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    SAUMUR, France
    May 20-22, 1996


    Scintific Committee:
    Helen Davies (University of Melbourne, Australia)
    Nancy Deuel (University of Maryland, USA)
    Stig Drevemo (Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden)
    Henk Schamhardt (University of Utrecht, The Netherlands)
    Eric Barrey (National Institute of Agricultural Research, France)

    Organizing Committee:
    The National Institute of Agricultural Research (INRA) and
    the National Equestrian School (ENE) are the official organizers
    of the conference.

    Dr E. Barrey
    78352 Jouy-en-Josas

    fax: Int+33+1+34 65 22 10
    phone: Int+33+1+34 65 22 01
    E-mail: ugeneba


    Sunday 19 May 1996
    2.30 - 8.00 pm Registration in downtown Saumur in the Town Hall (Hotel de Ville
    - Salle des mariages)
    __________________________________________________ _________
    Monday 20 May 1996
    8.00 - 9.00 am Registration at the Ecole Nationale d'Equitation (ENE)
    Coffee will be served in the hall of the Cadre Noir manege

    9.00 Official opening
    Mr Christian Cambo (Director of ENE)
    Mr Bernard Bib{ (Head of the Department of Animal Genetics - INRA)

    Oral presentations 1-8
    Chair: Dr Henk Schamhardt (The Netherlands)
    9.30 Development of a technique for measuring ground reaction force i
    n the equine on a treadmill
    Weishaupt M.A., Hogg H.P., Wiestner T., Demuth D.C., Auer J.A. (Switzerland)
    9.45 Ground reaction forces in horses assessed from hoof deformation
    using artificial neural networks
    Van Loon J.P., Savelberg H.H., Schamhardt H.C. (The Netherlands)
    10.00 An application of discrete wavelet analysis impact biomechanics
    Lanovaz J.L., Watson L.G. (Canada)
    10.15 The use of two camera 3-dimensional technique for analysis of eq
    uine kinematic field data
    Rogers C.W.W., Davies A.S. (New Zealand)

    10.30-10.55 Coffee-break in the hall of the Cadre Noir manege

    11.00 K.S. index : a method for the quantification of the locomotion s
    ymmetry of the horse at slow trot using kinem atic data
    Pourcelot P., Audigi{, F., Degueurce C., Denoix J.M. (France)
    11.15 Tachycineradiography and fast gaits: differential actions of the
    limb joints during the locomotion cycle
    Rocha-Barbosa O., Renous S., Gasc J.P. (France)
    11.30 Image-analysis to measure activity of animals
    Bloemen H., Berckmans D., Aerts J.M., Goedseels V. (Belgium)

    Poster presentations 25-29
    Chair: Prof. George Pratt (USA)
    Joint moments and power in the equine forelimb
    Colborne G.R., Lanovaz J.L., Sprigings E.J., Schamhardt H.C., Clayton H.M. (Sask
    atchewan, Canada)
    The response of the cortical proportions of the third metacarpal bone to fast sp
    eed exercise in thoroughbreds
    Larkin N.C., Davies H.M.S. (Australia)
    Variations of local strain and modulus of elasticity along the equine superficia
    l digital flexor tendon in relation to its architecture
    Denoix-Crevier N., Pourcelot P., Collobert C., Bernard N., Sanaa M., Geiger D.,
    Denoix J.M., Crevier G. (France)
    Visualising the pattern of strains in the hoof wall in vivo
    Davies H.M.S. (Australia)
    Radiological assessment of the effects of a full motion rolling shoe during asym
    etric suppport
    Serteyn D., Miesen M, Caudron I., Grulke S., Maes P.,Vanschepdael P. (Belgium)
    12.30-1.30 pm Lunch at the ENE restaurant

