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  • ECSS '98 Congress

    The Third Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science
    July 15th - 18th 1998, Manchester, U.K.

    Preliminary Programme

    Wednesday 15th July
    Registration and trade exhibition
    5.00pm - Opening Ceremony
    Paavo V. Komi, ECSS President
    Spyros Pappas, Director General, DG X European Commission
    Howard Wells, Chief Executive, UK Sports Council
    Plenary session lectures
    'Sport, Recreation and The Quality of Life for the 21st Century'
    6.00 pm

    Thursday 16th July
    Chair: P.O. Astrand (Sweden)
    Epidemiology, health and exercise:
    how has epidemiology
    shaped our attitude to
    exercise? William Haskell (USA)

    Exercise on prescription:
    is it a real alternative or
    a passing fashion?
    10.30 Refreshments
    Symposium in honour of
    Jerry Morris:
    Mortality and morbidity- Archie Young (UK)
    exercise and diet Philip James (UK)

    Psychological skills and
    interventions in sport Craig Hall (Canada)

    Metabolic fuels -
    exercise, obesity and
    diabetes Anton Wagenmakers (Netherlands)

    Physiology of
    strength training. A. Thorstensson (Sweden)

    Sport and globalisation Ruud Stokvis* (Netherlands)

    Biomechanical modelling Robert McNeill
    and simulation in sport Alexander (UK)
    Fred Yeadon (UK)
    Clinical difficult groins
    ie sports hernia Mark Batt (UK)

    Drugs and the athlete Michael Turner (UK)

    12.30 Lunch
    Changing health behaviours
    (decision making process) Jane Wardell (UK)*

    Organisational psychology
    in sport Albert Carron (Canada)*

    Physiology of endurance
    training Hans Hoppeler (Switzerland)

    Nutrition and sports Clyde Williams (UK)
    performance Ron Maughan (UK)

    Sport and gender Gertrud Pfister (Germany)

    mechanics and co-
    ordination - jumping Marten Bobbert (Netherlands)

    Joint stability: P. Renstom (Sweden)
    Knees & shoulders Simon Frostick (UK)

    Social perspectives of Paul Melia (Canada)
    drug use in sport Pat Lenehan (UK)

    3.30 Refreshments
    The psychological
    impact of exercise Ron Dishman (USA)*

    Symposium sport,
    aggression and violence

    AV Hill Memorial Symposium:
    Muscle energetics Roger Woledge (UK)
    Oxygen debt Brian Whipp (UK)
    Human performance Bengt Saltin (Denmark)

    Over training

    Sport and nationalism Joseph Maguire (UK)

    Symposium: Spinal Tapio Videman (Finland)
    loading and low Mike Adams (UK)
    back pain Jaap Van Dieen (Netherlands)

    ACSM Symposium: Bill Haskell (USA)*
    Cardiovascular health Paul Thompson (USA)*
    and rehabilitation

    Contempory issues in drug
    testing Michael Turner (UK)


    Friday 17th July

    Physical education, Neil Armstrong (UK)
    sport and children John Evans (UK)

    10.30 Refreshments
    Stress, behaviour Andrew Steptoe (UK)*
    and disease

    Motivational issues in sport Stuart Biddle (UK)

    Current issues in
    cardiovascular physiology Neils Secher (Denmark)

    Controversy Brian Whipp (UK)
    anaerobic threshold George Brooks (USA)*

    Sport and the political
    economy Kimberley Schimmel (USA)

    Biomechanics of isokinetic
    training and rehabilitation Josef Tihanyi (Hungary)
    in sport Vasilios Baltzopoulos (UK)

    Asthma and the athlete

    Growth and development
    Multidisciplinary Gaston Beunen (Belgium)
    Symposium: adapted Gudrun Doll-Tepper (Germany)
    physical activity. Adrie Vermeer (Netherlands)

    12.30 Lunch
    Motor development in
    sport, exercise and health Vernon McDonald, NASA (USA)*

    Stress and performance Yuri Hanin (Finland)*

    Current issues in Jerzy Zoladz (Poland)
    respiratory physiology Susan Ward (UK)

    Current issues in skeletal David Jones (UK)
    muscle physiology Jens Bangsbo (Denmark)

    Sport and urbanisation Christian Bromberger* (France)

    Sports biomechanics

    Children in sport Paul de Knop (Belgium)

    Multidisciplinary symposium:
    Ageing and physical activity Michael Sagir (Israel)

