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    ================================================== ======================

    edited by Pietro Morasso and Vittorio SanguinetI

    North Holland Elsevier - Advances in Psychology vol. 119
    ISBN 0 444 823239, 1997, 635 pages

    In the study of the computational structure of biological/robotic sensorimotor
    systems, distributed models have gained center stage in recent years, with
    a range of issues including self-organization, non-linear dynamics, field
    computing, etc. This multidisciplinary research area is addressed by a
    multidisciplinary team of contributors, who provide a balanced set of
    articulated presentations which include reviews, computational models,
    simulation studies, psychophysical and neurophysiological experiments.
    For convenience, the book is divided into three parts, without a clearcut
    boundary but a slightly different focus. The reader can find different
    approaches on controversial issues, such as the role and nature of force
    fields, the need of internal representations, the nature of invariant
    commands, the vexing question about coordinate transformations, the
    distinction between hierarchical and bidirectional modelling, and the
    influence of muscle stiffness.
    In Part I, the major theme concerns computational maps which typically
    model cortical areas, according to a view of the sensorimotor cortex as a
    "geometric engine" and the site of "internal models" of external spaces.
    Part II also addresses problems of self-organization and field-computing
    but in a simpler computational architecture which, although lacking a
    specialized cortical machinery, can still behave in a very adaptive and
    surprising way by exploiting the interaction with the real world.
    Finally, Part III is focused on the motor control issues related to
    the physical properties of muscular actuators and the dynamic interactions
    with the world, attempting to complete the picture from planning to control.

    PART I

    Cortical Maps of Sensorimotor Spaces
    V. Sanguineti, P. Morasso, and F. Frisone
    Field Computation in Motor Control
    B. MacLennan
    A Probability Interpretation of Neural Population Coding for Movement
    T.D. Sanger
    Computational Models of Sensorimotor integration
    Z. Ghahramani, D.M. Wolpert, and M.I. Jordan
    How Relevant are Subcortical Maps for the Cortical Machinery?
    An Hypothesis Based on Parametric Study of Extra-Relay Afferents to
    Primary Sensory Areas
    D. Minciacchi and A. Granato


    Artificial Force-Field Based Methods in Robotics
    T. Tsuji, P. Morasso, V. Sanguineti, and M. Kaneko
    Learning Newtonian Mechanics
    F.A. Mussa Ivaldi and E. Bizzi
    Motor Intelligence in a Simple Distributed Control System:
    Walking Machines and Stick Insects
    H. Cruse and J. Dean
    The Dynamic Neural Field Theory of Motor Programming: Arm and Eye Movements
    G. Schvner, K. Kopecz, and W. Erlhagen
    Network Models in Motor Control and Music
    A. Camurri


    Human Arm Impedance in Multi-Joint Movement
    T. Tsuji
    Neural Models for Flexible Control of Redundant Systems
    F.H. Guenther and D. Micci Barreca
    Models of Motor Adaptation and Impedance Control in Human Arm
    T. Flash and I. Gurevich
    Control of Human Arm and Jaw Motion: Issues Related to Musculo-Skeletal Geometry
    P.L. Gribble, R. Laboissihre, and D.J. Ostry
    Computational Maps and Target Fields for Reaching Movements
    V. Sanguineti and P. Morasso
    >From Cortical Maps to the Control of Muscles
    P. Morasso and V. Sanguineti
    Learning to Speak: Speech Production and Sensori-motor
    G. Bailly, R. Laboissihre, and A. Galvan
    ================================================== ======================
    Pietro G. Morasso
    - University of Genova, DIST
    Via Opera Pia, 13, I-16145 Genova (Italy)
    V:+39 10 3532749; F:+39 10 3532154/3532948; E:
    - Center of Bioengineering - Hospital Colletta di Arenzano
    Via Giappone 3, I-16011 Arenzano (Genova)
    V:+39 10 9134805; F:+39 10 9134122; E: