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Darrell Burko
02-20-1999, 11:49 AM
Thanks to all the prompt and very helpful responses to my request. I have
compiled the references below.

Sincerely,

Darrell Burko


Anyone for slower tennis. 1992. New Scientist, 2 May. p.24-28

Hatze H: Objective biomechanical determination of tennis racket properties.
Int J Spt Biomech 1992 8:272-287

Brody H: Physics of the tennis racket.
Am J Physics 1979 47(6):482-487

Brody H: Physics of the tennis racket 2: The sweet spot.
Am J Phys 1991 49(9):816-819

Brody H: The moment of inertia of a tennis racket.
Physics Teacher April 1985:213-217

Brody H: Vibration damping of tennis rackets.
Int J Spt Biomech 1989 5:451-456

Tennis Science for tennis players by Howard Brody.

Pagano C, Carello C, and Turvey MT (1996). Exteroception and
exproprioception by dynamic touch are different functions of the inertia
tensor. Perception & Psychophysics 58(8), 1191 - 1202.



Baker, J., & Wilson, B. (1978). The effect of tennis racquet stiffness and
string tension on ball velocity after impact. Research Quarterly for
Exercise and Sport, 49(3), 255-259.

* Baker, J., & Putnam, C., (1979). Tennis Racquet and Ball Responses During
Impact Under Clamped and Freestanding Conditions. Research Quarterly,
50(2), 164-170.

Beiser, A. (1986). Physics, (4), 262. Addison Wesley Publishing Company, Inc.

Blievernicht, J. G. (1968). Accuracy in the Tennis Forehand Drive:
Cinematographic Analysis. Research Quarterly, (39), 776-779.

Brannigan, M., & Adali, S. (1981). Mathematical modelling and simulation of
a tennis racquet. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, (1), 44-53.

* Brody, H. (1979). Physics of the tennis racquet. American Journal of
Physics, 47(6), 482-487.

* Brody, H. (1981). Physics of the tennis racquet II: The "sweet spot".
American Journal of Physics, 49(9), 816-819.

* Brody, H. (1987). Models of Tennis Racquet Impacts. International Journal
of Sport Biomechanics, (3), 293-296.

Brody, H. (1989). Vibration Damping of Tennis Racquets. International
Journal of Sport Biomechanics, (5), 451-456.

Elliott, B.C. (1982a). The influence of tennis racquet flexibility and
string tension on rebound velocity following a dynamic impact. Research
Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 53(4), 277-281.

* Elliott, B.C. (1982b). Tennis: The Influence of Grip Tightness on
Reaction Impulse and Rebound Velocity. Medicine and Science in Sports and
Exercise, 14(5), 348-352.

Elliott, B.C. (1990). Stroke production in tennis. National Sports Research
Program - State of the Art Review. (27) 2-7.

Elliott, B.C. Blanksby, B.A., & Ellis, R. (1980). Vibration and rebound
velocity characteristics of conventional and oversized tennis racquets.
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 51(4), 608-615.

Elliott, B.C. Marsh, A.P. Overheu, P.R. (1987). The Mechanics of the Lendl
and Conventional Tennis Forehands: A Coach's Perspective, Sports Coach,
11(2), 4-9

Elliott, B.C. Marsh, A.P. Overheu, P.R. (1989). The Topspin Backhand Drive
in Tennis: A Biomechanical Analysis. Journal of Human Movement Studies,
16(1), 1-16.

Ellis, R., Elliott, B., & Blanksby, B. (1978). The effect of string type
and tension in jumbo and regular sized racquets. Sports Coach, 2(4), 32-34.

* Grabiner, M., Groppel, J., Campbell, K. (1983). Resultant tennis ball
velocity as a function of off-centre impact and grip firmness. Medicine and
Science in Sports and Exercise, 15(6), 542-544.

* Goldsmith, W. (1960). Impact: The Theory and Physical Behaviour of
Colliding Bodies. Suffolk: Richard Clay & Company, Ltd.

Groppel, J., Shin, I., Spotts, J., & Hill, B. (1987a). Effects of different
string tension patterns and racquet motion on tennis racquet-ball impact.
International Journal of Sports Biomechanics, (3), 142-158.

Groppel, J., Shin, I., Thomas, J., & Welk, G. (1987b). The effects of
string type and tension on impact in midsized and oversized tennis
racquets. International Journal of Sports Biomechanics, 3, 40-46.

