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    Dear Netters,

    A long time ago I posted the following question. I am sorry
    about the delay in posting my summary of responses. Iod like
    to take this chance to tank everyone who helped me.

    ************************************************** **********
    > Hello Biomechl'ers
    >Please if is possible send me information about the subject
    "Gait Motor Performance
    >of Lower Limb Amputees"
    >Tanks four your consideration
    >Carlos Ferreira
    >Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciencia
    >Laborat"rio de Biomecanica
    >Apartado 14, 2781 Oeiras

    >Telephone: (351)-1-443 13 13
    >Telefax : (351)-1-443 56 25
    >EMAIL :

    Dear Mr. Ferreira
    I hope you find this list helpful to you

    Good luck


    Jack R. Ensenberg, Ph. D.

    Engsberg, J.R., T.L. Allinger, J.A. Harder and G.Clynch.
    1989. "Standing Pressure Distribution for Normal and Below
    the Knee Amputee Children." Prosthetics and Orthotics
    International. 13(3) p.152-155.

    Engsberg, J.R., K.G. Tedford, J.A. Harder and J.P. Mills.
    1990. "Timing Changes for Stance, Swing and Double Support
    in a Recent Child Below the Knee Amputee." Pediatric
    Exercise Science. 2(3) p.255-262.

    Engsberg, J.R., A.G. Lee, J.L. Patterson, J.A. Harder. 1991
    "External Loading Comparisons Between Normal and
    Below-Knee-Amputation Children During Walking." Archives of
    Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 72(9) p.657-661.

    Engsberg, J.R., B.R. MacIntosh, J.A. Harder. 1991.
    "Comparison of Effort Between Below-Knee-Amputee and Normal
    Children - Pilot Study." Journal of the Association of
    Children's Prosthetic-Orthotic Clinics. 26(2) p.46-52.

    Engsberg, J.R., K.C. Aldridge, J.A. Harder. 1991. "Lower
    Limb Intersegmental Forces for Below-Knee-Amputee Children
    during Standing." Prosthetics and Orthotics International.
    15(3) p.185-192.

    Engsberg, J.R., K.G. Tedford, J.A. Harder. 1992. "Center of
    Mass Location and Segment Angular Orientation of
    Below-Knee-Amputee and Able-Bodied -'Children during
    Walking." Archives of Phvsical Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    73(12) p.1163-1168.

    Engsberg, J.R., M.J.N. Springer, K.G. Tedford, J.A. Harder.
    1992. "Weight Distribution between Below-Knee-Amputee and
    Able-Bodied Children during Standing." Prosthetics and
    Orthotics International. 16(3) p.200-202.

    16. Engsberg, J.R., A.G. Lee, J.S. Allan, J.A. Harder, G.S.
    Clynch. 1992. "A CAD/CAM Method for Custom
    Below-Knee-Amputee Sockets." Prosthetics and Orthotics
    International. 16(3) p.183-188

    Engsberg, J.R., M.J.N. Springer, J.A. Harder. 1992.
    "Quantifying Interface Pressures in
    Below-Knee-AmputeeSockets - Pilot Study". Journal of the
    Association of Children's Prosthetic-Orthotic Clinics. 27(3)

    Engsberg, J.R., A.G. Lee, K.G. Tedford, J.A. Harder. 1993.
    "Normative Ground Reaction Force Data forAble-Bodied and
    Below-Knee-Amputee Children duringWalking" Journal of
    Pediatric Orthopaedics. 13(2)

    Engsberg, J.R., A.G. Lee, J.A. Harder, 1993. "External
    Loading for Below-Knee-Amputee and AbleBodied Children
    during Running." Prosthetics and Orthotics International.
    17(2) p.83-90.

    Tedford, K.G., J.R. Engsberg, S. Fellowes, R. Ballance,
    J.A. Harder. 1993. "The Efficacy of the Drionic Device in
    the Treatment of Hyperhidrosis in Juvenile Amputees."
    Journal of the Association of Children's
    Prosthetic-Orthotic Clinics. 27(4) p.107-111.

    Herbert, L.M., J.R. Engsberg, K.G. Tedford, S.K. Grimston.
    1994. "Oxygen Consumption Differences between
    Below-Knee-Amputee and Able-Bodied Children.Physical
    Therapy. 74(10) p.943-950.

    Engsberg, J.R., L.M. Herbert, K.G. Tedford, S.K. Grimston,
    J.A. Harder. 1994. "Relationship Among Indices of Effort
    and Oxygen Uptake in Below-Knee- Amputee and Able-Bodied
    Children." Archives of 7 Physical Medicine and
    Rehabilitation. In Press.

