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  • Intensive course

    Limiting Factors of Human Neuromuscular Performance, 2nd - 4th December,

    The Neuromuscular Research Center
    Department of Biology of Physical Activity
    University of Jyväskylä
    Jyväskylä, Finland

    The European College of Sport Science following its established tradition
    presents the Advanced Intensive Course on "Limiting Factors of Human
    Neuromuscular Performance" to take place at University of Jyväskylä, Finland
    (Nov 26 - Dec 4, 1999). Due to laboratory courses and demonstrations, the
    number of students will be limited but, however, the last three days (Dec
    2-4) will be opened to everybody according to the registration order. The
    aim of the course is to promote and advance research in the respective
    field, through: a) fostering better utilization and mobility of young
    researchers in Europe in the pursuit of excellence, b) offering
    opportunities to young scientists to be exposed to high-quality research,
    and c) encouraging and improving cohesion of European young scientists and
    established investigators. The course is organized in the closed University
    environment and the
    venue provides the necessary infrastructure and an appropriate setting for
    optimal learning experiences.

    Course Themes
    The Intensive Course comprises of invited lectures, seminars, poster
    presentations and practical workshops at the "state-of the-art,
    cutting edge" research problems in Neuromuscular Performance. The main focus
    is on research methodology and recent findings in muscle damage, muscle
    mechanics and neuromuscular function as well as on adaptation of contractile
    and associated proteins and economy / mechanical efficiency of human
    movement. Reflex adaptation and excitability will be highlighted with
    electromyography and electrostimulation. A novel technique of in-vivo tendon
    force measurements in humans will revisit
    muscle mechanics and tendon loading during normal locomotion.

    Intensive Course Organization
    Prof. Timo Takala, Chair University of
    Jyväskylä, Finland
    Prof. Vasili Klissouras University of
    Athens, Greece
    Prof. Albert Gollhofer University of
    Stuttgart, Germany
    Dr. Janne Avela University of
    Jyväskylä, Finland
    Dr. Caroline Nicol Universite de la
    Mediterranee, France
    Dr. Heikki Kyröläinen, General Secretary University of Jyväskylä, Finland
    Ms. Hellevi Labbart, Secretary University of Jyväskylä,

    General Information

    Registration details
    Deadline for registration is November 15th 1999. The upper limit of the
    students to take part in the entire course including the
    laboratory work is 20. From these 8-10 will come from the institutes
    participating in the M.Sc. program in Biology of Physical Activity and 6
    M.Sc. / Ph.D. level students will be selected from among the laboratories
    representing East European Nations. There is, however, no limit to
    participate in lectures. Registration fee for those not belonging to the
    Finnish Graduate School of Health Sciences or to the European M.Sc. degree
    program in Biology of Physical Activity is 300 FIM (lectures) and 500 FIM
    (lectures and laboratory work). To register for the symposium use the
    address below. VAT (22%) is included in all fees.
    University of Jyväskylä, Department of Biology of Physical Activity
    PL 35, 40351 Jyväskylä, Finland
    tel. +358 14 602078, fax +358 14 602071
    e-mail: or
    After acceptance to the symposium, please pay the registration fee to
    our account with Postipankki 00007 Helsinki, Finland SWIFT PSPBFIHH,
    Account number: 800013-10171, Please use the reference: SYMP/99.

    Please make your choice of the hotels by contacting the following
    internet address:

    Academic sessions
    Academic sessions will take place in the auditorium L-303 situated in the
    Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences. The demonstrations will be held in the
    laboratory building. The organization of each session is under the
    responsibility of the respective teachers or chairmen.


    Thursday 25th November
    Arrival of students

    Friday 26th November
    9.00 Opening ceremony (L302)
    1. In vivo muscle mechanics: tendomuscular force and fascicle length
    Paavo V. Komi, Shikegi Ikegawa, Taija Finni, Toni Arndt & Vesa Lepola
    - Methodological development of tendon force measurements in humans
    - Optic fiber technique
    - Tendon loading in isolated conditions and in natural human locomotion
    - Measurement of fascicle length changes with ultrasound
    9.15 - 11.15 Lectures
    12.30 - 16.30 Demonstrations and practice
    17.00 - 18.00 Posters will be fixed on the poster boards
    18.00 - 20.00 Welcome party at cafeteria

    Saturday 27th November 1999
    2a. Reflex measurements applied to neuromuscular control of movement
    Janne Avela & Caroline Nicol
    - H-reflex measurements during movement and standing rest
    - Reflex segmentation during movement
    - Stretch induced force enhancement
    9.00 - 11.00 Lectures
    12.30 - 16.30 Demonstrations and practice
    2b. Nutritional Support for Training 17.00 - 19.00
    Ron Maughan, University Medical School, Aberdeen, UK

    Monday 29th November
    3a. Biomechanical visualization and modeling (BMVM)
    Jarmo Perttunen, Mikko Virmavirta, Timo Kokkonen, Sinikka Hänninen and Paavo
    V. Komi
    - System development
    - Signal recording and processing
    - Data utilization
    9.00 - 11.00 Lectures
    12.30 - 16.30 Demonstrations and practice
    3b. Students' poster presentations 17.00 - 19.00