    Poster presentations 9-17
    Chair: Dr Michel Tavernier (France)
    A kinematic analysis system for the study of equine locomotion in outdoor condit
    Pourcelot P., Degueurce C., Audigi{, F., Denoix J.M. (France)
    A comparative study of home video-macintosh computer-based and modified coda-3 s
    ystems in equine motion analysis
    Szalay F., Back W., Barneveld A., Schamhardt H., Hajos F. (Hungary)
    Videography computer aided: a useful method in horse locomotion
    Miro Rodriguez F., Morales J.L., Vivo J., Aguera E., Cano M.R., Galisteo A.M. (
    Trotting on the treadmill: the ideal speed for motion analysis
    Peham C., Mayr A., Licka T., Scheidl M., Girtler D. (Austria)
    Determination of pig movements measured by image analysis
    Nabil Brandl M.A. (Denmark)
    Estimation of horse's movement biomechanics using a dynamographic plate
    Jackowski M. (Poland)
    Computerised gait analysis in poultry using a pedobarograph
    Corr S.A. (Scotland, UK)
    Impact during equine locomotion: techniques for data analysis
    Burn J.F., Wilson A.M., Nason G.P. (United Kingdom)
    Integrated system for measurement and evaluation of physiologic and biomechanic
    parameters of working horses
    Heipertz-Hengst C., M ller A., Nicol K. (Germany)

    3.00-4.30 WORKSHOPS
    In vivo measurement techniques in equine biomechanical research (Chair: Prof.
    Stig Drevemo, Sweden)
    Signal analysis in biomechanics (Chair: Dr Michel Tavernier, France)

    4.30-4.55 Coffee-break

    Oral presentations 18-24
    Chair: Prof. Stig Drevemo (Sweden)
    5.00 A biomechanical model describing a mechanism for injury to the f
    oreleg of the racehorse
    Pratt G.W. (Massachusetts, USA)
    5.15 Power flow in the equine forelimb
    Colborne G.R., Lanovaz J.L., Sprigings E.J., Schamhardt H.C., Clayton H.M. (S
    askatchewan, Canada)
    5.30 Timing and distribution of strains on the equine metacarpus
    Davies H.M.S. (Australia)
    5.45 The explanation of the unique function of the accessory ligament
    of the deep digital flexor in the horse
    Savelberg H.H.C.M., Buchner H.H.F., Becker C.K., Schamhardt H.C. (The Netherl
    6.00 Effects of orthopaedic shoeing on the load of the deep flexor te
    ndon in Dutch warmblood horses
    Willemen M.A., Jacobs M.W.H., Savelberg H.H.C.M., Barneveld A. (The Netherlan
    6.15 Healing of the accessory ligament of the deep digital flexor ten
    don after experimental desmotomy
    Becker C.K., Savelberg H.H.C.M., Buchner H.H. (The Netherlands)
    6.30 Relationship between histological structure of pathological equi
    ne superficial digital flexor tendons and their mechanical beh
    Denoix-Crevier N., Pourcelot P., Collobert C., Geiger D., Bernard N., Denoix
    J.M., Sanaa M., Ribot X. (France)
    __________________________________________________ _____
    7.00 Demonstration by the Cadre Noir in the manege

    8.00-9.30 Buffet at the ENE restaurant
    Tuesday 21 May 1996

    Chair: Prof. Bernard Landjerit (France)

    9.00 am The mechanics of locomotion in horses
    Minetti A.E., Ardigo L.P., Reinach E., Saibene F. (Italy)
    9.15 Kinematic comparison of the leading and trailing fore and hind l
    imbs at the canter
    Back W., Schamhardt H.C., Barneveld A. (The Netherlands)
    9.30 Variability of the limb joint behaviors of sound horses trotting
    in the conditions of the standard lameness examin
    Degueurce C., Pourcelot P., Audigi{, F., Denoix J.M. (France)
    9.45 Influence of speed on the kinematics and kinetics of the carpus
    Johnston C., Drevemo S., Roepstorff L. (Sweden)
    10.00 The hind limb of the trotting horse : a kinetic and kinematic st
    Roepstorff L., Drevemo S., Johnston C. (Sweden)

