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  • Responses: Optimization in Biomechanics

    Thank you very much to everyone who responded to my optimization in
    biomechanics message. The feedback was excellent and very informative.

    Hello Everyone,

    I am trying to find any information relating the numerous
    methods to biomechanics. If anyone has something remotely resembling this,
    could you please point me in a direction where I can find it? Your help is
    much appreciated.

    Best Regards,

    Todd G. Langer


    Secco Emanuele Lindo
    Dip. Informatica e Sistemistica
    Università di Pavia
    Via Ferrata, 1 - 27100 Pavia - Italia
    cell. +39 (0)347
    tel. +39 (0)382 50.53.52
    fax. +39 (0)382 50.53.73
    A good article for optimization principles in the analysis of natural
    could be:

    Nelson W. L., (1983), ‘Physical Principles for Economies of Skilled
    Biol. Cybern., Vol. 46, pp. 135-147

    michael schwartz
    Here's a good review article:

    Inverse Optimization: Functional and Physiological Considerations Related to
    the Force-Sharing Problem
    Tsirakos T, Baltopoulos V and Bartlett R
    Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering, 245(4&5):371-407 (1997)

    Fullmer Jim
    Try Dr. Karim Abdel Malek at University of Iowa's center for computer aided

    Brian May
    Senior Research Engineer
    Clinical and Industrial Technology, Inc.
    203 New Chapter Rd.
    Seneca, SC 29678
    (864) 985-0606
    I have delved into optimization of biomechanics previously. Here are the
    article I used as guides:

    A physiologically based criterion of muscle force prediction in locomotion.
    Crowninshield RD and Brand RA. Biomechanics 14 (11) pp793-801. 1981.

    Theoretical prediction of muscle forces on the mandible during bite. Kand
    QS, Updike DP, and Salathe EP. Transactions of the ASME Vol. 112, pp
    432-36. 1990.

    Producing physiologically realistic individual muscle force estimations by
    imposing constraints when using optimization techniques. Challis JH. Med.
    Eng. Phys Vol. 19 (3), pp 253-61.1997

    Comparison of muscle forces and joint load from an optimizatin and emg
    assisted lumbar spine model: towards development of a hybrid approach.
    Cholewicki J, McGill SM, and Norman RW. J. Biomechanics Vol 28 (3), pp
    321-31, 1995.

    Modelling of forces in the human masticatory system with optimization of the
    angulations of the joint loads. Trainor PGS, McLachlan KR, and McCall WD.
    Journal of Biomechanics, Vol 28 (7) pp. 829-43, 1995

    The application of optimization methods for the calculation of joint and
    muscle forces. Barbanel JC. Engineering in Medicine vol 12 (1) pp29-33,

    Muscular synergism I: on criteria for load sharing between synergistic
    muscles. Dul J, Townsend MA, Shiavi R, and Johnson GE. J. Biomechanics Vol
    17 (9), pp 663-73, 1984.

    Optimization of muscle-force sequencing in human locomotion. Pedotti, A,
    Krishnan VV, and Stark L. Mathematical Biosciences Vol. 38, pp 57-76, 1978.

    This list is by no means exhaustive, but is a good start. I recommend
    medline searches for optimization.

    sylvain grenier
    Check out this page. It has a fairly comprehensive summary.

    Sanjay KHARCHE
    Look for stress optimisation of bone.

    Nick Brown
    Post Doctoral Fellow
    The University of Texas at Austin
    There is a considerable body of literature on musculoskeletal modeling for
    human biomechanics and you could probably find most of this through Medline.
    have included some references below that might get you started as well.

    Challis, J. H. (1997). “Producing physiologically realistic individual
    force estimations by imposing constraints when using optimization
    Medical Engineering and Physics 19(3): 253-261.

    Challis, J. H. and D. G. Kerwin (1993). “An analytical examination of muscle
    force estimations using optimization techniques.” Journal of Engineering and
    Medicine (Proc Instn Mech Engrs) 207: 139-148.

    Crowninshield, R. D. (1978). “Use of optimization techniques to predict
    forces.” Journal of Biomedical Engineering 100: 88-92.

    Crownishield, R. D. and R. A. Brand (1981). “A physiological based
    criterion of
    muscle force prediction in locomotion.” Journal of Biomechanics 14: 793-801.

    Delp, S. L., J. P. Loan, et al. (1990). “An interactive graphics-based
    model of
    the lower extremity to study orthopaedic surgical procedures.” IEEE
    on Biomedical Engineering. 37(8): 757-767.