    3.30 Refreshments
    Workshop: Cycling N Terrados (Spain)*
    P Keen, British Cycling Federation (UK)

    Workshop: Swimming H Toussaint (Netherlands)*

    Workshop: Football J Soares (Portugal)*
    J Williams (UK)

    Workshop: Racquet sports D Gould (USA)*
    F Mikkelson (Denmark)
    P Renstrom (Sweden)

    The disabled athlete symposium Maria Hopman (Netherlands)

    Masters sport:
    Competitive and
    recreational sport for
    the elderly Jerry Dempsey (USA)*

    The female athlete:
    Exercise, bone health,

    The young athlete: Jacques van Rossum (Netherlands)
    Talent development Adam Baxter (UK)
    Jan Borms (Belgium)

    The sport and exercise
    sciences and the information
    industry Rainer Martens (USA)

    Saturday 18th July
    Motor skill, acquisition
    maintenance and loss Jeff Summers (Australia)*

    Psychological factors in
    injury and rehabilitation Dan Gould (USA)*

    Warming up and Tony Sargeant (UK)
    warming down

    Ageing, physical activity Joseph Keul (Germany)
    and health Jerry Dempsey (USA)*

    Sport, culture and the
    body Kevin Young (Canada)

    Biomechanics and
    neuromuscular control Jacques Duchateau (Belgium)
    Paavo Komi (Finland)

    Symposium: Josep Roca (Spain)
    Pulmonary rehabilitation Charles Gallagher (Eire)

    10.30 Refreshments
    Perception-action Michael Laurent (France)
    coupling in sport Geert Savelsbergh (Netherlands)

    Personality and individual

    Physiology in space: Guido Feretti (Switzerland)
    how physiological systems Marco Narici (Italy)
    degrade Lars Larsson (Sweden)
    Pietro di Prampero (Italy)

    Gas exchange symposium Susan Ward (UK)
    Tom Barstow (USA)
    Veronique Billat (France)

    Sport and the mass media Margaret Carlisle Duncan (USA)

    Biomechanics of lower
    extremities during sport

    Symposium: Sport genetics Vassilis Klissouras (Greece)
    and molecular biology Roberto Bottinelli (Italy)
    Stefano Schiaffino (Italy)

    12.30 Lunch
    President Elect Lecture:
    Biological response to training from a time course perspective
    Joachim Mester (Germany)
    Is the sporting success of racial groups culturally or genetically
    determined? Chairman: Bengt Saltin (Denmark) & Eric Dunning (UK)

    Young Investigator Award Presentations

    3.30 Refreshments

    1. Closing Debate, returning to the questions raised in the Plenary
    sessions on Thursday and Friday

    2. Poster and Young Investigator Awards

    3. Closing ceremony

    5.30 Close
    Congress Dinner at Manchester United Football Club.

    The Third Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science,
    Conference Secretariat, HIT Conferences, Cavern Court, 8 Mathew
    Street, Liverpool L2 6RE UK.

    Tel: +44 (0)151 227 4423
    Fax: +44 (0)151 236 4829

    The Third Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science
    will be held in Manchester, 15 - 18 July 1998. Building on the
    success and experience of the previous congresses held in Nice (1996)
    and Copenhagen (1997) the meeting will be a major international event
    involving eminent scientists and scholars.

    We hope that academics, scientists, clinicians, teachers and students
    with an interest in exercise and sport science will take this
    opportunity to participate in what will be the largest meeting of its
    kind ever held in Europe.

    Our aim is:
    A. To provide a state of the art review of the basic, applied and
    clinical sciences as they relate to sport, exercise, health and the
    impact of sport on society; B. To provide a forum for integrating
    knowledge from the contributing sciences in multi-disciplinary
    symposia which addresses key issues in the fields of sport and health;
    C. To identify those areas where our understanding is incomplete. To
    discuss current controversies in the field. To encourage discussions
    of the challenges that face sport and exercise scientists and health
    professionals as we move towards the second millennium; D. Provide an
    integrated multi-disciplinary perspective on the special theme of
    'Elite Sport - Mass Participation - Community Health - The

    The European College of Sport Science (ECSS) is especially pleased to
    acknowledge the financial support offered by Health Care Development
    who are hosting this years Congress as well as the continuing support
    and encouragement of the European Commission, Directorate General X,
    and to report that the Director General, Mr. Spyros Pappas, has
    accepted our invitation to attend the Congress in Manchester.