    10.15-10.40 Coffee-break

    10.45 Effects of treadmill inclination on kinematics of the trot in Du
    tch warmblood horses
    Sloet van Oldruitenborgh-Oosterbaan, M.,Barneveld A., Schamhardt H.C. (The Ne
    11.00 Comparison of stride components in equine locomotion on a flat a
    nd an inclined treadmill
    Kai M., Hiraga A., Kubo K., Tokuriki M. (Japan)
    11.15 The difference of muscle activity in equine locomotion on ground
    and on treadmill
    Tokuriki M., Otsuki R., Takahashi K., Jozaki A., Kai M., Hiraga A., Aoki O. (
    11.30 Postural control and locomotion in the developing rat
    Gramsbergen A., Geisler H. (The Netherlands)
    11.45 Informative contents of the foot prints cinematic parameters and
    adhesion conditions
    Abourachid A., Renous S., Gasc J.P. (France)

    12.00 Conference group photo

    12.15-1.15 pm Guided tour of the Ecole Nationale d'Equitation

    1.15-2.00 Lunch

    Poster presentations 40-47
    Chair: Dr Helen Davies (Australia)
    The forelimb of the trotting horse : a kinetic and kinematic study
    Roepstorff L., Johnston C., Drevemo S. (Sweden)
    Biokinematics of adult and young Andalusian horses at the trot
    Cano M.R., Morales J.L., Vivo J., Miro F., Galisteo A., Ag era E. (Spain)
    Differences between breeds (Dutch warmblood vs Andalusian purebred) in forelimb
    Galisteo A.M., Vivo J., Cano M.R., Morales J.L., Miro F., Ag era E. (Spain)
    Locomotion symmetry of sound French warmblood horses at slow trot
    Pourcelot P., Degeurce C., Audigi{ F., Denoix J.M. (France)
    Cinematic analysis of the locomotion of the two lambs breeds
    Abourachid A., Laville E. (France)
    Study of the "raising" behavioural activities in large mammals (cattles and pigs
    Bels V., Renous S., Serneels F. (Belgium)
    Comparative study of breed differences on metabolic and contractile characterist
    ics in different thigh muscles
    Sayd T., Mera T., Bousset J., Laville E. (France)
    Standardisation of the sampling depth of gluteus medius in horse using echograph
    y measurements
    Barrey E., Valette J.P., Jouglin M., Courouc{ A., Auvinet B., Flaux B. (France)

    3.00-5.30 WORKSHOPS
    Simulation of the gaits using the Persival system (Dr Patrick Galloux)
    A kinematic data base for jumping horses (Drs P. Galloux and E. Barrey)
    Quantification of lameness by accelerometric measurements (Drs Eric Barrey and
    Xavier Goupil)

    4.00-4.25 Coffee-break

    Video films:
    Tachycineradiography of running in small mammals (Dr Elisabeth Laville)
    Equine gait analysis system in 3D (Mr Pourcelot)
    System for measuring physiological and biomechanical parametres (Dr Christin Hei
    pertz- Hengst)
    __________________________________________________ ____
    6.00-8.30 Guided tour of the Castle of Saumur - cocktails
    __________________________________________________ _________
    Wednesday 22 May 1996

    Oral presentations 48-53
    Chair: Prof. Mikihiko Tokuriki (Japan)
    9.00 am Influence of horizontal loading on the kinematics and kinetics o
    f the horse
    Drevemo S., Johnston C., Roepstorff L. (Sweden)
    9.15 Investigation of the equine jumping technique by accelerometry
    Barrey E., Galloux P. (France)
    9.30 Components of the total kinetic moment in jumping horses
    Galloux P., Barrey E. (France)
    9.45 Comparison between the temporal characteristics of the canter pi
    rouette and the collected canter
    Clayton H.M., Burns T.E. (Saskatchewan, Canada)
    10.00 The effects of gait quality and collection on the angular veloci
    ty of the hind limb joints in riding horses at the trot
    HolmstrSm M., Drevemo S. (Sweden)
    10.15 Effects of conformation on the canter and gallop of Olympic thre
    e-day event horses
    Deuel N.R. (Maryland, USA)

