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Re: Soccer ball pressure and mass

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  • Re: Soccer ball pressure and mass

    Dear all,

    To explain it as short as possible from the physical kind of view:

    10psi = 0.689bar
    12psi = 0.827bar
    14psi = 0.965bar

    1. difference of 0.276bar (10psi to 14psi)
    2. volume of ball size 5 (diameter is 220mm)equals 0.0056m³ (calculating
    with size bigger than real bladder!!!)
    4. density of air 1.293kg/m³ at 20°C and 1.032bar

    Results: weight of additional air from 10psi to 14psi = max. 0.0019kg or
    1.9g for a size 5 ball
    equals 0.95g from 10psi to 12psi or from 12psi to 14psi
    every ball smaller than this (size 3 or 4) must have less weight
    difference due to less air inside.

    Thinks to think about:

    - about 200g for a ball seemed to be very less, so this will never be a ball
    for soccer ( >400g!!!)
    - a differents of 130g (measured on size 3 from 10 to 14psi) means a
    pressure of 18bar (>260psi) or
    an inflating to a size more than 570mm.

    Please check your test procedure:

    - is the identical ball used for 10 to 14psi?
    - same moisture
    - same temperature (very less influence)

    best regards,
    Karsten Westphal
    Testing Engineer
    Biomechanical Lab - Testcenter

    adidas-Salomon AG
    Adi-Dassler-Straße 24-26
    91443 Scheinfeld
    Tel.: (09162) 925-237
    Fax: +49 9162 925-264

    -----Original Message-----
    From: Koerger, Harald
    Sent: Montag, 19. November 2001 13:53
    To: Westphal, Karsten
    Subject: FW: [BIOMCH-L] Soccer ball pressure and mass

    Harald Körger
    Sports Research Engineer
    Biomechanical Lab - Testcenter

    adidas-Salomon AG
    Adi-Dassler-Straße 24-26
    91443 Scheinfeld
    Tel.: (09162) 925-240
    Fax: +49 9162 925-264

    -----Original Message-----
    From: Lucas, Tim
    Sent: 19 November 2001 13:03
    To: Koerger, Harald; Nuernberg, Hans-Peter; Pechtold, Andre
    Subject: FW: [BIOMCH-L] Soccer ball pressure and mass


    Can anyone think of a valid explanation for the following.....Could it
    really be the mass of air?


    -----Original Message-----
    From: Bing Yu [mailto:byu@MED.UNC.EDU]
    Sent: 16 November 2001 18:30
    Subject: [BIOMCH-L] Soccer ball pressure and mass

    Dear Colleagues,

    I posted the following question regarding soccer ball pressure and mass.

    __________________________________________________ ________

    I need some help to explain some data we obtained in one of our research

    project. One of my students did a study on the impact between soccer
    ball and head. She used soccer balls in 3 sizes: size 3, size 4, and
    size 5. She inflated each ball to 10 PSI, 12 PSI, and 14 PSI, and
    measured ball masses. Here are the results:

    Size 3 ball: 10 PSI: mass = 0.19947 kg, 12 PSI: mass = 0.20339 kg, 14
    PSI: mass = 0.32404 kg

    Size 4 ball: 10 PSI: mass = 0.22305 kg, 12 PSI: mass = 0.22309 kg, 14
    PSI: mass = 0.36728 kg

    Size 5 ball: 10 PSI: mass = 0.25701 kg, 12 PSI: mass = 0.25981 kg, 14
    PSI: mass = 0.42660 kg

    The student and a biomedical engineering faculty repeatedly measured the

    pressures and masses and confirmed these results are correct. Our
    questions is: why did ball masses had significant increases when ball
    presure increased from 12 PSI to 14 PSI? Thank you very much for your
    __________________________________________________ ___________

    I have recieved some responses, but most of these responses either told
    us that we put air into the ball and air has mass, or suggested us to
    check our equipment.

    I know I am not smart, and air has mass, but I don't believe that, for a
    soccer ball, we need to pump in over 0.1 kg air to increase presure from
    12 PSI to 14 PSI.

    We repeatedly checked and calibrated our equipment, and did not find any
    evidence that our data are due to equipment error. In addition, each
    ball was measured using two different pieces of equipment with
    essentially same results.

    My student measured the ball again this morning, and got the same
    results as I posted yesterday. Also, she found that the ball mass at 0
    PSI was very similar to that at 14 PSI.

    We will appreciate it if anybody can provide a convincing explanation to
    our observations. Thanks lot.


    Bing Yu, Ph.D.
    Assistant Professor
    Center for Human Movement Science
    Division of Physical Therapy
    The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
    Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7135

    Tel: 919-843-8643
    Fax: 919-966-3678

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