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H.j. Woltring, Fax/tel +31.40.413 744
09-12-1992, 08:35 AM
Dear Biomch-L readers,

As there are a number of Biomch-L subscribers working in the Human Factors /
Ergonomics / Cognitive Psychology field, I thought that the item below might
be appropriate on Biomch-L, despite (or just because of?) its slightly pro-
motional language. Ernest J. McCormick's Human Factors Engineering (3rd Ed.,
McGraw-Hill, New York 1970) even claims in its Preface:

Many of the man-made products and environments of our civilization are
created for use by people in their everyday lives or in carrying out
their work activities. In many such instances the nature (i.e., the
design features) of these products and environments directly influences
the extent to which they serve their intended human use. This text
deals with some of the problems and processes that are involved in man's
efforts to so design these products and environments that they optimally
serve their intended use by human beings. These objectives, of course,
are as old as man; human beings have always endeavored to adapt the
things they make and their environments to their own use. It is only
in recent years, however, that systematic, concerted action has been
directed toward these objectives. This general area of human endeavor
(and its various facets) has come to be known as *human factors engin-
eering*, or simply *human factors*, *biomechanics*, *engineering psy-
chology*, or (in most European countries) *ergonomics*.

Clearly, AECL has learned a lesson from the tragic accidents with the
Therac-25 radiation therapy machine manufactured by AECL in the 1980-ies,
caused by a combination of design errors on the hardware, software, and
man-machine-interface level as mentioned on Biomch-L one or two years ago.

While it may seem bad taste to mention this matter in the present context,
Ergonomics is too important a topic to be postponed until such times that
accidents, whether fatal or minor, have occurred.

hjw

Reference: Jonathan Jacky (Oncology, Univ. of Washington, Seattle),
Safety-Critical Computing: Hazards, Practices, Standards, and Regulation.
In: Charles Dunlop & Rob Kling (Eds), Computerization *and* Controversy -
Value Conflicts and Social Choices, Acad. Press 1991, pp. 612-631

----------------------------------

Article 2825 in comp.human-factors:
Newsgroups: misc.jobs.offered,comp.cog-eng,comp.human-factors
From: habibi@brown.ecn.purdue.edu (Shidan Habibi)
Subject: Human Factors positions at AECL Research, Canada
Message-ID:
Followup-To: poster
Keywords: Human Factors, cognitive science, nuclear
Sender: news@noose.ecn.purdue.edu (USENET news)
Organization: Purdue University Engineering Computer Network
Date: Sat, 12 Sep 1992 17:10:24 GMT

R&D HUMAN FACTORS SCIENTIST for AECL Research

AECL Research is committed to research and development into
the safe and environmentally sound uses of nuclear power. Our
multi-disciplinary teams are making significant contributions
in broad areas of science and engineering. Highly motivated
professionals will want to consider this challenging opportunity
at our Chalk River Laboratories (near Ottawa, Ontario) and at
the Centre for Nuclear Energy Research (Fredericton, New
Brunswick).

As part of the team, you will have amply opportunity for
professional growth, and salaries that reflect the regard we
have for our people, their experience, and their qualifications.

Job Duties:

R&D Human Factors professional candidates are required to
support the incorporation of human factors and cognitive science
concepts into prototype advanced control centres for CANDU
nuclear power plants.

The candidates will play a leading role in one or more of the
following projects: CANDU human-machine interface development
and evaluation (e.g., topics related to supervisory and manual
control, navigation in large display suites, methods and tools
for verification and validation), systems for advanced alarm
processing and operator decision support, and systems for
computerized plant operating procedures. Most projects involve
requirements and task analyses, cognitive modelling, rapid
prototyping and usability testing. Candidates will be required
to effectively manage projects, and prepare proposals,
estimates, schedules and routine reports.

Experience Desired:

Your qualifications include a postgraduate degree in
engineering, psychology or computer science, specializing in
human factors (e.g., human-computer interaction). You will have
experience in applying human factors to engineering problems,
and you will have a demonstrated knowledge in engineering
processes and computer systems. Superior communication skills
and the ability to work in a multi-disciplinary team are
essential. Preference will be given to candidates with at least
3 years of relevant work experience.

Salary and Benefits:

AECL Research offers salaries and benefits competitive with
other Canadian research organizations, and based on experience
and qualifications.

Citizenship Requirements:

The vacancies are for full-time employment. Only those
candidates prepared to become Landed Immigrants or Canadian
citizens should apply.

Foreign nationals (i.e., non-Canadians) must have Landed
Immigrant status in Canada before employment can begin.

Citizens of the United States may be offered term employment
under the terms of the Canada-US Free Trade Agreement, however,
full-time continuing employment will require the person to
obtain Landed Immigrant status in Canada.

Security Requirements:

All candidates will be required to obtain a security clearance
to at least the Enhanced Reliability level.

Further Information:

If you are looking for a challenge, please apply (in writing,
via email(ascii please), or by FAX), no later than 1992
September 18, quoting the reference number CSR2015:

Lawrence Lupton
Human-Machine Systems Development Section
AECL Research
Chalk River Laboratories
Chalk River, Ontario, Canada
K0J 1J0

Tel: (613) 584-3311 ext 3433
FAX: (613) 584-4269
Email: luptonl@crl.aecl.ca