* Halliday, D., & Rensick, R. (1988). Fundamentals of Physics. (3), John
Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Hatze, H. (1994). Impact Probability Distribution, Sweet Spot, and the
Concept of an Effective Power Region in Tennis Rackets. Journal of Applied
Biomechanics, 10, 43-50.

* Hatze, H. (1993). The Relationship Between the Coefficient of Restitution
and Energy Losses in Tennis Racquets. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 9,
124-142.

Hatze, H. (1992a). Objective Biomechanical Determination of Tennis Racquet
Properties. International Journal of Sport Biomechanics, 8, 175-287.

* Hatze, H. (1992b). The Effectiveness of Grip Bands in Reducing Racquet
Vibration Transfer and Slipping. Medicine and Science in Sports and
Exercise, 24(20), 226-230

* Hatze, H. (1976). Forces and duration of impact, and grip tightness
during the tennis stroke. Medicine and Science in Sports, 8(2), 88-95.

Hay, G. (1978). The Biomechanics of Sports Techniques. (2), 67-74.
Prentice/Hall International, Inc.

* Hennig, E., Rosenbaum, D., & Milani, T. (1992). Transfer of Tennis
Racquet Vibrations onto the Human Forearm. Medicine and Science in Sports
and Exercise, 1134-1140.

Knudson, D. (1991a) Effect of String Type and Tension on Ball Vertical
Angle of Rebound in Static Tennis Impacts, Journal of Human Movement
Studies, (20), 39-47.

Knudson, D. (1991b) Factors Affecting Force Loading on the Hand in the
Tennis Forehand. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 31(4),
527-531.

Knudson, D. (1993) Effect of String Tension and Impact Location on Ball
Rebound Accuracy in Static Tennis Impacts. Journal of Applied Biomechanics
9, 143-148.

Knudson, D., & White S. (1989) Forces on the Hand in the Tennis Forehand
Drive: Application of Force Sensing Resistors. International Journal of
Sport Biomechanics, 5, 324-331.

Leigh, D. C. & Lu, W. (1992). Dynamics of the Interactions Between Ball,
Strings, and Racquet in Tennis. International Journal of Sport
Biomechanics, 8, 181-206.

* Liu, Y. (1983) Mechanical analysis of racquet and ball during impact.
Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 15(5), 388-392.

Maw, N., Barber, J. R., & Fawcett, J.N. (1976). The Oblique Impact of
Elastic Spheres. Wear, 38, 101-114.

Mirkin & Hoffman, (1978). Common injuries and what to do about them. The
Sportsmedicine Book, 100-101. Little Brown and Company Ltd. Canada.

* Missavage, R., Baker, J., & Putnam, C. (1984). Theoretical modelling of
grip firmness during ball-racquet impact. Research Quarterly for Exercise
and Sport, 55(3) 254-260.

Plagenhoef, S. (1971). Patterns of Human Motion: A Cinematographic
Analysis, Prentice-Hall.

Putnam, C., & Baker, J., (1984). Spin imparted to a tennis ball during
impact with conventional and diagonal strung racquets. Research Quarterly
for Exercise and Sport, 55(3), 261-266.

Roetert, E., Brody, H., Dillman, C., Groppel, J., & Schultheis, J. (1995).
The Biomechanics of Tennis Elbow. Clinical Sports Medicine, 14(1), 47-57.

Snijders, C., Volkers, A., Mechelse, K., & Vleeming, A. (1987). Provocation
of Epicondylalgia Lateralis (Tennis Elbow) by Power Grip or Pinching.
Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 19(5), 518-523.

* Watanabe, T., Ikegami Y., & Miyashita M., (1979). Tennis: The Effects of
Grip Firmness on Ball Velocity after Impact. Medicine and Science in Sports
and Exercise, 11(4), 359-361.

Widing, M., & Moeinzadeh, M. (1990). Finite modelling of a tennis racquet
with variable string patterns and tensions. International Journal of Sport
Biomechanics, 6(1), 78-91.

Brody, H. (1985). The moment of inertia of a tennis racket. The Physics
Teacher, 23(4), 213-216.

Howard is a physicist at the University of Pennsylvania. I know he has done
a study of tennis players sensitivity to changes in moments of inertia of
tennis rackets. I am unsure if it is published yet. His book may also be
of use:

Brody, H. (1987) Tennis science for tennis players. Philadelphia: U. of
Pennsylvania Press.

Stan Plagenhoef's book, "Patterns of Human Motion: A Cinematographic
Analysis" 1971 Prentice Hall has moments of inertia estimates for old
tennis rackets.

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