    An important feature of the ECSS Congress since its inception has been
    the encouragement offered to new young scientists. The generous
    support provided by Mars Incorporated for the Young Investigators
    Awards has been of crucial importance in promoting their participation
    in the Congress. We are delighted to report that Mars Incorporated
    will again be sponsoring the Young Investigators Awards with generous
    cash prizes to be distributed. Full details of the competition can be
    found on page 5 of this brochure.

    The Congress organisers have booked a wide range of hotel
    accommodation for delegates for the duration of this event and in
    addition we have been fortunate in securing a large stock of high
    quality student accommodation available to all delegates at a low
    price. With affordable accommodation and a lower registration fee for
    those delegates registering early we hope that many young PhD students
    and Post-doctoral fellows will be able to present their research at
    this event and compete for the Young Investigators Award.

    We are confident that the exciting programme will be of interest to a
    wide range of professionals in the fields of sport, recreation and
    health. We hope the programme will represent the full range of
    current issues and its content will raise awareness and understanding
    of the important role that sport and exercise play in determining the
    health of society.

    Along with the multi-faceted, comprehensive scientific programme,
    there will be a strong emphasis on free presentations by delegates.

    We look forward to seeing you in Manchester.

    Paavo V. Komi, President
    European College of Sports Science

    Anthony Sargeant, Chair
    Scientific & Organising Committees

    Important dates
    1st March 1998
    Deadline for submission of abstracts

    15 April 1998
    Deadline for qualification for the reduced rate early registration.


    Who can participate?
    Less than 35 years of age and less than 2 years after a PhD or the
    equivalent at the time of the meeting. This should be verified by an
    authorised person in the investigator's department who should also
    certify the independence of, and a reasonable contribution to, the
    performed work by the presenting author. The verification should be
    submitted with the abstract.

    Abstracts, 1 page long, will be evaluated by the Scientific Committee
    of ECSS and the Local Scientific Committee. Based on their judgement
    and the wishes of the author, approved abstracts are scheduled either
    for oral or poster presentation. The members of the Scientific
    Committees will select the ten best oral presentations. Four finalists
    will then participate in a final round to compete for places one to
    four. The Committees will also select the ten best poster
    presentations. Efforts will be made to select contributions so that
    all fields of sport science are represented.

    The four finalists will present their contributions a second time (13
    minutes) in a plenary session, where a special jury, appointed by the
    Executive Board of the ECSS and the Scientific Committee, will
    question each contributor for 5 minutes. After the presentations, the
    jury will rank them. The jury also decide on the placing, one to four,
    of the best poster presentations.

    Oral presentations
    Winner US$5,000
    2nd prize US$4,000
    3rd prize US$3,000
    4th prize US$2,000
    5th - 10th prize (each) US$ 500

    Poster presentations
    Winner US$4,000
    2nd prize US$3,000
    3rd prize US$2,000
    4th prize US$1,000
    5th - 10th prize (each) US$ 500

    The scientific sessions will consist of both oral and poster
    presentations. The Scientific Committee will select the papers to be
    presented, both as free papers or poster presentations. Please tick
    the appropriate box on the abstract form indicating your preference
    (oral or poster). We will try to take your preference into account,
    but constraints of time and space may make this impossible. Oral
    presentations Presentations will be 10 minutes in length followed by 5
    minutes for discussion. Single projection will be available for 35mm
    slides as well as equipment for using overhead transparencies. Posters
    These should fit a board 1 metre wide and 1.5 metres high. The poster
    should be easily read from a distance of 1m. All posters should be
    structured e.g. title, name(s) of author(s), affiliation,
    material/methods, results, conclusions or discussion. The selected
    posters will be on display during the Congress. The authors are asked
    to attend their designated poster session in the poster area. In
    addition, some of the posters will be briefly presented (2 minutes)
    and discussed in special poster discussion sessions.

    A one page abstract should provide sufficient information for readers
    to fully assess the aims, methods, results and implications of the
    research in question. Each submission must be original work that has
    not been published previously. The abstract should be typed in
    English. Submission of abstracts Authors are requested to submit one
    complete one page, camera-ready abstract which will be printed in the
    Abstract Book. Each abstract will be reviewed before acceptance.
    Therefore, please enclose three additional copies. Please enclose also
    a disk with the abstract written in Word or text format. Please send
    the abstract back in an A4 size envelope and do not fold or staple.
    Deadline for receipt of abstract at the Congress Secretariat is March
    1st 1998.