    Tuesday 30th November
    4. Economy and mechanical efficiency of human locomotion
    Alain Belli, Heikki Kyröläinen & Kari Keskinen
    - Thermodynamics
    - Determination of mechanical efficiency
    - Factors influencing economy and mechanical efficiency
    - Applications in sports
    9.00 - 11.00 Lectures
    12.30 - 18.00 Demonstrations and practice

    Wednesday 1st December
    5. Neuromuscular adaptation to training and fatigue
    Albert Gollhofer, Keijo Häkkinen, Jacques Duchateau, Toshio Moritani and
    Vojko Strojnik
    - Strength and power training
    - Electrostimulation applied to muscle mechanics
    - Motor control aspects
    9.00 - 11.00 Lectures
    12.30 - 18.00 Demonstrations and practice

    Thursday 2nd December
    6. Stretch shortening cycle (SSC) exercises. Chair: V. Klissouras
    6.1. Stretch-shortening cycle of muscle function 9.00 - 10.00
    Paavo V. Komi, University of Jyväskylä, Finland
    Coffee break 10.00 - 10.30
    6.2. Mechanical energy transfers and stretch-shortening cycle during
    cross-country skiing 10.30 - 11.00
    Robert .W. Norman, University of Waterloo, Canada
    6.3. Behavior of muscle-tendon complex in triceps surae during human jumping
    11.00 - 11.30
    Senshi Fukashiro, University of Tokyo, Japan
    6.4. Repetitive SSC during vibration load 11.30 - 12.00
    Joachim Mester, University of Cologne, Germany
    Lunch 12.00 - 13.00
    6.5. Length change and elastic energy storage of the patellar tendon 13.00 -
    Josef Tihanyi, University of Budapest, Hungary
    6.6. Muscle afferent feedback during human walking 13.30 - 14.00
    Thomas Sinkjaer, University of Aalborg, Denmark
    Coffee Break 14.00 - 14.30
    6.7 The influence of tendon young modulus, dimensions and instantenious
    moment arms on the efficiency of human movement 15.00 - 15.30
    Michael Voigt, University of Aalborg, Denmark
    6.8. Tendomuscular elasticity during jumping 15.30 - 16.00
    Carmelo Bosco, University of Rome-Tor Vergata, Italy
    6.9. Effects of exhausting SSC exercise on neuromuscular performance 16.00 -
    Tomoki Horita, University of Toyama, Japan

    Friday 3rd December
    7. Biomechanical aspects in human locomotion. Chair: M. Miyashita
    7.1. Energy, forces and force distribution at the ankle during jumping
    10.00 - 11.00
    Peter Brüggemann, University of Cologne, Germany and Toni Arndt,
    Karoliniska Institut, Sweden
    7.2. Biomechanics in sprint running 11.00 - 12.00
    Akira Ito, Osaka University of Health and Sport Sciences, Japan and Antti
    Mero, University of Jyväskylä, Finland
    Lunch 12.00 - 13.00
    7.3. Biomechanics in swimmimg 13.30 - 14.00
    Kari Keskinen, University of Jyväskylä, Finland
    7.4. Biomechanics in ski jumping 14.00 - 14.30
    Mikko Virmavirta, University of Jyväskylä, Finland
    7.5. Biomechanics in javelin throwing 13.00 - 13.30
    Jukka Viitasalo, Research Institute for Olympic Sports, Finland
    Coffee Break 14.30 -15.00
    8. Mechanical efficiency and economy of human movement. Chair: J. Mester
    8.1. Running economy: issues and controversies 15.00 - 15.30
    Masahiro Kaneko, Osaka University of Health and Sport Sciences, Japan
    8.2. Mechanical energy related to running economy 15.30 - 16.00
    Alain Belli, Université de Franche-Comté, France
    8.3. Effects of marathon running on running economy and kinetics 16.00 -
    Heikki Kyröläinen, University of Jyväskylä, Finland
    8.4. Physiological limiting factors of human economy 16.30 - 17.00
    Pierre Marconnet, University of Nice, France

    Saturday 4th December
    9. Reflex regulation of movement. Chair: A. Thorstensson
    9.1. Role of stretch reflexes in human movement 8.30 - 9.00
    Albert Gollhofer, University of Stuttgart, Germany
    9.2. Stretch induced force enhancement in human muscle -tendon complex
    9.00 - 9.30
    Caroline Nicol, University of Marseilles, France
    9.3. H-reflex measurements during movement 9.30 - 10.00
    Janne Avela, University of Jyväskylä, Finland
    Coffee Break 10.00 - 10.30
    9.4. Changes in reflex activities during fatiguing contractions 10.30 -
    Jacques Duchateau, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
    9.5. Reflex excitability and muscle fatigue 11.00 - 11.30
    Toshio Moritani, University of Kyoto,Japan
    Lunch 11.30 - 12.30
    10. Trainability of muscle structure and neuromuscular function. Chair: H.
    10.1. Heritability of human neuromuscular system 12.30 - 13.00
    Vassillis Klissouras, University of Athens, Greece
    10.2. Effects of strength training on neuromuscular function 13.00 - 13.30
    Alf Thortensson, University College of Physical Education and Sports,
    10.3. Aging and neuromuscular adaptation to strength training 13.30 - 14.00
    Keijo Häkkinen, University of Jyväskylä, Finland
    Coffee Break and Certificates 14.00 - 14.30

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