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    This week's literature search for biomech* or locomot*

    Jinger Gottschall, PhD
    Emory University
    School of Medicine

    ***NOTE*** Articles with no volume, issue or page numbers indicate that
    the article has not been published in paper form yet, but may be
    available in electronic form through the publisher.


    Bareither, M. L., K. L. Troy, et al. (2006). "Bone mineral density of
    the proximal femur is not related to dynamic joint loading during
    locomotion in young women." Bone 38(1): 125-129.

    Main, R. P. and A. A. Biewener (2006). "In vivo bone strain and
    ontogenetic growth patterns in relation to life-history strategies and
    performance in two vertebrate taxa: Goats and emu." Physiological and
    Biochemical Zoology 79(1): 57-72.

    Russo, C. R., F. Lauretani, et al. (2006). "Structural adaptations to
    bone loss in aging men and women." Bone 38(1): 112-118.


    Johnson, M., G. Sharpe, et al. (2006). "Maximal voluntary hyperpnoea
    increases blood lactate concentration during exercise." European
    Journal of Applied Physiology.

    Nouraei, S. A. R., D. W. McPartlin, et al. (2006). "Objective sizing of
    upper airway stenosis: A quantitative endoscopic approach."
    Laryngoscope 116(1): 12-17.


    Ferretti, M., S. Madhavan, et al. (2006). "Dynamic Biophysical Strain
    Modulates Proinflammatory Gene Induction In Meniscal
    Fibrochondrocytes." American Journal of Physiology-Cell Physiology.

    Smith, J. A., P. McGarr, et al. (2005). "The Caenorhabditis elegans
    GATA factor elt-1 is essential for differentiation and maintenance of
    hypodermal seam cells and for normal locomotion." Journal of Cell
    Science 118(24): 5709-5719.

    Zhang, Z. G., C. Lambert, et al. (2006). "Effects of constitutively
    active GTPases on fibroblast behavior." Cellular and Molecular Life
    Sciences 63(1): 82-91.


    Edeline, E., S. Dufour, et al. (2005). "Role of glass eel salinity
    preference in the control of habitat selection and growth plasticity in
    Anguilla anguilla." Marine Ecology-Progress Series 304: 191-199.

    Fudge, D. S., N. Levy, et al. (2005). "Composition, morphology and
    mechanics of hagfish slime." Journal of Experimental Biology 208(24):

    Gibb, A. C., B. O. Swanson, et al. (2006). "Development of the escape
    response in teleost fishes: Do ontogenetic changes enable improved
    performance?" Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 79(1): 7-19.

    Gillis, G. B., J. P. Flynn, et al. (2005). "Patterns of strain and
    activation in the thigh muscles of goats across gaits during level
    locomotion." Journal of Experimental Biology 208(24): 4599-4611.

    Herrel, A. and A. C. Gibb (2006). "Ontogeny of performance in
    vertebrates." Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 79(1): 1-6.

    Herrel, A. and J. C. O'Reilly (2006). "Ontogenetic scaling of bite
    force in lizards and turtles." Physiological and Biochemical Zoology
    79(1): 31-42.

    Higham, T. E., B. Malas, et al. (2005). "Constraints on starting and
    stopping: behavior compensates for reduced pectoral fin area during
    braking of the bluegill sunfish Lepomis macrochirus." Journal of
    Experimental Biology 208(24): 4735-4746.

    Janovetz, J. (2005). "Functional morphology of feeding in the
    scale-eating specialist Catoprion mento." Journal of Experimental
    Biology 208(24): 4757-4768.

    Necker, R. (2006). "Specializations in the lumbosacral vertebral canal
    and spinal cord of birds: evidence of a function as a sense organ which
    is involved in the control of walking." Journal of Comparative
    Physiology a-Neuroethology Sensory Neural and Behavioral Physiology.

    Okada, J. and Y. Toh (2006). "Active tactile sensing for localization
    of objects by the cockroach antenna." Journal of Comparative Physiology
    a-Neuroethology Sensory Neural and Behavioral Physiology.

