View Full Version : Warm-up references

Tobias Sundberg
12-18-1999, 10:42 PM
Dear listers,

A big thanks to everyone providing input and comments on my post regarding effects on various warm-up procedures on physical performance. It turned out to be a somewhat controversial issue (as expected), and no doubt more research is needed in this area. Please find below a copy of my original message followed by a compilation of given references targeting this interesting area.

Happy holidays!


Tobias Sundberg, PT

Original message:

Is there anyone out there aware of any scientific studies on the effects of various warm up procedures on physical performance (spec. related to short term bouts of exercises like jumping, weight lifting, sprint running etc.). I have used on-line internet search engines and PubMed/Medline with little result. Funny thing is that almost every sports medicine textbook claim the enhancing effects of a warm-up, but I have yet to see specific references to back that up! Any thoughts on resources/references/other?


Bernard, R.J., et al.: Ischemic response to sudden strenuous exercise in healthy men. Circulation, 48:936, 1973.

Cerretelli P., diPrampero P.E. Gas exchange in exercise. In: Handbook Of Physiology 3: The Respiratory System IV: Gas Exchange, A.P. Fishman, L.E. Farhi, S.M. Tenney, S.R. Geiger (Editors). Bethesda MD: American Physiological Society, 1987; pp. 297339.

Cerretelli P., Pendergast D., Paganelli W.C., Rennie D.W. Effects of specific muscle training on VO2 on-response and early blood lactate. Journal of Applied Physiology 47(4): 761769, 1979.

diPrampero P.E., Mahler P.B., Giezendanner D., Cerretelli P. Effects of priming exercise on VO2 kinetics and O2 deficit at the onset of stepping and cycling. Journal of Applied Physiology 66(5): 20232038, 1989.

Frankel .V .H and Nordin. 1989. Basic Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System. USA. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.

Mahler M. Kinetics and control of oxygen consumption in skeletal muscle. In: Symposia Of The Giovanni Lorenzini Foundation, Volume 9: Exercise Bioenergetics & Gas Exchange, P. Cerretelli & B.J. Whipp (Editors). Amsterdam: Elsevier / North-Holland Biomedical Press, 1980; pp. 5366.

O'Brien B, et al. A comparison of active and passive warm ups on energy system contribution and performance in moderate heat. Aust J Sci Med Sport. 1997 Dec;29(4):106-9. (NB --> [See Related Articles].)

Pendergast D., Leibowitz R., Wilson D, Cerretelli P. The effect of preceding anaerobic exercise on aerobic and anaerobic work. European Journal of Applied Physiology 52(1): 2935, 1983.

Phillips, C .A, and Petrofsky, J. S.: Mechanics of Skeletal and Cardiac Muscle. Springfield, IL, Charles C Thomas, 1983.

Safran, M. R., et al: The role of warm up in muscular injury prevention. Am. J. Sports Med., 16:123,1988.

Shellock, F. and Prentice, W. E. 1985. Warm up and stretching for improved physical performance and prevention of sport related injury. Sports Med 2:267-78.

van Mechelen W. Hlobil H. Kemper HC. Voorn WJ. de Jongh HR. Prevention of running injuries by warm-up, cool-down, and stretching exercises. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 21(5):711-9, 1993 Sep-Oct.

Whipp B.J., Mahler M. Dynamics of pulmonary gas exchange during exercise. In: Pulmonary Gas Exchange, Volume II: Organism & Environment, J.B. West (Editor). New York NY: Academic Press, 1980; pp. 3396.


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