    10.30-10.55 Coffee-break

    Poster presentations 54-59
    Chair: Dr Bertrand Langlois (France)
    Angular accelerations in the joints of the hind limb : differences between ridin
    g horses judged as good and poor at the trot
    HolmstrSm M., Drevemo S. (Sweden)
    Classification of collected trot, passage and piaffe using stance phase temporal
    Clayton H.M. (Saskatchewan, Canada)
    Animation analysis as a tool for investigating equine gaits transitions
    Nicholson N. (Ohio, USA)
    Training in Andalusian horses : is the locomotor pattern affected by training ?
    Munoz A., Castejon F.M., Rubio M.D., Vivo R., Ag era E., Escribano B.M.,
    Santisteban R. (Spain)
    Relationships between conformation and performance in Olympic three-day event ho
    Deuel N.R. (Maryland, USA)
    Effect of added weight on landing kinematics of the forelimbs in jumping horses
    Clayton H.M. (Saskatchewan, Canada)

    Poster presentations 65-68
    Chair: Dr Bernard Auvinet (France)
    Measurement of gait asymmetry in lame horses using an accelerometric device
    Barrey E., Desbrosse F. (France)
    Gait analysis in laying hens and broilers with and without leg disorders
    Reiter K., Bessei W. (Germany)
    Limb kinematics in a dog with a fibrotic myopathy
    Galisteo A.M., Vilar J.M., Pinedo M, Cano R. (Spain)
    Equine motion analysis as a way to objectivate the effect of acupuncture : a cas
    e report
    Licka T., Peham C., Scheidl M. (Austria)

    12.30-1.30 pm Lunch

    2.00-3.30 WORKSHOPS
    Gait analysis and judging criteria for Dressage (Prof. Hilary Clayton)
    Comparison of treadmill and overground locomotion (Dr Hans Savelberg)
    The range of normal values for the trot (Dr Helen Davies)

    3.30-3.55 Coffee break

    Oral presentations 60-64
    Chair: Dr Nancy Deuel (USA)
    4.00 Effects of the asymmetrical placement of skin markers in the kin
    ematic assessment of the locomotion symmetry of the h
    Audigi{, F., Pourcelot P., Degueurce C., Denoix J.M. (France)
    4.15 Load redistribution after desmotomy of the accessory ligament of
    the deep digital flexor tendon in adult horses
    Buchner H.H.F., Savelberg H.H.C.M., Becker C.K. (The Netherlands)
    4.30 Compensatory movements of horses with a stance phase lameness
    Uhlir C., Kubber P., Girtler D., Peham C., Scheidl M., Licka T. (Austria)
    4.45 Kinematics in Dutch warmblood horses at the trot before and afte
    r an induced lameness
    Galisteo A.M., Cano M.R., Morales J.L., Miro F., Vivo J., Ag era E. (Spain)
    5.00 Investigating locomotion of dairy cows by use of high-speed cine
    Herlin A., Drevemo S. (Sweden)


    7.30 Depart for the Fontevraud Royal Abbey

    8.00 The Fontevraud Royal Abbey
    Guided tour
    Conference dinner


    There is only one month left until the 3rd International Workshop on Animal Loco
    motion. There has
    been a wonderful response from scientists around the world and about 100 persons
    have registred so
    far. Enclosed are some last minute recommendations regarding travel information
    and your contribution
    to the conference. The organizing committee is looking forward to welcoming you
    to Saumur.

    Conference registration
    If you have not already registered for the conference, would you please return y
    our registration fees to
    the 3rd IWAL Secretariat, we need to finalise the number of participants. If we
    do not receive your
    registration fees by 30 April 1996, we will assume that you will not be attendin
    Accommodation and transportation
    If your travel plans in France and your hotel booking in Saumur are not finalise
    d, please contact the
    agency Philtours as soon as possible. Saumur is a small touristic town and has a
    limited hotel capacity.
    Direct all your questions concerning accomodations, transportation, optional act
    ivities, and any pre/post
    conference tours to the official travel agency :
    VOYAGES PHILTOURS Phone: Int + (33)
    Service Congr}s Fax: Int + (33)
    B.P. 237
    49 418 Saumur

