No announcement yet.

Joint center anthropometry (summary)

This topic is closed.
  • Filter
  • Time
  • Show
Clear All
new posts

  • Joint center anthropometry (summary)


    On the 4th of May I posted a help plea, asking for
    references about the anthropometry of the main joint centers of
    the body, namely the estimated position of joint centers relative
    to conventional bony landmarks. I thank you very much for the
    many replies.

    I summarized herein the replies I received, for your
    convenience, with my own comments within square brackets. I also
    added a description of the only source I had found before posting
    my plea (Chandler et al., 1975). I hope this summary will be of
    help for someone else.

    I hope I'll be able in the future to help someone of you as
    much as you helped me. Thanks again,

    Paolo de Leva
    Sport Biomechanics Lab.
    I.S.E.F. of Rome.

    ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ +++++++++++++++

    The book "Dynamics of Human Gait" by C.L. Vaughan et al, Human
    Kinetics may help you...

    Aurelio Cappozzo


    Try Plagenhoef, Stanley (1971) Patterns of Human Motion: a
    cinematographic analysis. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall

    Dr. David Webb

    [This book includes drawings where the position of some joint
    centers is shown relative to adjacent bony landmarks, and the
    relevant longitudinal distances are reported. However, the
    position of the hip joint center is indicated relative to the
    most lateral point of the great trochanter, which is not a
    conventional bony landmark, since anthropometrists use the
    trochanterion, defined as the highest point of the trochanter.]

    ----------------------------------------------------------------- best as I can recall, there was an article or two on
    anthropometry which utilized joint center landmarks in the Czech
    journal ANTHROPOLOGIE (Prague), sometime around the early to
    mid-1980s. Sorry that I can't be of more help.

    Gary Heathcote, Anthropology Program,
    University of Guam


    Dempster,W.T. (1955). Space requirements of the seated operator,
    Technical report WADC-TR-55-159
    Wright -Patterson Airforce Base,Ohio
    (...I think that most of the anthropometric computer manikins are
    based on that work).

    Johan Molenbroek
    Lecturer Engineering Anthropometry
    Delft University of Technology
    (-From: Johan Molenbroek )

    [I have a copy of this report, and it contains a huge amount of
    information about joint centers, and other topics, but it does
    not report the estimated distance of joint centers from bony
    landmarks, although a table of distances between adjacent joint
    centers is included ("link dimensions", p.124), and a pattern for
    locating "nominal" joint centers on the living is also suggested
    (p.123). Dempster described and used several different methods to
    determine the position of joint centers in living subjects and
    cadaver joints. The main conclusion was that instantaneous joint
    centers markedly change their position depending on the angle the
    relevant segments are forming at a given instant of their
    rotation with respect to each other. Therefore, it's impossible
    to locate a unique joint center for each joint. Nevertheless,
    "nominal" joint centers were tentatively defined, on the base of
    the available data, at page 123].

    With kind regards,

    Paolo de Leva