    Pierce-Shimomura, J. T., M. Dores, et al. (2005). "Analysis of the
    effects of turning bias on chemotaxis in C elegans." Journal of
    Experimental Biology 208(24): 4727-4733.

    Stanford, C. B. (2006). "Arboreal bipedalism in wild chimpanzees:
    Implications for the evolution of hominid posture and locomotion."
    American Journal of Physical Anthropology 129(2): 225-231.

    Stevens, N. J., P. M. O'Connor, et al. (2005). "An Anthropoid primate
    humerus from the Rukwa Rift Basin, paleogene of southwestern Tanzania."
    Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 25(4): 986-989.

    Watkins, T. B. and J. Vraspir (2006). "Both incubation temperature and
    posthatching temperature affect swimming performance and morphology of
    wood frog tadpoles (Rana sylvatica)." Physiological and Biochemical
    Zoology 79(1): 140-149.


    Cehreli, M., A. Comert, et al. (2006). "Towards the limit of
    quantifying low-amplitude strains on bone and in coagulum around
    immediately loaded oral implants in extraction sockets." Medical &
    Biological Engineering & Computing.

    Erdogan, O., E. Esen, et al. (2006). "Effects of low-intensity pulsed
    ultrasound on healing of mandibular fractures: An experimental study in
    rabbits." Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 64(2): 180-188.

    Kishen, A., K. B. C. Tan, et al. (2006). "Digital moire interferometric
    investigations on the deformation gradients of enamel and dentine: An
    insight into non-carious cervical lesions." Journal of Dentistry 34(1):

    Yamashita, J., Q. Wang, et al. (2006). "Biomechanical effects of fixed
    partial denture therapy on strain patterns of the mandible." Journal of
    Prosthetic Dentistry 95(1): 55-62.


    Frokjaer, J. B., S. D. Andersen, et al. (2006). "Sensation and
    distribution of stress and deformation in the human oesophagus."
    Neurogastroenterology and Motility 18(2): 104-114.

    Liao, D. H., J. B. Zhao, et al. (2006). "Three-dimensional geometry
    analysis of the stomach in type II diabetic GK rats." Diabetes Research
    and Clinical Practice 71(1): 1-13.


    Baker, N. A. and E. L. Cidboy (2006). "The effect of three alternative
    keyboard designs on forearm pronation, wrist extension, and ulnar
    deviation: A meta-analysis." American Journal of Occupational Therapy
    60(1): 40-49.

    Haubert, L. L., D. D. Gutierrez, et al. (2006). "A comparison of
    shoulder joint forces during ambulation with crutches versus a walker
    in persons with incomplete spinal cord injury." Archives of Physical
    Medicine and Rehabilitation 87(1): 63-70.

    Mens, J. M. A., L. Damen, et al. (2006). "The mechanical effect of a
    pelvic belt in patients with pregnancy-related pelvic pain." Clinical
    Biomechanics 21(2): 122-127.

    Merkle, A. C., M. Kleinberger, et al. (2005). "The effects of
    head-supported mass on the risk of neck injury in army personnel."
    Johns Hopkins Apl Technical Digest 26(1): 75-83.

    Rosenblum, S., S. Goldstand, et al. (2006). "Relationships among
    biomechanical ergonomic factors, handwriting product quality,
    handwriting efficiency, and computerized handwriting process measures
    in children with and without handwriting difficulties." American
    Journal of Occupational Therapy 60(1): 28-39.

    Toole, T., C. G. Maitland, et al. (2005). "The effects of loading and
    unloading treadmill walking on balance, gait, fall risk, and daily
    function in Parkinsonism." Neurorehabilitation 20(4): 307-322.

    van Wijk, I., A. Algra, et al. (2006). "Change in mobility activity in
    the second year after stroke in a rehabilitation population: Who is at
    risk for decline?" Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
    87(1): 45-50.


    Rezende, E. L., S. A. Kelly, et al. (2006). "Effects of size, sex, and
    voluntary running speeds on costs of locomotion in lines of laboratory
    mice selectively bred for high wheel-running activity." Physiological
    and Biochemical Zoology 79(1): 83-99.