    Shuttle service between the hotel and conference site
    If you would like to use the shuttle service between the hotel and the conferen
    ce site (ENE), you must
    check it on the attached form and fax it to the 3rd IWAL Secretariat by 30 April

    Conference schedule
    The conference will start at 9.00 am on Monday 20, May 1996. You will find the e
    nclosed schedule for
    more details on the timing of the sessions.
    Weather and dress
    Spring in Saumur is generally mild 15-20 C, with variable to sunny weather. Sma
    rt casual attire is
    appropriate for conference sessions and other activities. A lounge suit is appro
    priate for the conference
    dinner on Wednesday 22, May.

    Conference registration office and access
    If you arrive in Saumur on Sunday 19 May, you will need to register at the confe
    rence office to pick
    up the conference package and your hotel booking reference. The conference offic
    e will be installed in
    Saumur, downtown in the Town Hall (Hotel de Ville - Salle des mariages) between
    2.30 pm to 8.00 pm
    (see the map in the registration brochure).
    Hotel de Ville de Saumur Phone: (33) 41 51 03 06
    Office du tourisme Fax: (33) 41 67 89 51
    Place de Bilange
    49418 Saumur

    If you arrive on Monday 20 May, please drive directely at the Ecole Nationale d'
    Equitation, and
    register at the conference office between 8.00-9.00 am. A delegate of the trave
    l agency Philtours will be
    present for any accommodation or transportation inquiries.
    Ecole Nationale d'Equitation Phone: (33) 41 53 50 50
    Terrefort Fax: (33) 41 67 63 08
    49411 Saumur

    Choice of workshops
    In addition to the 68 communications listed in the programme, 5 workshops will b
    e organized on
    Monday 20 and Wednesday 22,May. Please choose one workshop on each day, check yo
    ur choice on
    the attached form and fax it by 31 April 1996.
    Monday's workshops
    In vivo measurement techniques in equine biomechanical research
    Signal analysis in biomechanics
    Wednesday's workshops
    Gait analysis and judging criterion in dressage
    Comparison of treadmill and overground locomotion
    The range of normal values for the trot

    Recommendations for oral presentations
    Please meet your chairman in the preparation room at least 15 min prior your s
    Use the preparation room to prepare your carousels of slides at least 30 min p
    rior your session.
    10 min are allotted for each presentation. A green and red light will be used
    to advise the speaker to
    end his presentation.
    4 min of discussion is allotted at the end of each presentation.
    Audio-video material available:
    - Preparation room with two 35 mm slide projectors and carousels
    - Amphitheatre with a very large screen. Slides should be of high quality.
    - Double slide projection (35 mm).
    - Video Barco projector which can display the following video format: VHS (Pal
    or Secam)
    and Umatic Pal. NTC is not available.
    - VGA input for displaying a microcomputer screen.
    - A microcomputer for assited presentation using Harvard Graphics windows.
    - An overhead projector (Elmo visual presenter) using normal pages.
    - A laser pointer.

    Recommendations for poster presentations
    All the posters presentations for the day should go up in the poster area befo
    re the beginning of the
    first session at 9.00 am. There will be sufficient poster boards for the posters
    to remain up the whole
    day that your poster is scheduled. We will have drawing pins to allow the poster
    s to be attached to
    the wooden boards (1,20 high x1,50 m wide). All the posters should be removed af
    ter the end of the last session of the day.
    A 3 min oral presentation and 2 min discussion of each poster in amphitheatre is
    Use no more than 2 slides for presenting your summary. You can also use a video
    film of 3 min if
    you prefer (see format above). Because of the very tight scheduling, it is essen
    tial that you do not try
    to present all your data in the two slides. Please focus on the main results and
    conclusions in order to
    encourage questions and discussion.

    REMINDER : Deadline for manuscript submission April 30, 1996

    I look forward to seeing you in Saumur.

    Yours Sincerely,

    Dr E. Barrey,
    Conference chairman