incorporated
will again be sponsoring the Young Investigators Awards with generous
cash prizes to be distributed. Full details of the competition can be
found on page 5 of this brochure.

The Congress organisers have booked a wide range of hotel
accommodation for delegates for the duration of this event and in
addition we have been fortunate in securing a large stock of high
quality student accommodation available to all delegates at a low
price. With affordable accommodation and a lower registration fee for
those delegates registering early we hope that many young PhD students
and Post-doctoral fellows will be able to present their research at
this event and compete for the Young Investigators Award.

We are confident that the exciting programme will be of interest to a
wide range of professionals in the fields of sport, recreation and
health. We hope the programme will represent the full range of
current issues and its content will raise awareness and understanding
of the important role that sport and exercise play in determining the
health of society.

Along with the multi-faceted, comprehensive scientific programme,
there will be a strong emphasis on free presentations by delegates.

We look forward to seeing you in Manchester.

Paavo V. Komi, President
European College of Sports Science

Anthony Sargeant, Chair
Scientific & Organising Committees

Important dates
1st March 1998
Deadline for submission of abstracts

15 April 1998
Deadline for qualification for the reduced rate early registration.

YOUNG INVESTIGATORS AWARD

Who can participate?
Less than 35 years of age and less than 2 years after a PhD or the
equivalent at the time of the meeting. This should be verified by an
authorised person in the investigator's department who should also
certify the independence of, and a reasonable contribution to, the
performed work by the presenting author. The verification should be
submitted with the abstract.

Evaluation
Abstracts, 1 page long, will be evaluated by the Scientific Committee
of ECSS and the Local Scientific Committee. Based on their judgement
and the wishes of the author, approved abstracts are scheduled either
for oral or poster presentation. The members of the Scientific
Committees will select the ten best oral presentations. Four finalists
will then participate in a final round to compete for places one to
four. The Committees will also select the ten best poster
presentations. Efforts will be made to select contributions so that
all fields of sport science are represented.

The four finalists will present their contributions a second time (13
minutes) in a plenary session, where a special jury, appointed by the
Executive Board of the ECSS and the Scientific Committee, will
question each contributor for 5 minutes. After the presentations, the
jury will rank them. The jury also decide on the placing, one to four,
of the best poster presentations.

Awards
Oral presentations
Winner US$5,000
2nd prize US$4,000
3rd prize US$3,000
4th prize US$2,000
5th - 10th prize (each) US$ 500

Poster presentations
Winner US$4,000
2nd prize US$3,000
3rd prize US$2,000
4th prize US$1,000
5th - 10th prize (each) US$ 500

The scientific sessions will consist of both oral and poster
presentations. The Scientific Committee will select the papers to be
presented, both as free papers or poster presentations. Please tick
the appropriate box on the abstract form indicating your preference
(oral or poster). We will try to take your preference into account,
but constraints of time and space may make this impossible. Oral
presentations Presentations will be 10 minutes in length followed by 5
minutes for discussion. Single projection will be available for 35mm
slides as well as equipment for using overhead transparencies. Posters
These should fit a board 1 metre wide and 1.5 metres high. The poster
should be easily read from a distance of 1m. All posters should be
structured e.g. title, name(s) of author(s), affiliation,
material/methods, results, conclusions or discussion. The selected
posters will be on display during the Congress. The authors are asked
to attend their designated poster session in the poster area. In
addition, some of the posters will be briefly presented (2 minutes)
and discussed in special poster discussion sessions.

General
A one page abstract should provide sufficient information for readers
to fully assess the aims, methods, results and implications of the
research in question. Each submission must be original work that has
not been published previously. The abstract should be typed in
English. Submission of abstracts Authors are requested to submit one
complete one page, camera-ready abstract which will be printed in the
Abstract Book. Each abstract will be reviewed before acceptance.
Therefore, please enclose three additional copies. Please enclose also
a disk with the abstract written in Word or text format. Please send
the abstract back in an A4 size envelope and do not fold or staple.
Deadline for receipt of abstract at the Congress Secretariat is March
1st 1998.

