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  • Re: Summary martial arts

    Thanks to all who replied with regards to my research. Here is a list of
    the replies received:

    We (Raul Landeo) and I have been doing some work on segment interactions
    during kicking tasks (Bandal Chagui in Taekwondo). I suggest that you
    contact Raul directly. I am presenting this material at the NACOB
    meeting next month in Waterloo and we have a 2 page paper that you are
    welcome to look at. Please ask Raul to send you an electronic copy of


    Robert J. Neal, PhD
    Department of Human Movement Studies
    The University of Queensland
    AUSTRALIA 4072

    Ph 61 7 3365 6240
    Fax 61 7 3365 6877

    I am a practitioner of the martial arts (over 18 years of it) and I am
    extremely interested in the biomechanics behind many of our techniques,
    especially in the generation of power in many of the kicks. Could you
    forward any comments on your inquiry to me?

    George Calisto, CPE, CSP
    ************************************************** **********************

    I have not seen any articles on the specific kicks you have mentioned.
    However, you might try the following sources for reference on related

    Freund, R. "Karate Techniques: Applied Physiology and Biomechanics"
    Journal of Asian Martial Arts 5:3.

    Niiler, T.A. (1998) "Landing Impact Loading and Injury Risk to the
    Lower Legs in Chinese Wushu" Journal of Asian Martial Arts 7:2 pp.

    In addition to giving methodologies, these papers have a large list
    of references at the end which you might find useful. If your library
    does not carry this periodical, contact Via-Media Publishers through
    their web site:

    I utilized the impact on the ground as my initial point at which to
    begin the analysis, although I collected data throughout the jump
    kicks. A couple of event markers strike me as being significant in your
    case. The first is when the support foot first touches the ground. You
    could start your subjects by stepping onto a force plate (or by using a
    foot switch to tell ground contact) and follow the kick from that
    point. So if the left leg was to kick, the subject would step onto
    his/her right and then spin. This sort of set-up will give you
    kinematic information over the entire kick. If on the other hand, you
    are focussing on the contact point only, I would look at data from the
    point at which the shoulders are in-line with the target. In my
    experience, this event slightly precedes impact. However, unless you
    have a very good frame rate, your resolution of this will not be
    terribly good, since the time between the positioning of the shoulders
    and the actual contact point is quite small.

    I hope this is helpful.

    Tim Niiler
    ************************************************** **********************

    Please look for Dr. Yoshifuku's papers. He is famous for his martial
    study in Japan and the world. He is also martial arts athlete and
    specialist of physics.
    And I did some martial arts experiment last year, my subjects were two
    World Karate heavy weight champion, Mr. Yamaki and Mr Fillio.
    If you want to get their data about kick trials,don't hesitate to
    me. I will send electrical data.
    But these data has not published yet.

    Best regards,

    Yuji OHGI

    SPINOUT SPorts INformation is OUr Technology
    Tel&Fax +81-298-57-7553
    ************************************************** **********************

    I am a practitioner of both kickboxing (karate based) and
    Taekwon-Do and in addition i am also a Ph.D. student in Biomechanics.
    Although i have not studied the biomechanics of any martial arts
    techniques i am very interested in this area and as such would be
    interested in your findings. However, from my own studies i would
    recommend that you gain some (although you may have already done this)
    background knowledge on sequential segmentation i.e. Kinetic-link
    summation of speed principle, there are many articles on this area, in
    particular i recommend searching for work by Carol Putnam, if required i
    could forward you further details of literature related to this area.

    All the best
    Dave Cook B.Sc.

    David Philip Cook
    Brunel University, UK
    ************************************************** **********************

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