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European Society of Biomechanics 2010 Congress Tutorials

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  • European Society of Biomechanics 2010 Congress Tutorials

    Dear colleagues,

    As many of you already know, the 17th Congress of the European Society
    of Biomechanics will be held this year from Monday 5th July to Thursday
    8th July at the University of Edinburgh (for programme and registration
    details, see & note that
    the 'early registration' period ends on 30th April).

    On Sunday 4th July, the day before the main Congress begins, we will be
    holding four tutorial sessions, covering a good range of interesting and
    relevant topics (details below). These are aimed at graduate students,
    post-docs, and young researchers, although experienced researchers are
    also welcome to attend. The cost is 20 per tutorial or 35 for two when
    booked at the same time. All costs include lunch and a coffee/tea break.
    Bookings can be made on

    We look forward to seeing you in Edinburgh this summer.

    Amy Zavatsky

    ----- European Society of Biomechanics Congress 2010 Tutorial Details -----

    * Dr. Marco Viceconti, Dr. Fulvia Taddei, Prof. Luca Cristofolini
    (Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna, Italy)
    The aim of this tutorial is to provide post-graduates, post-docs, and
    young researchers in general with an update on the most innovative
    methods to generate and validate predictive biomechanical models of the
    musculoskeletal system. The course will open with a rather philosophical
    introduction to models: the definition of a model, the role of models,
    and their strengths and limitations. In this context, new approaches
    such as multiscale, probabilistic, and personalised modelling will be
    introduced. In the second part of the course, these modelling methods
    will be described in detail, and their strengths and weaknesses and the
    role they can play in research and clinical practice will be illustrated
    through the use of some practical examples. In the final part of the
    course, the role of experimental measurements will be shown. The
    importance of model identification and validation will be stressed. An
    integrated experimental-numerical approach for exploiting the synergy
    between numerical models and in vitro experiments will also be presented.

    * Dr. Peter Hoskins & Prof. Bill Eason (University of Edinburgh, UK) and
    Dr. Quan Long (Brunel University, UK)
    This is an introductory tutorial on arterial mechanics with an emphasis
    on imaging and modelling of arterial disease. The first part of the
    course concerns wall shear stress (WSS), imaging, and image-guided
    modelling. Topics to be covered include velocity and pressure in the
    arterial system, reflected waves, WSS, imaging-based methods to estimate
    WSS and their limitations, the basic image-guided modelling processing
    chain, and examples of blood flow and WSS in health and disease. The
    second part of the course will concentrate on wall modelling and
    fluid-structure interactions (FSI). After an introduction to FSI, the
    following areas will be discussed: different forms of FSI (one-way
    coupled, two-way coupled), FSI in practice and its applications in
    atherosclerosis, single case and multiple case studies on the assessment
    of vulnerable plaque rupture risk, and technical issues such as
    constitutive models for artery, boundary conditions, pre-stretch, and
    residual stress. The third part of the course will focus on blood as a
    two-phase fluid and will cover the general principles of two-phase flow,
    forces on particles, experimental and computational modelling of
    two-phase flow, red-cell margination, monocyte dynamics, and examples of
    clinical use.

    * Dr. Julia A. Schnabel (University of Oxford, UK)
    The aim of this tutorial is to provide an overview of medical image
    analysis and state-of-the art methods in image segmentation,
    registration, shape modelling, and validation methods. The course will
    open with a general introduction into medical image analysis, including
    image feature detection and filtering techniques. Image segmentation
    methods, including active contours and level sets, and suitable
    validation methods will then be introduced. In the second part of the
    course, motion models, in the context of nonlinear image registration,
    and their applicability for shape modelling and analysis will be
    presented. The synergy between image segmentation, registration, and
    shape modelling will be stressed, and the potential use of current
    state-of-the-art medical image analysis methods in biomechanical
    applications will be discussed.

    * Dr. Maarten F. Bobbert (VU University Amsterdam, The Netherlands)
    The aim of this tutorial is to give an introduction into muscle
    mechanics, the construction of models of muscle-tendon complexes, and
    the utilization of such models in, for example, forward simulation of
    movement. Various purposes for which researchers have developed muscle
    models and the types of models that are currently available in the
    literature will be addressed first. In human movement science, one
    common purpose is estimation of individual muscle forces from kinematics
    and electromyograms measured from subjects while they perform movements,
    and a second common purpose is simulation of movements with forward
    models of the musculoskeletal system. For both purposes, researchers
    mostly use Hill-type models, consisting of a contractile element in
    series with an elastic element. This course will therefore focus on the
    interaction between contractile elements and series elastic elements, on
    the modelling of this interaction, and on the incorporation of models of
    muscle-tendon complexes in models of the skeleton. After a brief
    coverage of the modelling of excitation dynamics and ways of obtaining
    parameter values for models of muscle-tendon complexes, examples of the
    estimation of individual muscle forces and simulation of movements with
    forward models of the musculoskeletal system will be presented.

    Dr Amy B. Zavatsky
    Department of Engineering Science
    University of Oxford
    Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PJ, UK
    Tel: +44 1865 737841