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measurement of tibial torsion - related references

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  • measurement of tibial torsion - related references

    I am searching for literature relating to the measurement or modelling of
    vertical ground reaction, bending and torsional forces imparted upon the
    human tibia during walking and running. I am interested in the role of these
    forces in the aetiology of tibial stress disorder, and more specifically,
    the relationship between muscle dysfunction and changes to these forces.

    I have searched the archives of Biomch-L, Medline, Sportsdiscus, web of
    science and have come up with a number of interesting references (see below
    for summary of relevant references found) - most of these relate to VGRF and
    a small number to bending forces. References relating to the measurement or
    modelling of torsional forces appear to be particularly rare.

    If anyone has references relating to the measurement or modelling of these
    forces, equipment used/suitable for such studies, validation of methods etc,
    these would be much appreciated.

    Thank you in advance (Summary of replies to be posted)

    summary of relevant references found:
    Bobbert, M. F., Yeadon, M. R., & Nigg, B. m. (1992). Mechanical analysis of
    the landing phase in heel toe running. Journal of Biomechanics, 25,

    Burr, D. B., Milgrom, C., Fyhrie, D., Forwood, M., Nyska, M., Finestone, A.,
    Hoshaw, S., Saiag, E., & Simkin, A. (1996). In vivo measurement of human
    tibial strains during vigorous activity. Bone, 18(5), 405-410.

    Christina, K. A., White, S. C., & Gilchrist, L. A. (2001). Effect of
    localized muscle fatigue on vertical ground reaction forces and ankle joint
    motion during running. Human Movement Science, 20, 257-276.

    Gerritsen, K. G. M., van den Bogert, A. J., & Nigg, B. M. (1995). Direct
    dynamics simulation of the impact phase in heel-toe running. Journal of
    biomechanics, 28, 661-668.

    Mizrahi, J., Verbitsky, O., & Isakov, E. (2000). Shock accelerations and
    attenuation in downhill and level running. Clinical Biomechanics, 15, 15-20.

    Mizrahi, J., Verbitsky, O., & Isakov, E. (2001). Fatigue-induced changes in
    decline running. Clinical Biomechanics, 16(3), 207-212.

    Mizrahi, J., Verbitsky, O., Isakov, E., & Daily, D. (2000). Effect of
    fatigue on leg kinematics and impact acceleration in long distance running.
    Human Movement Science, 19(2), 139-151.

    Nigg, B. M., Cole, G. K., & Bruggemann, G. P. (1995). Impact forces during
    heel-toe running. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 11, 407-432.

    Andrew Chapman
    PhD Candidate
    Department of Physiotherapy
    The University of Queensland
    St. Lucia, 4072, QLD, Australia.


    Department of Physiotherapy
    Australian Institute of Sport
    P.O.Box 176
    Belconnen, 2616, ACT, Australia.

    phone: + 61 438115605

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