Abstract format
The abstract should be typed on copies of the Abstract Form enclosed.
Type the abstract text within the margins of the box. Please follow
the model abstract overleaf. The text should be justified left,
single-spaced, with a character size at 10 points, with a Times
typeface. Please do not use typefaces simulating scriptwriting. Do not
hyphenate words at the end of lines. Do not use bold. Please ensure
you provide the biographical information requested on the other side
of the form. Use the same font, size and style as the main text, do
not use bold.

Headlines
The title (in CAPITAL LETTERS not to exceed 150 letters and spaces),
the name(s) of the author(s) and affiliation(s), city and country
should be included within the margins of the box. Please type authors
in the format: Firstname, Surname; Firstname, Surname. Please
underline the presenting author(s). Please omit University degrees.
Each item should be separated by a blank line.

Text
The one page abstract should include the following sections (without
headings): an introduction (the purpose of the study and a brief
review on relevant literature), methods (a short explanation on data
collection and processing), results (may be in the form of text,
graphs or tables) and a discussion (major findings and conclusions).
The emphasis of the abstract should be on the results and discussion.

Do not separate paragraphs by a blank line. Leave a 6-space
indentation at the beginning of each new paragraph. Graphs, tables and
references may be used throughout the abstract. Only SI units are to
be employed.

Figures
Line drawings, tables and figures with captions must remain within the
defined text limits. Figures should be taped (not glued) in the
appropriate position. Each drawing should be numbered and have a short
caption commentary. Please do not include photographs.

Equations
Equations can be provided as line drawings in the correct size taped
(not glued) in the appropriate position, or they can be typed on
standard typewriters.

References
Please try to minimise the number of references. Use index Medicus for
journal title abbreviations. See abstract example for reference format
instructions for authors.

Categories
Please indicate appropriate category No. on the abstract form.
Presentations are not limited to the topics addressed by the invited
speakers. Presentations are encouraged from all relevant areas of
study and will be grouped thematically either in free communication
sessions or in relation to invited lectures at the discretion of the
scientific committee.

1 Society and sport
2 Philosophy and sport
3 Social psychology
4 Motor control and behaviour
5 Sport injury, illness and treatment
6 Exercise rehabilitation and therapy
7 Preventative medicine, health care and epidemiology
8 Physiology
9 Genetics and molecular biology
10 Biomechanics
11 Nutrition
12 Pedagogy
13 Ergonomics
14 Ageing
15 Growth and development
16 Adapted physical activity and disabled sport
17 Chronic illness and exercise
18 Coaching science
19 Sports specific
20 Obesity, exercise and diet
21 Other


HUMAN MUSCLE POWER IN THE LOCOMOTORY RANGE OF CONTRACTION VELOCITIES
INCREASES WITH TEMPERATURE DUE TO AN INCREASE IN POWER GENERATED BY
TYPE I FIBRES.

A.J Sargeant; A. Rademaker

Department of Muscle and Exercise Physiology, Vrije University,
Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

The influence of muscle temperature on the contractile
properties of mammalian skeletal muscle has been examined in a
number of muscles with different fibre type composition (for
review see e.g. Ranatunga and Thomas, 1990). The significance of
these findings for human skeletal muscle fibre types contracting
at velocities within the locomotory range is, however,
uncertain. In the present study we have investigated in eight
male subjects with different proportions of type I muscle fibres
(range 41-85%), the effect of manipulating leg muscle
temperature on the maximum power during isokinetic cycling
(Sargeant 1994). The proportion of type I fibres was assessed in
needle biopsics taken from vastus lateralis. Maximum peak power
was measured during 5s sprints on an isokinetic cycle ergometer
at constant pedalling rates of 60,110 and 140 rev min-4.
Measurements at all three pedalling rates were made under three
temperature conditions: after immersion in water baths at 12 and
44íC, and after rest at room temperature. The muscle temperature
in the vastus lateralis measured at 3cm depth ranged from ~26íC
following the cold water bath to ~39íC following the hot water
bath. Using the data of the cold and hot water baths we
calculated the Q10 for power at each pedalling rate studied in
relation to the proportion of type I fibres. Q10 increased
linearly at all pedalling rates: from values of 1.07, 1.17 and
1.27 with 40% type I fibres present, to extrapolated values for
100% type I fibres of 1.48, 1.61 and 2.00 (at 60, 110 and 140
rev min-1, respectively; correlation coefficients for the
regression lines were 0.77, 0.93 and 0.91, P