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unknown user
03-20-2000, 11:23 PM
Dear all, some time ago I requested suggestions and information
regarding the validity and reliability of 3-D optical equipments
(more precisely the VICON) for assessing lumbar spine motion.
The following is a list of the responses I received and some
information I managed to track down. Thanks to the many kind
respondents, it was much appreciated.

Kika Konstantinou

References
Vogt L., Banzer W. Measurement of lumbar spine kinematics in
incline treadmill walking. Gait Posture 9:18-23, 1999

Whittle, M.W., Levine, D.: Measurement of lumbar lordosis as a
component
of clinical gait analysis. Gait Posture 5 (1997) 101 - 107 2

Lundberg, A.: On the use of bone and skin markers in
kinematics research. Human Movement Science 15 (1996) 411
- 422 4

Fuller, J., Liu, L.-J., Murphy, M.C., Mann, R.W.: A
comparison of lower-extremity skeletal kinematics measured
using skin- and pin-mounted markers. Human Movement
Science 16 (1997) 219 - 242

Whittle, M.W.: Clinical gait analysis : A review. Human
Movement Science 15 (1996) 369 - 387 6

Panjabi, M., Chang, D., Dvorak, J.: An Analysis of Errors in
Kinematic Parameters Associated with in Vivo Functional
Radiographs. Spine Volume 17, Number 2 (1992) 200 - 205
7

Davis, R.B.: Reflections on Clinical Gait Analysis. J.
Electromyogr. Kinesiol. Volume 7, Number 4 (1997) 251 - 257
8

Vanneuville, G., Monnet, J.P., Vacheron, J.J., Garcier, J.M.,
Guillot, M., Poumarat, G.: Determination of the position of the
pelvic girdle by the method of external markers in the sagittal
plane: a preliminary feasibility study. Surg. Radiol. Anat. 18 245
- 247 9

Benedetti, M.G., Catani, F., Leardini, A., Pignotti, E., Giannini,
S.: Data management in gait analysis for clinical applications.
Clin. Biomech. Volume 13, Number 3 (1998) 204 - 215

Thurston, A.J., Fracs, Harris, J.D.: Normal Kinematics of the
Lumbar Spine and Pelvis. Spine Volume 8, Number 2 (1983)
199 - 205

Whittle, M.W., Levine, D.F.: SAGITTAL PLANE MOTION
OF THE LUMBAR SPINE DURING NORMAL GAIT. Gait
Posture Volume 3, Number 2 (1995) 82

Dalichau, S., Scheele, K., Reissdorf, C., Huebner, J.: Die
kinematische Ganganalyse unter Berucksichtigung von
Lendenwirbelsaule und Becken. Dtsch Z Sportmed 49 (11/12)
(1998) 340 - 346

MW Whittle, D Levine (1999) Hum Mov Sci 18:681-692

MW Whittle, D Levine, M Burke (1998) Gait & Posture 7:153

Patterns of spinal motion during walking. Jack Crosbie,
Roongtiwa Vachalathiti, Richard Smith Gait & Posture 5 (1997)
6-12

Age, gender and speed effects on spinal kinematics during
walking. Jack Crosbie, Roongtiwa Vachalathiti, Richard Smith
Gait & Posture 5 (1997) 13-20

Thurston AS, Whittle MW, Stokes IAF: Spinal and pelvic
movement during walking. A new method of study. Eng Med
10:219-222, 1981.

Thurston AJ Spinal and pelvic kinematics in osteoarthrosis of the
hip joint. Spine 1985 Jun;10(5):467-71

Stokes VP, Andersson C, Forssberg H . Rotational and
translational movement features of the pelvis and thorax during
adult human locomotion. J Biomech 1989;22(1):43-50

Richards JG. (1999). The measurement of human motion: A
comparison of commercially available systems. Human
Movement Science 18, 589-602.

Rao SR et al (1992). Vicon measurement error and reliability of
joint kinematics in free and fast walking. Physical Therapy, 72,
6, (Suppl) 66.

Web site: http://www.rs.polyu.edu.hk/gaitlab/fyp98/
Web site: http:www.polyu.edu.hk/cga/teach-in/cv/#Refs

I was also advised to check the work of Malcolm Pope (UK,
Aberdeen), Vijay Goel PhD (at the University of Iowa) and
others that have used optical devices for measurements on
animals.
I was also given the opportunity to communicate with people
that have used the Vicon or similar 3-D devices for lumbar spine
measurements and I am grateful to them for the information they
gave me.

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