Dear colleagues,

you are warmly invited to attend the Special Session 11 of the International Conference on Neurorehabilitation 2018 (, which will take place in Pisa on Friday October 19th 2018, with the title "Redundancy and modularity in motor control: neuroscience, prosthetic, rehabilitative and assistive approaches". More details @

- Dalia De Santis: Guiding the reorganization of motor redundancy for assistance and rehabilitation after spinal cord injury.
- Matteo Bianchi: On the Role of Postural Synergies for Grasp Force Generation and Upper Limb Motion Control.
- Michele Xiloyannis: A Soft Tendon-Driven Robotic Glove: Preliminary Evaluation.
- Leonardo Cappello: Principal orientations of the wrist during ADLs: towards the design of a synergetic wrist prosthesis.
- Emilia Ambrosini: Does cycling training augmented by Functional Electrical Stimulation impact on muscle synergies in post-acute stroke patients?
- Francesco Scotto di Luzio: Assessment of muscular activation patterns in 3D upper limb robot-aided rehabilitation.

Brief Description:
The central nervous system shows a remarkable ability in coordinating a high number of muscles acting across one or more joints. To produce a wide range of purposeful movements, the CNS exhibits extremely complex patterns of coordination, observable both at the neuromuscular level and at the joint kinetic and kinematic level. This complexity, together with the high dimensionality, makes it challenging to understand the underlying mechanisms and to use them in practical applications. The concept of motor synergism is becoming more and more attractive in the neurorehabilitation scenario, due to its ability to describe motor coordination in a compact and intuitive way. After many years of research in the field of neuroscience and bioengineering, we are now observing an increasing number of applications in the fields of rehabilitation robotics, neuro-prosthetics, neuro-musculo-skeletal modelling and clinical assessment.
In the field of neuroscience, investigation of motor coordination has unveiled some important aspects underlying neural control strategies by the nervous system, which led to a better understanding of human movement in health and pathology. Synergy based indicators have been identified, able to objectively quantify motor impairment in a wide range of pathologies with motor symptoms; this increased knowledge has led to the development of devices and neurorehabilitation therapies based on the concept of motor synergies.
In the field of upper limb prosthetics, the concept of synergetic motion offers a powerful tool to optimize the design of mechanisms towards compact, lightweight yet functional devices, i.e., that minimize compensatory movements in the users. The application of this concept results in mechanisms that produce non-holonomic combinations of joint angles, which is desirable to reduce the number of actuators towards increased robustness and controllability. The concept of synergy has also been used to facilitate the definition of myoelectric control strategies, through the dimensionality reduction of high-density EMG signals from upper limb muscles.
This Special Session wants to gather all these new ideas for translating the synergy analysis into the future of rehabilitation practice, encompassing methodologies, innovative devices, and approaches based on motor control theories to deepen our knowledge on the design of functional prostheses and effective neuro-rehabilitation therapies.

Please visit the website of the Special Session for more details:

Looking forward to meeting you in Pisa!

The Organisers:

Leonardo Cappello
Cristiano De Marchis
Andrea D’Avella
Diego Torricelli