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PhD position in biomechanics/posture regulation at Valenciennes University

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  • PhD position in biomechanics/posture regulation at Valenciennes University

    Title: analyzing and modeling postural adjustments of mobility challenged passengers in an aircraft seat during in flight simulated conditions


    Laboratory:
    LAMIH UMR CNRS 8201
    Université de Valenciennes et du Hainaut-Cambrésis, France


    Team:
    Automatique & Système Homme-Machine (ASHM)


    Thesis supervisors:
    Prof. Philippe Pudlo
    03.27.51.14.29, Philippe.Pudlo@univ-valenciennes.fr
    Prof. Thierry-Marie Guerra
    03.27.51.13.37, Thierry.Guerra@univ-valenciennes.fr
    Dr. François Gabrielli
    03.27.51.14.29, Francois.Gabrielli@univ-valenciennes.fr


    Net salary:
    1400 €


    Project collaborations:
    - ZODIAC Aerospace
    - IFSTTAR/LBMC
    - ESI


    Context:
    Valenciennes University and LAMIH are looking for a PhD student to undergo research about accessibility and comfort of mobility challenged passengers in an aircraft environment. LAMIH UMR CNRS 8201 (Laboratory of Industrial and Human Automation control, Mechanical engineering and Computer Science) is a joint research unit between University of Valenciennes and Hainaut-Cambresis (UVHC) and CNRS (National Centre for Scientific Research). LAMIH acquired several pieces of experiences on biomechanics applied to low mobility citizen during past research projects, mainly funded by national research program (ANR TecSan 2006 SACR-FRM, ANR VTT 2009 VOLHAND, ANR TecSan 2012 VHIPOD). LAMIH is willing to increase its panel of applications by new investigations in the field of aeronautics biomechanics, especially the understanding of biomechanical strategies that are specific to mobility challenged passenger evolving in a restraint environment such as an aircraft cabin.


    Research project:
    The candidate will be part of a team dedicated to an industrial consortium investigating innovative aircraft seats. One of the tasks of the consortium project consists in the adaptation of current commercial aircraft seat to mobility challenged passengers.
    Maintaining a good balance of a passenger while assuring comfort is still a challenge, but when applied to passenger with no muscle activity below waist, one must investigate the compensatory strategies that are used by those passengers. The PhD student will be in charge of the biomechanical study concerning balance of mobility challenged passenger during simulated aircraft flight. More specifically, the candidate will investigate the compensatory strategies used to maintain balance and safety feelings while being on a moving platform that induces perturbation similar to flight condition. Targeted participant will be divided into low walking passenger (with cane or walker for example) and no walking passengers (wheelchair user).


    Job description:
    The first part of the research project will focus on how mobility challenged passenger transfer balance strategy from lower limbs and hip belt to upper limbs, which muscle are used in which configuration, and what may be the limit of such a balance strategy, in order to offer effective compensation system on a seat. In order to answer those questions, the PhD student will first undergo an biomechanical measurement campaign on targeted subjects, in order to access kinematic and dynamic strategies used to maintain balance on a dynamic 6dof platform (PSCHITT-PMR) own by LAMIH on which an aircraft seat will be mounted. The measurement campaign will also try to describe what are the muscles involved in the balance maintaining process for passenger
    without muscle activity under waist, when the seat is tilted of tangentially moved. The second part of the research project is to build an inverse model for balance maintain strategies that links muscle activity and comfort to external mechanical action on the seat and using geometric parameters of the seat and mechanical capacity of the passenger.


    Candidate profile:
    Master degree in human robotic, automatic or biomechanics or human movement science with a string experience in computational modeling. Candidate must have a strong interest in applied and industrial research, and knowledge of Matlab/Simulink or a previous experience on low mobility subjects is a plus. Candidate should be willing to work in a French speaking environment, although French is not required
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