Dear Netters,

A long time ago I posted the following question. I am sorry
about the delay in posting my summary of responses. Iod like
to take this chance to tank everyone who helped me.

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> Hello Biomechl'ers
>Please if is possible send me information about the subject
"Gait Motor Performance
>of Lower Limb Amputees"
>Tanks four your consideration
>Carlos Ferreira
>Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciencia
>Laborat"rio de Biomecanica
>Apartado 14, 2781 Oeiras

>Telephone: (351)-1-443 13 13
>Telefax : (351)-1-443 56 25

Dear Mr. Ferreira
I hope you find this list helpful to you

Good luck


Jack R. Ensenberg, Ph. D.

Engsberg, J.R., T.L. Allinger, J.A. Harder and G.Clynch.
1989. "Standing Pressure Distribution for Normal and Below
the Knee Amputee Children." Prosthetics and Orthotics
International. 13(3) p.152-155.

Engsberg, J.R., K.G. Tedford, J.A. Harder and J.P. Mills.
1990. "Timing Changes for Stance, Swing and Double Support
in a Recent Child Below the Knee Amputee." Pediatric
Exercise Science. 2(3) p.255-262.

Engsberg, J.R., A.G. Lee, J.L. Patterson, J.A. Harder. 1991
"External Loading Comparisons Between Normal and
Below-Knee-Amputation Children During Walking." Archives of
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 72(9) p.657-661.

Engsberg, J.R., B.R. MacIntosh, J.A. Harder. 1991.
"Comparison of Effort Between Below-Knee-Amputee and Normal
Children - Pilot Study." Journal of the Association of
Children's Prosthetic-Orthotic Clinics. 26(2) p.46-52.

Engsberg, J.R., K.C. Aldridge, J.A. Harder. 1991. "Lower
Limb Intersegmental Forces for Below-Knee-Amputee Children
during Standing." Prosthetics and Orthotics International.
15(3) p.185-192.

Engsberg, J.R., K.G. Tedford, J.A. Harder. 1992. "Center of
Mass Location and Segment Angular Orientation of
Below-Knee-Amputee and Able-Bodied -'Children during
Walking." Archives of Phvsical Medicine and Rehabilitation.
73(12) p.1163-1168.

Engsberg, J.R., M.J.N. Springer, K.G. Tedford, J.A. Harder.
1992. "Weight Distribution between Below-Knee-Amputee and
Able-Bodied Children during Standing." Prosthetics and
Orthotics International. 16(3) p.200-202.

16. Engsberg, J.R., A.G. Lee, J.S. Allan, J.A. Harder, G.S.
Clynch. 1992. "A CAD/CAM Method for Custom
Below-Knee-Amputee Sockets." Prosthetics and Orthotics
International. 16(3) p.183-188

Engsberg, J.R., M.J.N. Springer, J.A. Harder. 1992.
"Quantifying Interface Pressures in
Below-Knee-AmputeeSockets - Pilot Study". Journal of the
Association of Children's Prosthetic-Orthotic Clinics. 27(3)

Engsberg, J.R., A.G. Lee, K.G. Tedford, J.A. Harder. 1993.
"Normative Ground Reaction Force Data forAble-Bodied and
Below-Knee-Amputee Children duringWalking" Journal of
Pediatric Orthopaedics. 13(2)

Engsberg, J.R., A.G. Lee, J.A. Harder, 1993. "External
Loading for Below-Knee-Amputee and AbleBodied Children
during Running." Prosthetics and Orthotics International.
17(2) p.83-90.

Tedford, K.G., J.R. Engsberg, S. Fellowes, R. Ballance,
J.A. Harder. 1993. "The Efficacy of the Drionic Device in
the Treatment of Hyperhidrosis in Juvenile Amputees."
Journal of the Association of Children's
Prosthetic-Orthotic Clinics. 27(4) p.107-111.

Herbert, L.M., J.R. Engsberg, K.G. Tedford, S.K. Grimston.
1994. "Oxygen Consumption Differences between
Below-Knee-Amputee and Able-Bodied Children.Physical
Therapy. 74(10) p.943-950.

Engsberg, J.R., L.M. Herbert, K.G. Tedford, S.K. Grimston,
J.A. Harder. 1994. "Relationship Among Indices of Effort
and Oxygen Uptake in Below-Knee- Amputee and Able-Bodied
Children." Archives of 7 Physical Medicine and
Rehabilitation. In Press.