    Tedford, K.G., J.R. Engsberg, J.L. Patterson, J.A. Harder.
    1994 "Comparison of Strength and Balance Scores between
    Below-Knee-Amputee (BKA) and Normal Children. Canadian
    Journal of Physiotherapy. In Press.

    Stefanyshyn, D.J., J.R. Engsberg, K.G. Tedford, J.A.
    Harder. 1994. "Prosthetic Features and the Gait of
    Below-Knee-Amputee Children - Pilot Study." Prosthetics and
    Orthotics International. In Press.
    ************************************************** *********
    Doren M. Espinoza

    Following are the references for BKA that I have thus far in
    my library. I am curious what your area of research is. I am
    doing my Master's Thesis on BKA muscular patterns during
    running, thus I have some information on walking but most of
    my references are for BKA running. I look forward to hearing
    from you.

    Breakey, J. (1976). "Gait of unilateral below-knee
    amputees". Orthotics and Prosthetics 30(3): 17-24.

    Colborne, R. G., S. Naumann, et al. (1992). "Analysis of
    mechanical and metabolic factors in the gait of congenital
    below knee amputees: A comparison /~ of the SACH and
    Seattle feet." American Journal of Physical Medicine and
    Rehabilitation 71(5): 272-278.

    Culham, E. G., M. Peat, et al. (1984). "Analysis of gait
    following below-knee amputation: A comparison of the SACH
    and single-axis foot." Physiotherapy Canada 36(5): 237-242.

    Culham, E. G., M. Peat, et al. (1986). "Below-knee
    amputation: a comparison of the effect of the SACH foot and
    single axis foot on electromyographic patterns during
    locomotion." Prosthetics and Orthotics International 10:

    Doane, N. E. and L. E. Holt (1983). "A comparison of the
    SACH and single axis foot in the gait of unilateral
    below-knee amputees." Prosthetics and Orthotics
    International 7: 33-36.

    Engsberg, J. R., A. G. Lee, et al. (1991). "External loading
    comparisons between able-bodied and below-knee-amputee
    children during walking." Archives in Physical Medicine and
    Rehabilitation 72: 657-661.

    Engsberg, J. R., K. G. Tedford, et al. (1992). "Center of
    mass location and segment angular orientation of
    below-knee-amputee and able-bodied children during walking."
    Archives in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 73:

    Goh, J. C. H., S. E. Solomonidis, et al. (1984).
    "Biomechanical evaluation of SACH and uniaxial feet."
    Prosthetics and Orthotics International 8: 147-154.

    Lewallen, R., G. Dyck, et al. (1986). "Gait kinematics in
    below-knee child amputees: A force plate analysis." Journal
    of Pediatric Orthopedics 6: 291-298.

    Menard, M. R. and D. D. Murray (1989). "Subjective and
    objective analysis of an energy-storing prosthetic foot."
    Journal of prosthetics and orthotics 1(4): 220-230.

    Nielsen, D. H., D. G. Shurr, et al. (1988). "Comparison of
    energy cost and gait efficiency during ambulation in
    below-knee amputees using different prosthetic feet: A
    preliminary report." Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics
    1(1): 24-31.

    Schneider, K., T. Hart, et al. (1993). "Dynamics of
    below-knee child amputee gait: SACH foot versus flex foot."
    Journal of Biomechanics 26(10): 1191-1204.

    Seliktar, R. and J. Mizrahi (1986). "Some gait
    characteristics of below-knee amputees and their reflection
    on the ground reaction forces." Engineering in Medicine
    15(1): 27-34.

    Skinner, H. B. and D. J. Effeney (1985). "Special review:
    Gait analysis in 'J amputees." American Journal of Physical
    Medicine 64(2): 82-89. _

    Torburn, L., J. Perry, et al. (1990). "Below-knee amputee
    gait with dynamic elastic response prosthetic feet: A pilot
    study." Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
    27(4): 369-384.

    Wagner, J., S. Sienko, et al. (1987). "Motion analysis of
    SACH vs. Flex-foot in oderately active below-knee amputees."
    Clinical Prosthetics and Orthotics 11(1): 55-62.

    Winter D. A. (1988). "Biomechanics of below-knee amputee
    gait." Journal of Biomechanics 21(5): 361-367.

    Zernicke, R. F., M. G. Hoy, et al. (1985). "Ground reaction
    forces and center
    ************************************************** *******