    Rossignol, S., R. J. Dubuc, et al. (2006). "Dynamic sensorimotor
    interactions in locomotion." Physiological Reviews 86(1): 89-154.


    Nester, C. J. and A. H. Findlow (2006). "Clinical and experimental
    models of the midtarsal joint - Proposed terms of reference and
    associated terminology." Journal of the American Podiatric Medical
    Association 96(1): 24-31.

    van Drongelen, S., L. H. V. van der Woude, et al. (2006). "Glenohumeral
    joint loading in tetraplegia during weight relief lifting: A simulation
    study." Clinical Biomechanics 21(2): 128-137.


    Lee, P. J., E. L. Rogers, et al. (2006). "Active trunk stiffness
    increases with co-contraction." Journal of Electromyography and
    Kinesiology 16(1): 51-57.


    Carlin, K. P., Y. Dai, et al. (2006). "Cholinergic and serotonergic
    excitation of ascending commissural neurons in the thoraco-lumbar
    spinal cord of the neonatal mouse." Journal of Neurophysiology 95(2):

    Carroll, T. J., E. R. L. Baldwin, et al. (2006). "Corticospinal
    excitability is lower during rhythmic arm movement than during tonic
    contraction." Journal of Neurophysiology 95(2): 914-921.

    DiCaprio, R. A. (2006). "The beat goes on, and up and down. Focus on
    "bursts of information: Coordinating interneurons encode multiple
    parameters of a periodic motor pattern"." Journal of Neurophysiology
    95(2): 589-590.

    Fredriksson, A., P. Eriksson, et al. (2006). "Postnatal iron-induced
    motor behaviour alterations following chronic neuroleptic
    administration in mice." Journal of Neural Transmission 113(2): 137-150.

    Holahan, M. R., F. A. Taverna, et al. (2005). "Impairment in long-term
    retention but not short-term performance on a water maze reversal task
    following hippocampal or mediodorsal striatal N-methyl-D-aspartate
    receptor blockade." Behavioral Neuroscience 119(6): 1563-1571.

    Ivanenko, Y. P., R. E. Poppele, et al. (2006). "Spinal cord maps of
    spatiotemporal alpha-motoneuron activation in humans walking at
    different speeds." Journal of Neurophysiology 95(2): 602-618.

    Lam, T., M. Anderschitz, et al. (2006). "Contribution of feedback and
    feedforward strategies to locomotor adaptations." Journal of
    Neurophysiology 95(2): 766-773.

    Meier, C., J. Middelanis, et al. (2006). "Spastic paresis after
    perinatal brain damage in rats is reduced by human cord blood
    mononuclear cells." Pediatric Research 59(2): 244-249.

    Ninomiya, Y., Y. Kayama, et al. (2005). "Postnatal development of
    cholinergic neurons in the mesopontine tegmentum revealed by
    histochemistry." International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
    23(8): 711-721.

    Sirota, M. G., G. A. Pavlova, et al. (2006). "Activity of the motor
    cortex during scratching." Journal of Neurophysiology 95(2): 753-765.


    Bass, E. C., W. H. Nau, et al. (2006). "Intradiscal thermal therapy
    does not stimulate biologic remodeling in an in vivo sheep model."
    Spine 31(2): 139-145.

    Blouin, J. S., J. T. Inglis, et al. (2006). "Auditory startle alters
    the response of human subjects exposed to a single whiplash-like
    perturbation." Spine 31(2): 146-154.

    Hart, R., W. Hettwer, et al. (2006). "Mechanical stiffness of segmental
    versus nonsegmental pedicle screw constructs: The effect of
    cross-links." Spine 31(2): E35-E38.

    Malmstrom, E. M., M. Karlberg, et al. (2006). "Primary and coupled
    cervical movements - The effect of age, gender, and body mass index. A
    3-dimensional movement analysis of a population without symptoms of
    neck disorders." Spine 31(2): E44-E50.

    Sairyo, K., S. Katoh, et al. (2006). "MRI signal changes of the pedicle
    as an indicator for early diagnosis of spondylolysis in children and
    adolescents - A clinical and biomechanical study." Spine 31(2): 206-211.