    Garner, B. A. and M. G. Pandy (2000). “Musculoskeletal model of the upper
    based on the visual human dataset.” Computer Methods in Biomechanics and
    Biomedical Engineering.

    Neptune, R. R. and M. L. Hull (2000). “A theoretical analysis of preferred
    pedaling rate selection in endurance cycling.” Journal of Biomechanics 33:

    Pandy, M. G. and F. C. Anderson (2000). “Dynamic simulation of human
    using large-scale models of the body.” Phonetica 57: 219-228.

    Pandy, M. G. and F. E. Zajac (1991). “Optimal muscular coordination
    for jumping.” Journal of Biomechanics 24: 1-10.

    John Rasmussen, Assoc. Prof., PhD,
    The AnyBody Group,
    Institute of Mechanical Engineering,
    Aalborg University, Denmark
    The AnyBody project deals with simulation of human motion by means of
    so-called inverse-inverse dynamics. We employ an optimization technique to
    distribute the forces between redundant muscles, and we employ another
    optimization technique to indentify the motion.

    You can read much more about the method in the list of publications (many
    available for download) on our homepage,

    Hamid Katoozian, Ph.D
    The Center for Locomotion Studies (CELOS)
    Pennsylvania State University
    29 Recreation Building
    University Park, PA 16802-5702
    Tel: (814) 865-1972
    (814) 863-0993
    Fax: (814) 863-4755
    I've done some work in this field, take a look at the following:

    1.Katoozian H, Davy D. "Effects of Loading Conditions and Objective Function
    on Three-Dimensional Shape Optimization of Femoral Component of Hip
    Endoprosthesis", 2000, Med.Eng.&Phys. 22;pp.243-251.

    2.Katoozian H, Broom N, Robertson P. "Poroelastic Parameter Estimation of
    Intervertebral Disc: A Finite Element and Evolutionary Based Algorithm",
    American Society of Biomechanics meeting, July 2000, Chicago, IL, USA.

    3.Katoozian H, "A Finite Element Based Distributed Parameters Approach to
    the Identification of Structural Characteristics of Bone", Proceedings of
    International Society of Biomechanics, August 1999, Calgary, Canada, ISB
    Proceedings Book p.848.

    4.Katoozian H, Arshi A, Saadati Y. "Optimal Design of Fiber Reinforced
    Composite Materials for Femoral Component of a Total Hip Endoprosthesis",
    Proceedings of International Society of Biomechanics, August 1999, Calgary,
    Canada, ISB Proceedings Book p.179.

    5.Katoozian H. "Analysis of Certain Inverse Problems in Biomechanics Using
    Nonlinear Optimization and Boundary Element Method", 16th Congress of
    International Society of Biomechanics, August 1997, Tokyo, Japan. ISB
    Proceedings Book p.25.

    6.Nicollella D, Wu Y, Katoozian H, Davy D. "A Probabilistic Analysis of the
    Structural Response of a Cemented Hip Implant", ASME Bioengineering Summer
    Conference, June 1997, Sun River, Oregon, USA.

    8.Katoozian H, Davy D. "Effects of Objective Function on Outcomes in Femoral
    Stem Shape Optimization for Total Hip Replacement", Second World Congress of
    Biomechanics, June 1994, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

    9.Davy D, Katoozian H. "Three-Dimensional Shape Optimization of Femoral
    Components of Hip Prostheses with Frictional Interface", Transactions 40th
    Orthopaedic Research Society, 1994, Vol 19, p.223.

    10.Katoozian H, Davy D. "Three-Dimensional Shape Optimization of Femoral
    Components of Total Hip Prostheses", ASME/ASCE/AIChe Bioengineering,
    ASME/BED, 1993, Vol 24, pp.552-555.

    Katrin Elbert, Ph.D.
    Dr. Don Bartel at Cornell University has done work in optimization (while I
    was his student there, he even taught a class in this). You may want to
    contact him regarding your specific questions.

    Helio Schechtman, PhD
    Programa de Computacao Cientifica
    Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz
    Av. Brasil 4365, Residencia Oficial
    21045-900, Rio de Janeiro, RJ
    Phone: (+55 21) 598 43 69; 598 43 99; 573 02 91; 573 61 93
    FAX: (+55 21) 270 51 41
    There were some very good papers on the subject on the 70 - 80's. Try Seireg
    and Arvirkar.

    Dr. Cheryl Riegger-Krugh
    I think Scott Delp has done work here

    Todd G. Langer
    Graduate Research Engineer
    Rocky Mountain Musculoskeletal
    Research Laboratory
    2425 S. Colorado Blvd. Suite 280
    Denver, CO 80231
    Fax: (303)759-2316

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