    Abstract format
    The abstract should be typed on copies of the Abstract Form enclosed.
    Type the abstract text within the margins of the box. Please follow
    the model abstract overleaf. The text should be justified left,
    single-spaced, with a character size at 10 points, with a Times
    typeface. Please do not use typefaces simulating scriptwriting. Do not
    hyphenate words at the end of lines. Do not use bold. Please ensure
    you provide the biographical information requested on the other side
    of the form. Use the same font, size and style as the main text, do
    not use bold.

    The title (in CAPITAL LETTERS not to exceed 150 letters and spaces),
    the name(s) of the author(s) and affiliation(s), city and country
    should be included within the margins of the box. Please type authors
    in the format: Firstname, Surname; Firstname, Surname. Please
    underline the presenting author(s). Please omit University degrees.
    Each item should be separated by a blank line.

    The one page abstract should include the following sections (without
    headings): an introduction (the purpose of the study and a brief
    review on relevant literature), methods (a short explanation on data
    collection and processing), results (may be in the form of text,
    graphs or tables) and a discussion (major findings and conclusions).
    The emphasis of the abstract should be on the results and discussion.

    Do not separate paragraphs by a blank line. Leave a 6-space
    indentation at the beginning of each new paragraph. Graphs, tables and
    references may be used throughout the abstract. Only SI units are to
    be employed.

    Line drawings, tables and figures with captions must remain within the
    defined text limits. Figures should be taped (not glued) in the
    appropriate position. Each drawing should be numbered and have a short
    caption commentary. Please do not include photographs.

    Equations can be provided as line drawings in the correct size taped
    (not glued) in the appropriate position, or they can be typed on
    standard typewriters.

    Please try to minimise the number of references. Use index Medicus for
    journal title abbreviations. See abstract example for reference format
    instructions for authors.

    Please indicate appropriate category No. on the abstract form.
    Presentations are not limited to the topics addressed by the invited
    speakers. Presentations are encouraged from all relevant areas of
    study and will be grouped thematically either in free communication
    sessions or in relation to invited lectures at the discretion of the
    scientific committee.

    1 Society and sport
    2 Philosophy and sport
    3 Social psychology
    4 Motor control and behaviour
    5 Sport injury, illness and treatment
    6 Exercise rehabilitation and therapy
    7 Preventative medicine, health care and epidemiology
    8 Physiology
    9 Genetics and molecular biology
    10 Biomechanics
    11 Nutrition
    12 Pedagogy
    13 Ergonomics
    14 Ageing
    15 Growth and development
    16 Adapted physical activity and disabled sport
    17 Chronic illness and exercise
    18 Coaching science
    19 Sports specific
    20 Obesity, exercise and diet
    21 Other


    A.J Sargeant; A. Rademaker

    Department of Muscle and Exercise Physiology, Vrije University,
    Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

    The influence of muscle temperature on the contractile
    properties of mammalian skeletal muscle has been examined in a
    number of muscles with different fibre type composition (for
    review see e.g. Ranatunga and Thomas, 1990). The significance of
    these findings for human skeletal muscle fibre types contracting
    at velocities within the locomotory range is, however,
    uncertain. In the present study we have investigated in eight
    male subjects with different proportions of type I muscle fibres
    (range 41-85%), the effect of manipulating leg muscle
    temperature on the maximum power during isokinetic cycling
    (Sargeant 1994). The proportion of type I fibres was assessed in
    needle biopsics taken from vastus lateralis. Maximum peak power
    was measured during 5s sprints on an isokinetic cycle ergometer
    at constant pedalling rates of 60,110 and 140 rev min-4.
    Measurements at all three pedalling rates were made under three
    temperature conditions: after immersion in water baths at 12 and
    44¡C, and after rest at room temperature. The muscle temperature
    in the vastus lateralis measured at 3cm depth ranged from ~26¡C
    following the cold water bath to ~39¡C following the hot water
    bath. Using the data of the cold and hot water baths we
    calculated the Q10 for power at each pedalling rate studied in
    relation to the proportion of type I fibres. Q10 increased
    linearly at all pedalling rates: from values of 1.07, 1.17 and
    1.27 with 40% type I fibres present, to extrapolated values for
    100% type I fibres of 1.48, 1.61 and 2.00 (at 60, 110 and 140
    rev min-1, respectively; correlation coefficients for the
    regression lines were 0.77, 0.93 and 0.91, P