    Trout, A. T., D. F. Kallmes, et al. (2006). "New fractures after
    vertebroplasty: Adjacent fractures occur significantly sooner."
    American Journal of Neuroradiology 27(1): 217-223.


    Mahar, A. T., B. S. Tucker, et al. (2005). "Increasing the insertion
    depth of suture anchors for rotator cuff repair does not improve
    biomechanical stability." Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery 14(6):


    Freitas, S., M. Duarte, et al. (2006). "Two kinematic synergies in
    voluntary whole-body movements during standing." Journal of
    Neurophysiology 95(2): 636-645.

    Moseley, G. L. and P. W. Hodges (2005). "Are the changes in postural
    control associated with low back pain caused by pain interference?"
    Clinical Journal of Pain 21(4): 323-329.


    Kitaoka, H. B., X. M. Crevoisier, et al. (2006). "The effect of
    custom-made braces for the ankle and hindfoot on ankle and foot
    kinematics and ground reaction forces." Archives of Physical Medicine
    and Rehabilitation 87(1): 130-135.

    Yu, T. C., C. H. Huang, et al. (2006). "Fatigue resistance analysis of
    tibial baseplate in total knee prosthesis - An in vitro biomechanical
    study." Clinical Biomechanics 21(2): 147-151.


    Lichtwark, G. A. and A. M. Wilson (2005). "In vivo mechanical
    properties of the human Achilles tendon during one-legged hopping."
    Journal of Experimental Biology 208(24): 4715-4725.

    Sabczynski, J., S. P. M. Dries, et al. (2004). "Image-guided
    reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament." International
    Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery 1(1): 125-132.

    Xia, W., Y. Wang, et al. (2006). "Spontaneous recovery of injured
    Achilles tendon in inducible nitric oxide synthase gene knockout mice."
    Inflammation Research 55(1): 40-45.


    Durselen, L., M. Hafner, et al. (2006). "Biological response to a new
    composite polymer augmentation device used for cruciate ligament
    reconstruction." Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part
    B-Applied Biomaterials 76B(2): 265-272.

    Lewis, G. (2006). "Injectable bone cements for use in vertebroplasty
    and kyphoplasty: State-of-the-art review." Journal of Biomedical
    Materials Research Part B-Applied Biomaterials 76B(2): 456-468.

    Shearn, J., L. Hellmann, et al. (2005). "Effect of initial cell-seeding
    density on postoperative cell number and dispersion." Tissue
    Engineering 11(11-12): 1898-1904.

    Smalls, L. K., R. R. Wickett, et al. (2006). "Effect of dermal
    thickness, tissue composition, and body site on skin biomechanical
    properties." Skin Research and Technology 12(1): 43-49.


    Cheung, J. T. M., M. Zhang, et al. (2006). "Effect of Achilles tendon
    loading on plantar fascia tension in the standing foot." Clinical
    Biomechanics 21(2): 194-203.

    Jones, S. F., P. C. Twigg, et al. (2006). "The mechanics of landing
    when stepping down in unilateral lower-limb amputees." Clinical
    Biomechanics 21(2): 184-193.

    Cooper, R. A., D. Ding, et al. (2005). "Virtual reality and computer
    enhanced training applied to wheeled mobility: An overview of work in
    Pittsburgh." Assistive Technology 17(2): 159-170.


    Guo, L. Y., F. C. Su, et al. (2006). "Effect of handrim diameter on
    manual wheelchair propulsion: Mechanical energy and power flow
    analysis." Clinical Biomechanics 21(2): 107-115.

    Gutierrez, D. D., S. J. Mulroy, et al. (2005). "Effect of fore-aft seat
    position on shoulder demands during wheelchair propulsion: Part 2. An
    electromyographic analysis." Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine 28(3):

    Mulroy, S. J., C. J. Newsam, et al. (2005). "Effect of fore-aft seat
    position on shoulder demands during wheelchair propulsion: Part 1. A
    kinetic analysis." Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine 28(3): 214-221.