Tedford, K.G., J.R. Engsberg, J.L. Patterson, J.A. Harder.
1994 "Comparison of Strength and Balance Scores between
Below-Knee-Amputee (BKA) and Normal Children. Canadian
Journal of Physiotherapy. In Press.

Stefanyshyn, D.J., J.R. Engsberg, K.G. Tedford, J.A.
Harder. 1994. "Prosthetic Features and the Gait of
Below-Knee-Amputee Children - Pilot Study." Prosthetics and
Orthotics International. In Press.
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Doren M. Espinoza

Following are the references for BKA that I have thus far in
my library. I am curious what your area of research is. I am
doing my Master's Thesis on BKA muscular patterns during
running, thus I have some information on walking but most of
my references are for BKA running. I look forward to hearing
from you.

Breakey, J. (1976). "Gait of unilateral below-knee
amputees". Orthotics and Prosthetics 30(3): 17-24.

Colborne, R. G., S. Naumann, et al. (1992). "Analysis of
mechanical and metabolic factors in the gait of congenital
below knee amputees: A comparison /~ of the SACH and
Seattle feet." American Journal of Physical Medicine and
Rehabilitation 71(5): 272-278.

Culham, E. G., M. Peat, et al. (1984). "Analysis of gait
following below-knee amputation: A comparison of the SACH
and single-axis foot." Physiotherapy Canada 36(5): 237-242.

Culham, E. G., M. Peat, et al. (1986). "Below-knee
amputation: a comparison of the effect of the SACH foot and
single axis foot on electromyographic patterns during
locomotion." Prosthetics and Orthotics International 10:

Doane, N. E. and L. E. Holt (1983). "A comparison of the
SACH and single axis foot in the gait of unilateral
below-knee amputees." Prosthetics and Orthotics
International 7: 33-36.

Engsberg, J. R., A. G. Lee, et al. (1991). "External loading
comparisons between able-bodied and below-knee-amputee
children during walking." Archives in Physical Medicine and
Rehabilitation 72: 657-661.

Engsberg, J. R., K. G. Tedford, et al. (1992). "Center of
mass location and segment angular orientation of
below-knee-amputee and able-bodied children during walking."
Archives in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 73:

Goh, J. C. H., S. E. Solomonidis, et al. (1984).
"Biomechanical evaluation of SACH and uniaxial feet."
Prosthetics and Orthotics International 8: 147-154.

Lewallen, R., G. Dyck, et al. (1986). "Gait kinematics in
below-knee child amputees: A force plate analysis." Journal
of Pediatric Orthopedics 6: 291-298.

Menard, M. R. and D. D. Murray (1989). "Subjective and
objective analysis of an energy-storing prosthetic foot."
Journal of prosthetics and orthotics 1(4): 220-230.

Nielsen, D. H., D. G. Shurr, et al. (1988). "Comparison of
energy cost and gait efficiency during ambulation in
below-knee amputees using different prosthetic feet: A
preliminary report." Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics
1(1): 24-31.

Schneider, K., T. Hart, et al. (1993). "Dynamics of
below-knee child amputee gait: SACH foot versus flex foot."
Journal of Biomechanics 26(10): 1191-1204.

Seliktar, R. and J. Mizrahi (1986). "Some gait
characteristics of below-knee amputees and their reflection
on the ground reaction forces." Engineering in Medicine
15(1): 27-34.

Skinner, H. B. and D. J. Effeney (1985). "Special review:
Gait analysis in 'J amputees." American Journal of Physical
Medicine 64(2): 82-89. _

Torburn, L., J. Perry, et al. (1990). "Below-knee amputee
gait with dynamic elastic response prosthetic feet: A pilot
study." Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
27(4): 369-384.

Wagner, J., S. Sienko, et al. (1987). "Motion analysis of
SACH vs. Flex-foot in oderately active below-knee amputees."
Clinical Prosthetics and Orthotics 11(1): 55-62.

Winter D. A. (1988). "Biomechanics of below-knee amputee
gait." Journal of Biomechanics 21(5): 361-367.

Zernicke, R. F., M. G. Hoy, et al. (1985). "Ground reaction
forces and center
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