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stiffness + damping constant for waist+shoulder+wrist

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  • stiffness + damping constant for waist+shoulder+wrist

    Dear Biomch-L users,

    I am looking for the stiffnesses and dampings of the different human joints,
    and also the range of rotations allowed for the 3 rotations at each joint to
    make a realistic a golf swing. Also looking for the stiffness of leg(waist
    to knee) +(knee to ankle), torso (waist to shoulders) , arms (shoulder to
    wrist) and hand (wrist to tip)

    If you can suggest otheruseful websites or books/ papers. please let me

    I have looked at;
    1. T Mita, $B!H (BThe Human Skill of Dynamically Coordinated Motion Control- an
    examination on simulation $B!I (B, Univ of Electro-Communications, 2001-02-05.
    2. MC Siff, $B!H (BBallistic analysis of Human Knee Stability $B!I (B, University of
    the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 1986.
    3. WS Harris,
    $B!H (Bhttp// $B!I (B, Dept
    of Cybernetics, Reading University, UK,1997.

    I have found;
    Stiffness of knee 6750N/m [2], Damping
    constant 0.117 [2]
    Stiffness of ankle 9515 [2], Damping constant
    0.148 [2]
    Stiffness of elbow (range) 2Nm/rad to 350Nm/rad [3]

    Otherwise is it safe to assume
    Stiffness of wrist 5000N/m , Damping
    constant 0.15
    Stiffness of shoulder 2500N/m , Damping
    constant 0.15
    Stiffness of waist 1000N/m , Damping
    constant 0.15

    Thank you, and best regards
    Sizwe Dhlamini
    Doctoral Student (Robotics)

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