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forces on biological tissues while walking

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  • forces on biological tissues while walking

    Dear members,
    I am currently trying to compile a rather exhaustive list of the
    forces sustained by various lower extremity structures during walking
    and running.

    Structures of interest would be bone-on-bone forces (and pressure) at
    the ankle, knee, patellofemoral and hip joints. Shear forces at
    these same joints. Tension in the patellar tendon, achilles tendon
    and plantar fascia. Tension in the cruciate ligaments of the knee.
    And any forces applied to other structures of the lower extremity
    such as the tibia and metatarsals.

    Optimally I would like to make a list that consist of the authors
    (and the reference), the walking speed, the structure and the force

    So far, I have found a number of references for bone-on-bone forces
    For example, Simonson et al (1995) report bone-on-bone forces of
    4.2times BW at the ankle, 4.6 times BW at the knee and 6.4 times BW
    at the hip when walkign at a speed of 1.4 m/s.

    I also have some information on achilles tendon tension, For
    example, Finni et al. (1998) report achilles tendon forces of 1430N
    on average at walking speeds of 1.1 to 1.8 m/s.

    I am also finding quite a few things on running, but surprisingly
    less on walking.

    Any help would be appreciated to help compile this list. Please
    provide the reference only or provide the reference with the key
    information listed here.
    full reference, walking speed, structure, and force value (hopefully
    expressed in (normalized to) BW).

    I will be happy to create a table that can be posted on biomch-l.

    Thanks you in advance.


    ************************************************** ******************
    Guy G. Simoneau, Ph.D., P.T., A.T.C.
    Associate Professor, Physical Therapy Department
    Marquette University
    Walter Schroeder Complex, Room 346
    P.O. Box 1881
    Milwaukee, WI 53201-1881

    Phone: 414-288-3380
    Fax: 414-288-5987
    ************************************************** ******************

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