View Full Version : Simulation of non-straighforward motion, walkning on inclined su

Alexander Savenko
12-20-1998, 11:19 PM
Many thanks to Ashvin Thambyah, Michael Orendurff, Mark Redfern,
James Richardson, Gideon Ariel and Ton van den Bogert for their
replies to my question. Here is summary of replies regarding walking
on inclined surface, stair climbing and human motion simulation.

1. Redfern & DiPasquale, "Biomechanics of descending ramps."
Gait&Posture 6:119-125, 1997.

2. Andriacchi, T.P.; Andersson G.B.J.; Fermier R.W.; et. al.: "A
study of lower-limb mechanics during stair-climbing. J. Bone and
Joint Surg., 62-A: 749-757, 1980.

3. Joseph, J.; Watson R.: "Telemetering electromyography of muscles
used in walking up and down stairs." J. Bone and Joint Surg. 49-B:

4. Kowalk, D.L.; Duncan, J.A.; Vaughan, C.L.: "Abduction-adduction
moments at the knee during stair ascent and descent." J. Biomech.,
29: 383-388, 1996.

5. McFayden, B.J.; Winter, D.A.: "An integrated biomechanical
analysis of normal stair ascent and descent." J. Biomechanics., 21:
733-744, 1988.

6. Townsend, M.; Lainhart, S.; Shiavi, R.; Caylor, J.:
"Variability and biomechanics of synergy patterns of some
lower-limb muscles during ascending and descending stairs and level
walking." Med. Biol. Engng. Comput., 16: 681, 1978.

7. Paul JP, et al. "Forces transmitted at the hip and knee joint
of normal and disabled persons during a range of activities." Acta
Orthop Belg. 1975;41 Suppl 1(1):78-88.

8. Morrison JB. "Function of the knee joint in various activities."
Biomed Eng. 1969 Dec;4(12):573-80.

WWW links:

the Muybridge web page (a series of animated photos of walking
on slopes):

Human animation links:

Ariel Dynamics server:

Thesis of Joe Laszlo: "Limit cycle control and its application to the
animation of balancing and walking"

Good luck in new year and Merry Christmas,
Alexander Savenko
Research student
School of Computer and Information Sciences
De Montfort University

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