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    On the 4th of May I posted a help plea, asking for
    references concerning the height of the substernale point in
    women, and the distance between the two Anterior Superior Iliac
    Spines (bispinous breadth) in men. I thank you very much for the
    many replies. If I had known those references before starting my
    search for literature, I would have saved several weeks of work.

    I summarized herein the replies I received, for your
    convenience, with my own comments within square brackets. I also
    added a short review of the three reports where I found most of
    the anthropometric data I needed, and where you are likely to
    find whatever parameter you need. I hope someone will find the
    following summary useful now or sometime in the future.

    I hope I'll be able in the future to help someone of you as
    much as you helped me. Thanks again,

    Paolo de Leva
    Sport Biomechanics Lab.
    I.S.E.F. of Rome.


    The following was suggested by Sarah Donelson

    An excellent, contemporary source of anthropometry that includes
    Bispinous Breadth (distance between left and right anterior iliac
    spines) for both men and women, but does not include substernale
    height is:
    Gordon, CC, B. Bradtmiller, T. Churchill, C.E. Clauser,
    J.T. McConville, I. Tebbetts and R. Walker. 1988
    Anthropometric Survey of US Army Personnel: Methods and
    Summary Statistics. Technical Report NATICK/TR-89/044,
    U.S. Army Natick Research, Development and Engineering

    Center, Natick, MA (1989).

    This report can be ordered from:
    U.S. Department of Commerce
    National Technical Information Service
    Sprinfield, VA 22161
    (accession number: AD A225 094).

    A total of 132 directly measured dimensions and 50 some odd
    automated headboard dimensions are in the report for males and
    females. Most of the data was collected on individuals in the
    requisite 18 - 30 year bracket because they are all military


    The following suggestions were offered by:
    Johan Molenbroek
    Lecturer Engineering Anthropometry
    Delft University of Technology
    (-From: Johan Molenbroek )

    Trotter and Gleser (1952),
    'Estimation of stature from longbones of American Whites and
    Negros Am J of Phys Anthropology,10(1952)4,463-514
    (...Data are presented from both living and death bodies of
    soldiers returning from the war).

    I measured a few years ago 44 variables from 354 students
    including 89 female, but did not measure the points you mentioned
    [substernale height, bispinous breadth, joint center positions].

    Look in the database CARL, because in there are a lot of
    ergonomic and anthropometric journals.

    Krogman and Yasar Iscan: The human skeleton in forensic
    (we use this book sometimes... [It contains] many data about the

    the newest Martin: Knussmann,R Anthropologie Band I II und III
    Gustav Fischer Verlag,Stuttgart,Germany,1988
    (When this book was announced its price was DM384)


    My own short review:

    Among the anthropometry books I found before posting my
    plea, one was as much useful as several dozens of different
    reports (although it does not contain the two specific parameters
    indicated in my plea): N.A.S.A Staff (1978). Anthropometric
    source book - Vol. II: A handbook of anthropometric data. Webb
    Associates, Yellow Springs, OH Distributed by:
    U.S. Department of Commerce
    National Technical Information Service
    Sprinfield, VA 22161

    I copied part of the preface for you (see below), so that
    you can appreciate the value of this book. The main advantage of
    a summary like this is that you have a huge amount of data in
    one book, and you can have in a short time a general idea about
    the contents of surveys from all over the world. The name of this
    summary was also included in the reply to my plea by Johan
    Molenbroek. Since no other summary was suggested to me, I think I
    can reasonably assume that the Authors were right when they wrote
    that their summary is "probably the most comprehensive source of
    summarized body-size data currently in existence". And it seems
    to be still so, after 15 years from its publication (correct me
    if I am wrong).

    From the Preface:
    "Volume II summarizes the results from anthropometric
    surveys of 61 military and civilian populations of both sexes
    from the United States, Europe, and Asia." [Some of these
    populations were divided into subgroups, and data about
    subgroups is included in the summary as well]. "Some 295
    measured variables are defined and illustrated. The variable
    names are listed in alphabetical order. For each variable, there
    is a computer order number by which it is identified, a list of
    surveys in which it was measured, a group of summary statistics,
    and a series of values for the 1st, 5th, 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th,
    90th, 95th, and 99th percentile of the given population."
    "Preceding the presentation of the actual data are three
    indexes designed to assist the reader in the use of the
    material. The first of these indexes, entitled "Anthropometric
    Surveys: A reference list", lists and describes the sources from
    which all the summary data were extracted (...). The next index,
    entitled "Definition of Measurements", includes both written
    descriptions of all the variables cited and simplified line
    drawings, where feasible, to illustrate a particular measurement.
    The third index is provided to further guide the user in
    identifying and finding measurements relevant to his or her
    particular needs. It is entitled "Index of Dimensions". The
    variables are listed by name and are categorized by anatomical
    region and by anthropometric technique."
    "Volume II contains a minimum of text-type material and is
    primarily a handbook of tabulated dimensional anthropometric
    data. It is probably the most comprehensive source of summarized
    body-size data currently in existence."

    Particularly rich lists of anthropometric data can be found
    in the two following reports. They are both based on the analysis
    of small samples (n=13 and n=6) of fairly old (when they died, of
    course) cadavers, but the landmarks were located very accurately,
    with the help of fluoroscopy and X-ray.

    Clauser CE, et al. (1969). Weight, volume, and center of
    mass of segments of the human body. AMRL-TR-69-70, Wright
    Patterson Air Force Base, OH

    Chandler RF, et al. (1975). Investigation of Inertial
    properties of the human body. AMRL-TR-74-137, Wright Patterson
    Air Force Base, OH
    (This book contains also unique 3D data about the position of
    estimated joint centers with respect to neighboring bony
    landmarks, and the center of mass of adjacent segments, although
    in some cases the segment lengths calculated using 3D data are
    markedly different from those measured through conventional
    anthropometry, by up to 4.4 cm).

    With the best regards,

    Paolo de Leva